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Notes and Highlights of Kentucky Governor Andy Beshear’s Live Update September 2, 2020

2020.09.02 21:12 mr_tyler_durden Notes and Highlights of Kentucky Governor Andy Beshear’s Live Update September 2, 2020

Notes and Highlights of Kentucky Governor Andy Beshear’s Live Update September 2, 2020
Notes by mr_tyler_durden and Daily Update Team
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2020.08.29 18:15 DelusionalMuffin Vis turistički vodič / Vis tourist guide

Vis turistički vodič / Vis tourist guide

Vis

https://preview.redd.it/8fqh9vogryj51.jpg?width=1600&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=c061a780e88c4c0e49918588d906dee84dc8cf5a
Ove godine sam se s momkom zaputila na otok Vis i vidjela sam da ima jako puno pitanja ove godine, kao i prijašnjih o tome što se najviše isplati vidjeti, a da nekada nije sve u potpunosti odgovoreno. S obzirom na to da mi je bilo jako lijepo, odlučila sam natipkati svoja turistička iskustva na prekrasnom otoku Visu na oba jezika da možda u budućnosti to pomogne i nekom strancu.
This year I visited Vis island with my boyfriend. I noticed there are a lot of questions from people wanting to go there and not all were answered. Because I had such a lovely time I've decided to type out all of my experiences from one tourist to another. I did it both in Croatian and in English so foreigners can find info as well.
Na otok Vis najlakše se dođe trajektom iz Splita (ljeti vozi i trajekt iz Ancone na Vis). Trajekt na relaciji plovi 3 puta dnevno. Također, može se doći i katamaranom koji plovi jednom dnevno. Ukoliko na otok idete autom, moja preporuka je da kupite kartu online nekoliko dana ranije (pogotovo ako je srce sezone). To vam je ujedno i rezervacija i iz mog iskustva nitko vam ne može uzeti to mjesto, ne trebate stati u red satima ranije, već slobodno stanete sat vremena prije. Mi smo išli autom, tako da nisam sigurna kako je samo za putnike, ali mislim da u tom slučaju nema potrebe toliko ranije kupovati kartu. Trajekt kojim se vozite se zove Petar Hektorović i polazi s mjesta označenog na slici ispod. Vožnja traje cca 2 i pol sata i stižete direktno u mjesto Vis.
On the island of Vis you can arrive by ferry from Split (in the summer there is also a ferry line from Ancona). The ferry sails three times a day and you can also take a catamaran which sales once a day. If you are going in a car I would suggest buying a ticket online at least a few days earlier (especially if you are going in the heart of the season). The ticket is a reservation and from my experience, nobody can take your place, you don't need to arrive hours earlier and stand in the line. You can get there about an hour early. We went with a car so I'm not sure what it's like for passengers but I do believe there is no need to buy a ticket that early. The ferry is called Petar Hektorović and it departures from the spot marked in the picture below. The ferry ride takes around 2 and a half hours and you arrive directly in Vis.
https://preview.redd.it/juxeuj3jryj51.jpg?width=1001&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=18d0704330f30a6a2f51deae8fbd8cc98e5ae395

Smještaj / Accomodation

Komiža
Što se tiče smještaja možete birati između nekoliko lokacija na otoku Visu, s tim da su najpopularniji Vis i Komiža. Mi smo bili smješteni na Komiži koja je povezana Visom brzom cestom (cca 15ak minuta vožnje), a također vozi i mini bus na toj relaciji. Komiža je inače poznata kao ribarska lokacija na Visu. Jako mi se svidjela. :) Prepuna je starinskih kućica u kamenu koje daju cijelom mjestu nekakvu posebnu atmosferu. Gušt je prošetati se navečer rivom, otići na mol i gledati brodiće kako se pijano njišu. Ukoliko više volite tako nekakav starinski štih, svakako preporučam Komižu. Samo mjesto Vis mi se činilo modernije uređeno, iako se tamo zapravo mogu naći rimski ostatci, ali o tome malo kasnije.
Accommodation can be found in several locations. The most popular places to be in are Vis and Komiža. We rented apartments in Komiža which is connected to Vis via fast road (circa 15ish minutes). There is also a small bus which drives from Vis to Komiža and vice versa. Komiža is generally known as a fisherman location. I very much enjoyed it. :) It's full of rustic houses made out of stone which give the entire place a special atmosphere. It's a real pleasure to take a walk in the evening alongside the promenade, go to the pier and look at various ships swinging as if they were a little drunk. If you like this type of rustic architecture, I recommend Komiža. Vis by itself seems to me as if the architecture is a bit more modern, even though roman remnants can be found there. But I'll talk about that a little later.
Smještaj možete još naći u mjestima na jugu otoka - Milna i Rukavac. Uvala Milna je prepuna lijepih velikih vila i rentanje je dosta skuplje nego na drugim dijelovima otoka. Naravno, za tu cijenu dosta dobijete (odmah ste uz plažu, prekrasan pogled, skroz opremljeni apartmani), ali je za one dubljeg džepa. Generalno, u Milni se lijepo i kupati, a preko puta se nalazi nekoliko manjih otoka. Rukavac ima veliki izbor apartmana. Iako ne nudi sadržaj kao Komiža ili Vis, jedna od glavnih pluseva za smještaj u Rukavcu je blizina dosta dobrih plaža.
Accommodation can also be found in the south of the island, in Milna and Rukavac. Cove Milna is filled with beautiful villas and renting is a bit more expensive than in the other parts of the island. Of course, for that price, they offer a lot (such as closeness to the beaches, beautiful view, fully equipped apartments) but it's for those with a deeper pocket. Rukavac also has a lot of apartments to offer. Even though it doesn't offer as much as content such as Komiža or Vis, one of the biggest pluses for choosing accommodation in Rukavac is the closeness of a lot of good beaches.
Na cijelom otoku postoje dva hotela, jedan u Visu, a drugi u Komiži. Ovaj u Komiži se zove Biševo i ne bih ga preporučila s obzirom da mu hitno treba renovacija. Drugi se zove Issa i smješten je u blizni Visa te je blizu raznih plažica na kojima ima borova i hlada. Dosta je lijepo uređen, moderniji, a samim time i skuplji od Biševa kao i smještaja u apartmanima.
There are two hotels on the entire island, one in Vis, and the other one in Komiža. The one in Komiža is called Biševo and I wouldn't recommend it since it desperately needs a renovation. The other one is called Issa and it is situated near Vis. There are a lot of little beaches near it which are surrounded by pines that provide a decent amount of shadows. This hotel is nicely decorated, more modern and naturally more expensive than Biševo and accommodation you can get in apartments.

Plaže / Beaches

Plaže su jedan od najbitnijih faktora svakog ljetovanja na Jadranu, a Vis ih nudi jako, jako puno! Ima jako puno uvala i uvalica po cijelom otoku i do nekih plaža se treba zbilja namučiti da se dođe, dok su druge pristupačne samo brodom. Mi ih nažalost nismo uspjeli sve vidjeti i posjetiti, ali mogu izdvojiti one koje su nam baš zapale za oko i koje su između ostalog dosta popularne.
Beaches are one of the most important factors for those spending summer in Adriatic sea. Vis offers a lot and I do mean a lot of beaches. There are a lot of big and small coves on the entire island. To get to some beaches you really have to put in some effort while some are approachable only by boat. Unfortunately, we didn't manage to visit and see all beaches, but I will talk about the ones that are special and most popular.

Srebrna

https://preview.redd.it/5lzu5egmryj51.jpg?width=1500&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=ad871604bab954d7f50789c8177be16533cd2d0c
Srebrena je plaža locirana kod Rukavca i mnogima je omiljena plaža na Visu. Dobila je ime zapravo po srebrnom sjaju oblutaka pod mjesečinom. Oblutci su zapravo neobično veliki, ako se usporede s onima na ostalim viškim šljunčanim plažama. Okružena je borovom šumom, ima jako puno hlada i popularni je izbor za obitelji s malom djecom. Kod plaže postoji parking od kojeg vam treba 5 minuta do same plaže.
Srebrna (cro. silver) is a beach located near Rukavac and it is one of the favourite beaches to many on Vis. It got its name because of the silver reflection of pebbles under the moonlight. Pebbles are actually quite large and if you compare them to the other Vis beaches. It is surrounded by pines that provide a lot of shadows. It's a popular choice for families with children. There is a parking near the beach and from there you need around 5 minutes of walking to the beach itself.

Stončica

https://preview.redd.it/irpo4q9nryj51.jpg?width=1500&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=700e259d3d2c2d80b52786843f37c9c144241627
Stončica je smještena na istočnoj strani otoka u istomenoj uvali. Osim restorana i kafića postoji i igralište za odbojku na pijesku. Sama plaža je šljunčana. Nama se nije posebno svidjela jer je u tom trenutku u uvali bilo usidreno dosta brodova, ali plaža kao plaža je fora jer nudi sadržaj koje ostale ne.
Stončica is situated on the easter side of the island in the cove of the same name. Besides a restaurant and a bar, there is also a beach volleyball court. The beach is filled with pebbles. We didn't particularly like it because we were there when a lot of boats were anchored there. But the beach by itself is cool because it offers something the rest of them don't.

Stiniva

https://preview.redd.it/9wlfecforyj51.jpg?width=1500&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=25537e45da0d8657e4e8fadac9b1b1777d65b644
Stiniva je proglašena najljepšom plažom Europe 2016. godine, tako da ju se svakako isplati posjetiti. Uvala je smještena na južnoj strani otoka i krase ju visoke stjene po kojima je i postala poznata. Može joj se pristupiti s kopna, ali spremite se na dosta strmi poljski spust od 20 do 30 minuta. U nekim situacijama smo morali malo i zastati da vidimo kako bi se uopće najbolje i spustili. Za one koji nisu spremni za ovakve avanture postoje razni izleti brodom koji dolaze u uvalicu. Na plaži postoji kafić koji nudi razna pića, pa i nešto za prigristi. Iako nema nikakvog drveća koje bi pružilo hlad, zbog visokih stijena uvijek ima jedan dio plaže prirodni hlad. Ukoliko se nađete na Visu, ovo je jedna od plaža koju svakako preporučam. Jednostavno je prekrasna i unikatna.
Stiniva was declared as the most beautiful beach in Europe in 2016, so it is definitely worth a visit. The cove is situated on the south side of the island and it became popular because of the tall and beautiful cliffs. You can approach it by foot on land but be prepared for a really steep descent on a field road that lasts for about 20-30 minutes. In some situations, we had to take a little break to see which way is even the safest/best to climb down. For those who are not comfortable with such adventures, there are a lot of boat trips that arrive in the cove. On the beach, there is a bar that offers a variety of drinks and even some snacks. Even though there is no shadow from the trees, because of the tall cliffs there is always one part of the beach that is in the shadow. If you find your way to Vis, this is definitely one of the beaches I recommend. It's simply stunning and unique.

Komiške plaže / Komižan beaches

Kamenice
Najbliže plaže centru Komiže su Gusrica i Kamenice. Gusarica je relativno mala plaža smještena ispod hotela Biševo. Radi se zapravo o jednostavnoj šljunčanoj plaži, koju najviše spominjem zato što je jedna od glavnih lokacija za brčkanje u Komiži. Druga plaža u Komiži zove se Kamenice. Preko dana je tu šljunčana plaža s beach barom, a kad padne mrak se plaža pretvara u noćni klub. Nismo išli u klub ove godine jer je zbilja bilo puno ljudi, a veći gušt nam je bilo šetuckati po rivi.
Gusarica and Kamenice are two beaches close to the centre of Komiža. Gusarica is a relatively small beach situated under the hotel Biševo. It's actually a simple pebble beach which I'm mentioning mostly because it's one of the main locations for taking a swim in Komiža. The other beach nearest to the Komiža centre is Kamenice. During the day it's a pebble beach with a beach bar, but during the night it's actually a club/disco. We didn't really visit it during the night because there was a lot of people and we simply preferred to take a walk alongside the seafront.
Ima još nekoliko plaža u blizini Komiže, ali ili su dostupne strmim poljskim stazama ili im se može prići samo brodom. Neke koje smo posjetili su Templuž (FKK) i Pizdica. Pizdica je fora, osim zbog imena i zbog toga što se tamo nalaze izvori pitke vode. Preporučam da za ove plaže iznajmite kajake i odveslate ili platiti taksi brod (5 minuta vožnje) do njih jer je zbilja najbolji način za prilazak.
There are a few more beaches near Komiža but they are approachable either by steep descents or you can get there only by boat. Some we visited are Templuž (FKK) and Pizdica (cro. little pussy). Pizdica is neat because of the funny name it has and because it has springs of drinking water. I recommend to either rent a kayak and paddle there or pay for a taxi boat (5-minute ride) to get there because accessing them via seaside is just a better option.

Bili Bok (FKK)

https://preview.redd.it/oa747wbrryj51.jpg?width=1500&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=16dd0582a8ecb7d8b80dd8563e2a88d53f7a06c9
Kako i stoji u podnaslovu, Bili bok je nudistička plaža. Ukoliko vas ta vrsta aktivnosti odbija, ovo definitivno nije plaža za vas. Međutim, iako dečko i ja inače nismo nudisti, ovo nam je definitivno bila najdraža plaža na Visu, ne zato što je nudistička, ali i to ima prednosti - jedna od kojih je zasigurno što nema puno ljudi, nikada. Zbilja je za odmoriti se od svega. Plaža je smještena u blizini Rukavca, lako se dođe autom i parkira u blizini. Od parkinga do plaže treba par minuta hoda. Bili bok je karakterističan po tome što je to plaža samo u stijenama, nema tipičan šljunčani ulaz, već je more odmah duboko i zapravo možete skočiti u dubinu. Ovakvu boju mora, nisam nikad vidjela, plivate okruženi ribicama koje vas se ne boje jer ih tamo malo tko lovi. U moru možete običi uvalicu i vidjeti fora stijene na koje se možete čak popeti i skakati s veće uzvisine. Jednostavno prekrasno. Plaža doduše ima jedan nedostatak - do kasnijih popodnevnih sati nema baš hlada.
As stated in the subtitle, Bili bok is a nudist beach. If you're not into that kind of things, this surely isn't a beach for you. Even though my boyfriend and I are not nudists, this was definitely our favourite beach on Vis. It has nothing to do with it being nudist, but that has its own advantages - there are almost no people there, ever. You can really rest and get away from the crowds. The beach is situated near Rukavac. You can easily access it by car and park in the nearby with only a couple of minutes of walk to get to the beach itself. The beach is characteristics because it's basically in rocks, there is no typical pebble-like entrance and the sea is immediately deep (no shallow entrance at all) and you can just jump inside. This shades of the sea I've never seen. You swim surrounded by little fishes which aren't afraid of you because almost nobody fishes there. While inside the sea you can swim around the cove see some cool rocks on which you can even climb and jump from higher ground. The beach is just beautiful. The only disadvantage is that there are almost no shadows until later afternoon.

Ostale plaže / Other beaches

Milna
Ima još pregršt plaža na Visu i po okolnim otocima, samo nismo imali kad posjetiti sve. Neke koje bih još predložila i spomenula su Tepluš, u Rukavcu. Lijepa plaža s kafićem, lijepim šljunčanim ulazom i stijenama za skakanje. Nalazi se u blizini Bilog boka. Pritišćina je još jedna lijepa plaža koja se sastoji od lijepe, netipične uvalice. Već sam spomenula Milnu kao mjesto i uvalu. Plaža u Milni je karakteristična po tome što se jako dugo proteže plićak pa je zgodna za piciginaše.
There are a bunch of other beaches on Vis and on the close-by islands, we just didn't have time to visit them all. Some others I would recommend visiting are Tepluš in Rukavac. It's a really nice beach with a beach bar, nice pebble entrance and rocks from which you can jump. It's located near Bili bok. Pritišćina is another pretty beach which has an unusual nice cove. I already mentioned Milna and Milna cove. The beach is characteristic because it has the shallow sea for a while so it's pretty convenient for those who like to play picigin.

Izleti / Trips

https://preview.redd.it/orpqxgqvryj51.jpg?width=1500&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=c947c29f8509ad67fb4cb38878a9f005119bf9ad
Na Visu valja posjetiti neke stvari. Ima jako puno turističkih agencija koje nude razne programe i izlete. Najpopularniji je, s punim pravom, izlet u Modru špilju. Postoje dvije varijacije ovog izleta. Prvi je da se s brodom doveze na Biševo, pogledate Modru špilju i onda idete nazad na Vis. Druga opcija je da odete na Biševo, pogledate Modru špilju i onda odete na plažu na Biševu koja se zove Porat. Porat je lijepa pješčana plaža gdje možete uživati u kristalno čistom moru i nekoliko restorana. Zbog svakodnevnih izleta i velike količine turista zna se zagužvati na plaži.
There are some trips you should make while on Vis. A lot of tourist agencies offer various programs and trips. One of the most popular ones is a trip to the Blue cave. There are two variations of this trip. First one is going to the island of Biševo, visiting the Blue cave and then going back to Vis. Or you can go to Biševo, visit the Blue cave and then go to the beach on Biševo which is called Porat. Porat is a pretty sandy beach where you can enjoy crystal clear sea and few restaurants. Because of the every-day trips and a big amount of tourists it can be a bit crowdy on the beach.
Drugi najpopularniji izlet u ponudi je izlet brodom oko otoka. Ovisno o agenciji staje se u razne uvale u kojim se onda ima neko vrijeme za kupanje. Najčešće se ide u uvalu Stiniva i na otok Budikovac gdje se nalazi plaža zvana Plava laguna i jednostavno je prekrasna. Ti izleti imaju varijacije i sigurno možete naći nešto što vam baš odgovara. Također su popularni i izleti na Palagružu i Jabuku, a postoji i tzv. "military tour" jer je Vis zapravo od 1944. do 1992. bio vojna baza. Sad je to turistička atrakcija. Osobno me to nije zanimalo, pa nisam ni išla, ali za one koja takva tematika zanima bi izlet mogao biti zanimljiv. Na otoku se još mogu vidjeti razne stare utvrde i utvrdice, u samom Visu rimske terme i teatar. To ne čudi s obzirom na to da Vis ima bogatu povijest koja seže još u starogrčka naseljavanja.
The second most popular trip you can find on Vis is a trip with a boat around the island. Depending on the agency, you make a stop in various coves around the island where you can take a swim. Most common ones are Stiniva cove and island called Budikovac. On Budikovac you can find a beach called Blue lagoon and it is stunning. These trips have a lot of variety and I'm sure everyone can find something that suits them. Trips to Palagruža island and Jabuka island (the smallest island in Croatia) are also popular. One other tour Vis has to offer is a military tour. Vis was a military base from 1944 to 1992 and now these military locations are turned into a tourist attraction. Personally I'm not into that kind of stuff so I didn't go to this trip but for those who are interested in military stuff, this would be great. On the island, you can find a lot of old forts and fortresses and in Vis you can also see roman therms and theatre. This isn't a surprise since Vis has a rich history that dates all the way to Greek colonization.

Modra špilja / Blue cave

https://preview.redd.it/ptecd21uryj51.jpg?width=1500&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=d010c8d70d4cb4ceb577c4dca4ac303b7c3dcbed
Modra špilja je zapravo jedan od razloga zbog kojeg smo išli na Vis. Meni je to izgledalo apsolutno fantastično i morala sam ići vidjeti. :) Naš izlet je izgledao tako da smo se ukrcali na brod, odvezli do Biševa, iskrcali i stali u red za posjet špilji. Kad dođete na red, ukrcavate se u manji brod, dođete do destinacije i uživate. :) Naučite malo o otkriću špilje, ulazima, reflekciji sunčevih zraka koje čine špilju modrom i slično. Voljela bih da smo se zadržali unutra dulje, ali voljela bih i da smo se mogli okupati jer zbilja izgleda prekrasno. Također, zbog te reflekcije kad stavite ruku u more ona izgleda srebrnkasto, pa tako i generalno sve uronjeno. Ovakvih prirodnih ljepota zbilja nema svuda, a špilja opravdava svoju popularnost. Htjela sam i opet ići.
Blue cave is one of the reasons we actually went to Vis. To me, this natural occurrence looks absolutely fantastic and I just had to see it. :) Our trip started in Komiža by boarding on a boat, going to Biševo island. We departed the ship, waited in line to go to another smaller ship which took us to the destination. You learn a bit about the finding of the cave, entrances, reflection of the sunbeams that make the cave blue and similar. I would wish we were able to stay inside longer but then again I also wish we could have taken a swim inside because it really looks beautiful. Also, because of the reflection in the cave, if you put your hand inside the sea (or any object really) it will look silverish. This kind of natural beauties cannot be found just anywhere and it's clear why the cave is so popular. I wanted to go again.

Restorani / Restaurants

https://preview.redd.it/b7l4cjxuryj51.jpg?width=1500&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=4efbda8c02697d0a799d126eda5b6c501ab0bad5
Gastronomija je nezaobilazni dio godišnjeg odmora, ali s obzirom na paprene cijene u većini restorana i činjenici da smo baš zbog toga uzeli apartman s kuhinjom, nismo zalazili u njih previše. Prvu večer smo zbog viška umora i manjka volje otišli u Pizzeriu Charlie gdje je dečko pojeo solidnu mješanu pizzu iz krušne peći, a ja ne baš tako bogatu paštu. Cijene su veće nego što smo navikli u Zagrebu. Još smo se odlučili počastiti jednu večer u ribljem restoranu a najpopularniji su bili restorani Bako, Barba i Jastožera, locirani uz obalu, svi jedni pored drugog. :D Za malo jeftiniju večeru možete se zaputiti u Konobu Robinzon koja zbilja ima pristupačnije cijene, a preporučila nam ga je lokalna tetica. Inače su izgleda na Visu jako popularni jastozi, velika je pomama za njima, a navodno ih ima jako malo.
Gastronomy is an unavoidable part of any holiday, but because of the spicy prices in most of the restaurants, we mostly stuck to our little kitchen in the apartment. The first evening we were very tired to we visited Pizzeria Charlie, where my bf had a solid pizza and I had a not so impressive pasta. Prices were a bit higher than what we are used to in Zagreb. We wanted to treat ourselves to a fish dinner in a restaurant one evening and most popular restaurants were Bako, Barba and Jastožera which are located on the coast, all next to each other. For a little cheaper dinner you can go to Konoba Robinzon where prices are more affordable. It was recommended to us by a local auntie. Also, lobsters are apparently very popular on Vis, there is a big demand for them and not a lot of them around.
Cijene u malim dućanima su u mjestima tipa Komiža skuplje (npr. 24 kn kila limuna), ali postoji Tommy Maximarket na brzoj cesti između Visa i Komiže i tamo se mogu nabaviti namirnice po normalnim cijenama. Ako želite nešto nabrzaka pojesti, postoji nekoliko pekara Kolderaj na otoku i svi imaju bogatu ponudu peciva, što lisnatih, što dizanih tijesta. Tamo možete probati i Komišku pogaču koja je specifična dakako za Komižu.
Prices in small stores in places like Komiža are a bit higher (e.g. 1 kg of lemon is 24HRK=3.20EUR), but there is Tommy Maximarket on the fast road between Vis and Komiža where you can buy stuff for normal prices. If you want a quick bite to eat, there are few bakeries called Kolderaj on the island and they have a rich offer of pastries and bread. You can also try Komižian pie there, which is, of course, specific for Komiža.

Ostalo / Miscellaneous

https://preview.redd.it/nho2zkkbuyj51.jpg?width=1500&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=3c106ae3058a8d0a56e715e3a2f0173962ddcdbe
Ne znam ni sama što bih još napisala. Imala sam jako pozitivna iskustva na Visu. Ljudi su dragi, uvijek voljni odgovoriti turistima na pitanja, pokazati pravi smjer i dati generalni savjet. Sigurna sam da će svaka osoba na Visu naći nešto što će ju oduševiti. Bilo to skrivene i teško pristupljive plaže koje nude mir i tišinu, prirodne ljepote, povijest i rustikalnost otoka ili raznolikost izleta i atrakcija. Čak će i ljubitelji vina moći uživati jer unutrašnost otoka ima bogate vinograde. Ako vam je odlazak autom preskup, iznajmite skutere kako bi mogli vidjeti baš sve. Pazite se skupih restorana i morskih ježeva koji ima zaista jako puno. Posjetite Vis, nećete požaliti. 💙
I don't even know what else should I mention. I had very positive experiences in Vis. People are kind, always ready to answer tourist questions, show the right way or give a piece of general advice. I'm sure every person will find something in Vis that will simply amaze them. If it's the hidden and harder to approach beaches that offer peace and silence, natural beauties, history and rustic ambience the island offers or diversity of trips and attractions. Even wine lovers will be able to enjoy themselves because the island is filled with vineyards. If a trip by car is a bit too pricey, rent a scooter so you could visit and see everything. Tread lightly around expensive restaurants and sea urchins since there are a lot of them. Visit Vis - you won't regret it. 💙
submitted by DelusionalMuffin to croatia [link] [comments]


2020.08.26 03:52 StarTutors We're back up and running! Let's do this!! Free, comprehensive, day-by-day prep plan to to help get ready for the September 12th and September 19th ACT exams. First day of the prep plan is today! 📷

Sorry for the hassle with this everyone, but please find below the comprehensive day-by-day ACT study plan for the September 12th and September 19th ACT exams. We are going to leave the Google Doc available as well, so if you have the link to that, you the same stuff below is also posted in the Google Doc! Let us know how else we can help, and as always, keep up the hard work!

Hi ACT -
We had a few students ask about a detailed day-by-day study plan leading into the September exams, so we have posted that plan below!
Please note that in order to maximize your score, there needs to be a balance between studying efficiently vs. studying and getting overwhelmed. For this reason, plan for 2 days of breaks each week. When completing the lessons, try to spend 2 hours of good, solid work and then be done for the rest of the day. Don't have your phone or computer next to you, which makes a 2-hour study session turn into a 5-hour study session 😃 .
When completing the free lessons on the StarU app that are mentioned below, the goal is to get to a point where you answer all of the practice questions from each lesson correctly and know why you answered them correctly. To access each free lesson, just click ACT on the home screen of the app, then click the desired section, and finally, the desired lesson chapter (each lesson chapter has practice questions associated with the lesson). You can track your results for each lesson and practice questions in the "Results" tab in the bottom right-hand corner of the app.
If you have already taken a practice test, you can plug-in your answers to one of our advanced score reports, which details every question type found on the ACT! The question types listed in the far right-hand column of the score report then correspond to the free lesson chapters within the app. Using all of these free resources, we recommend taking the following steps in accordance with the day-to-day study plan listed below:
  1. Take a test
  2. Plug-in your answers to the corresponding advanced score report for your test
  3. Figure out which question types you missed
  4. Read the free ACT and SAT content in the StarU app (written and edited by current ACT and SAT tutors)
  5. Then, do the corresponding practice questions in the app, which correspond to what you just read and studied.
  6. Finally, repeat the process with a new test form!
**Please note that if you are already scoring 30+ on one section of the exam and would like to dedicate more time to another section with a lower score, we recommend reviewing the 30+ section but maybe not spending as much time on that section as listed below (for whatever section that might be).

Free Resources Needed to Complete the Prep Plan:
**Please note that if you are already scoring 30+ on one section of the exam and would like to dedicate more time to another section with a lower score, we recommend reviewing the 30+ section but maybe not spending as much time on that section as listed below (for whatever section that might be).


Day-by-day Study Plan for September 12th and September 19th Exams:
Monday, August 24th - Today
Tuesday, August 25th
Wednesday, August 26th
Thursday, August 27th
Friday, August 28th
Saturday, August 29th
Sunday, August 30th
Monday, August 31st
Tuesday, September 1st
Wednesday, September 2nd
Thursday, September 3rd
Friday, September 4th
Saturday, September 5th
Sunday, September 6th
Monday, September 7th
Tuesday, September 8th
Wednesday, September 9th
Thursday, September 10th
Friday, September 11th
Saturday, September 12th
Sunday, September 13th
Monday, September 14th
Tuesday, September 15th
Wednesday, September 16th
Thursday, September 17th
Friday, September 18th
Saturday, September 19th
As always, we hope all of this helps all of ACT crush it on test day! We are here to help when you need us, and thanks for all of your hard work.
Star Tutors
P.S Sorry if there are any errors with links or dates above. If you see an error, please comment below, and we will make sure to correct it!
submitted by StarTutors to ACT [link] [comments]


2020.07.28 18:06 throwaway-0410 A Comprehensive Timeline of EvaX

I've been seeing a lot of posts asking for this. To the best of my ability I'll list what I've found with evidence. I'm addressing Alex Mahan as "EvaX" instead of "YanDev" because I don't think it's very accurate to call him a developer.
Important note: I don't condone the harassment of Alex Mahan. While it is fine to be outraged over his behavior, harassment of any kind is not encouraged. The purpose of this post is to bring to light the morally inept behaviors that have been expressed throughout the years, not to create reasons to harass Mahan.
About CannotGoogleMe: There is now proof beyond reasonable doubt (99%) that confirms CannotGoogleMe is EvaX. Subject is under 2015.
Lastly, if I'm missing any information or if someone would like to make a better timeline, feel free to take from this post or build off of it- you can copy-paste! The goal is to make a comprehensive list to get the facts straight so that everyone is better informed.
The notes about his age is to prevent any arguments about his age ("he was only a teen when he wrote that!"), and to give a better example of... is this a good reflection of how an ___ aged man should behave? Also provided as a DEFENSE for EvaX himself (as seen in "ideation of killing his parents) as he is speculated to only be 16.
(Please comment any info/evidence I'm missing instead of messaging me)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Under Construction /Ambiguous dates / Misc.
Ideation of killing his parents (2000's- unknown date)
EvaX has been known to be a frequenter of sites like Gaia and 4chan. He posted about wanting to kill his parents; someone advised him to move out but he didn't want to as he was a dependent. While this is worrisome behavior, the speculated time of the post places EvaX to be in his late teens (most likely 16?), so it's not quite relevant to his behavior now besides building a background of repeated behavior and an unstable/ dangerous mindset.
Abusing Stream Watchers
Called a person an a*tistic little b*tch in a stream. Unfortunately it was deleted and I cannot find any evidence of it (if found I'll put it here), but this was also part of the stream that was captured by a kiwi before being deleted (speculated to have occurred on 2009 or 2015, based on the dates, making EvaX ~21 or 27).
Master Post of stolen assets
Link
Unprofessional Interactions Compilation
Link
Mulberry
YanSim's main artist has some allegations against her for tracing art. Not a callout for her, just that it means there are stolen images/ traced art in the game, and I'm not sure if people want to support that.
Spaghetti Code
A very long video that does a good job in covering the code. The video is segmented if you wish to look for a specific subject, and is also in the description.
Loserz Message Board
2006-2007 (~18-19 y/o)
EvaX was part of the Loserz Message Board (Loserz webcomic forum) and has made some questionable posts and comments about women and general incel thoughts. Most of his activity were in 2006-2007 (18-19 y/o), so hold these against him with consideration of his age.
Playing a Porn Game with an Underaged Character
2006 (~18 y/o)
EvaX frequented a forum to guide him on a game called Rapelay, a pornographic game centered around sexually assaulting a mother and her two daughters, one of whom is underaged. While the forum has no pictures, click at your own risk due to the nature of the game.
Alleged Pastebin of EvaX addressing Streaming Abuse
EvaX has/had a private website where he streamed and interacted with people, and this is apparently a response to EvaX abusing mod powers (banning, censorship, etc.)

Volunteer Mistreatment
Many volunteers have stopped working with EvaX after harsh treatment or problematic behavior. Will be updated with more information

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2005-2012 (17- 24 y/o; "Life of a Sex Slave" was written in 2009, making him ~21 y/o).
Disturbing Fanfictions
EvaX wrote many stories, some about rape and human trafficking (sex slaves). Read at your own risk. In one of the stories, a character was 10 years old when she first experienced rape (and it goes on until her late teens).
2006 (~18 y/o; site lists as 20 but it's either wrong or EvaX forgot to update copyright)-
Name Origin / Confirmation
EvaXephon's name is a combination of Alex Mahan's favorite animes, NGE ("Eva" coming from Evangelion) and RahXephon (Xephon). EvaX has a fanmade site to compare these two animes and confirms that they are the origin of his username.
Rage tendencies
In a conversation in a forum post, EvaX mentions "rage" tendencies and that he has been forbidden from screaming to relieve stress. He mentions hitting objects and more screaming. There are more incel posts at this time.
2008 (~20 y/o)-
Incel / misogynistic Gaia Posts
EvaX confirms he is NotDepressedAnymore (the UN for most of these posts).
EvaX posts an "incel" post on Gaia where he blames his physical appearance for the lack of attention from girls ("I'm a nice friendly guy and I just want people to give me a chance [...] I guess my face makes me look like a creepy, weird guy, so no one wants to know me or be around me"). Here's a similar post. And another one. Aand another one. Aaaaaaaaand another one.
Branching off of this, EvaX has sexualized women and "creep'd" on them. In one post, he mentions staring at a girl's breasts and wonders if his creepy behavior made her cover up.
2009 (~21 y/o)
Sisefs- soliciting nudes and engaging in online sex with a minor
In a post from the victim herself, she confirms that she was in a relationship with EvaX, with EvaX KNOWING she was 14. He justified this relationship by saying that since he was homeschooled, he missed out on dating in high school. She was in MIDDLE SCHOOL.
He asked her for nudes, sexted over skype, and masturbated to her on webcam.
Here's a chatlog with a different girl; use control-f to find "sex". It's predatory. Sisefs is mentioned in the chatlog, but EvaX lies about his experience with her and her character (most importantly, that she was a minor):
" She did a bunch of bad stuff, like...she lied about her age, and she started a website to give people a place to say bad things about me, and her parents took away her Internet privileges because she was taking nude pictures of herself and sending them out to people. She sent me her nude pictures (and she sent them to like 100 other people too) and somehow, this means "EvaXephon requests child porn from minors". I deleted all of her photos as soon as I discovered that she had been lying about her age the whole time. She was not a good person at all, and I am very glad that I don't know her anymore.""
He also wrote this in context of his experience with Sisefs in 2015 (~27 y/o).
He later makes an tumblr post addressing Sisefs in 2015 (~27 y/o) and general pedophilia/ sisefs situation in 2017 (~29 y/o).
Tumblr user Wunkolo talked to EvaX about this and this was part of his response in an email.

2011-2014 (~23-26 y/o)-
"VideoGameBabes" Twitter
EvaX is confirmed to be the owner of the twitter account "VideoGameBabes". The account is centered around writing about... hot video game "babes", and while that in itself is kinda problematic, he goes beyond that by making a pedophilic comment- "Japan has produced yet another game about fondling underage anime girls. All praise to glorious Japan!"

2014 (~26 y/o)-
Luna Scythe / Skullgirl Programmer Rant
EvaX worked on a hack-and-slash called Lunar Scythe, and he posted it to a skullgirls forum. There has been criticisms from people, as the main character looks like a generic edgy girl (and bears similarity to Ruby?) and has an overly "sexy" vibe. The description of the game literally says
" At the beginning of the game, Luna dies. As Luna’s spirit looks down at her own body, she feels nothing but apathy. She didn’t want to live in a world filled with human filth*, anyway.* "
EvaX showed his game to Mike Z., the lead programmer of Skullgirls. Here's the pastebin transcript of when Eva X and Mike Z had a conversation about the game. He gave EvaX criticism and EvaX blew up in a later post.This is why some people have called Yandere Simulator a "Spite Game" in response to YS fans calling Love Letter the same.
Senpai's Little Sister Controversy
EvaX originally wrote Senpai's sister to be cute and innocent, but wanted to make her "lewd/ jailbaity". This is problematic because Hanako is underage. His defense was that it would make people feel less guilty about killing her.
He later states that Hanako and Senpai are only 3 months apart (same parents) when that is biologically impossible. Also controversial due to incest implications- however, this is a common trope in anime.
Unfortunately, a lot of the posts/ evidence are in yandere_simulator and that is currently in lockdown (and most likely deleted). I'll update if given pictures.

2015 (~27 y/o)-
Addressing suggestions to remove panty shots
I think the post speaks for itself. EvaX thinks people are too sensitive when they tell him to remove a feature in the game that is literally creeping on underage girls, and he wants to implement rape into a game about murdering minors?
Admits he has no formal training
The reason why his code is spaghetti is because he learned while messing around in free programs and from his experience at a company.
Existence of Sex Doll ( "Mai Waifu" character namesake )
CannotGoogleMe is confirmed to be EvaX. Controversial as it is heavily implied that EvaX has bought the doll using Patreon money, as well as naming a class 1-1 (freshman) underage character after his sex doll, placing her at around age 14-15. They have similarities, such as pink hair (which was inspired by a Momoka cosplayer EvaX saw). Forum posts start at 2012, but doll posts begin at 2015.
Click links with caution. First is the "Mai Waifu" and gets close to nudity but has spoiler tags, while the "Samus" one is less risque.

2016 (~28 y/o)-
Censorship on Yandere Simulator Wiki
While EvaX is the "dev", he doesn't have the right to remove posts on a fan-run wikia. He barged into the wiki and started removing posts and comments and got banned, then started a flame war with another user. They told him "you aren't above the rules" and EvaX starts attacking his personality and credibility (ad hominem fallacy).
Ayano in Crush Crush (A Porn Version exists)
Crush Crush is an idle dating sim, and EvaX agreed to let Ayano be made into a dateable character. It is partnered with Nutaku (a well-known adult company) and has a NSFW version (link to twitter, not the game. Safe to click). The 18+ version has a still image of the main character (a white blob) doing it with any of the dateable characters, Ayano included.
Ayano is 18* (Ayano previously was listed to be around 17, but has since been boosted to be 18). There is a classic tactic for people who draw/make/etc. porn to say that all characters depicted are 18+, even if specified otherwise. This seems like a similar case.
Sex License
In a conversation with someone EvaX addresses as "N", he talks about an idea to bypass the age of consent. EvaX did not condone "N" demonizing pedophiles, and defended his idea for a sex license- a test to see if an underage individual is ready for sex (his argument being that people have different maturities regardless of age).
" Intent on forcing me to answer a question that would allow her to brand me as a pedophile, she demanded to know if I would permit a 14-year-old to have sex with a grown man if the 14-year-old had passed the “sex license test” that I had proposed.
Well, obviously, if there’s a test that objectively proves that a person is ready for sex, and a person passes that test, then that person is objectively ready for sex. This is simple logic, but “N” lacked the mental capacity to figure this out for herself."

2016-2017 (~28-29 y/o)-
Nemesis Origin / Stolen concept
Nemesis was based off this art as stated by EvaX himself. To EvaX's credit, he did change Nemesis's hairstyle with the artist's approval, albeit the character design is still very, very similar. (In Mission Mode, it is revealed that Nemesis is Hanako from the Mission Mode alternate timeline, meaning she is underage).

2017 (~29 y/o)-
Stolen Art Used in a Video
EvaX stole multiple fanart from teenagers across some art platforms (Deviantart, tumblr, etc.), blacked them out, and used them to tease new characters. A user has made a very descriptive post about this on the wikia.
Some of these characters are from licensed video games and anime (Elsword and Durarara), so I'm concerned about the legality of using a different company's character to promote your own, even if it's through STOLEN fanart.

2018 (~30 y/o)-
Calls Patreon his Tip Jar
EvaX says the patreon is his tip jar, not the budget for the game. He SOMETIMES compensates volunteers with money from it, however. This is noteworthy as most people assume that the money they're giving him are to support the game, not buy an extra switch or a sex doll (allegedly).

2019 (~31 y/o)-
Announces crossover with Project QT (Porn Game)
Ayano is in the crossover, and EvaX defends this choice by saying "YanSim was never intended for children; my audience is mostly adults". Click the first link at your own risk. This is problematic because Ayano is underaged* (even if EvaX says "ALL CHARACTERS ARE 18 EVEN IF SPECIFIED OTHERWISE HURR DURR").

2020 (~32 y/o)-
Discord Speedrun Ban Arc
EvaX made a post addressing what happened to him in 2020, with the "Discord Speedrun Ban Arc" being the first. He states that this started on Jan 20, 2020, and on the same day he posts a tweet about suicidal ideation. Not so much as a demerit to him, but just a reflection of how he handles stressful situations and his poor state of mind. (Important note: even if you think EvaX is a terrible person, harassment is not okay).
Announces crossover with BITC (Porn Game)
Ayano and Nemesis are in the crossover. EvaX just makes a simple post announcing it. Same underage problem applies (as aforementioned, Nemesis is Hanako from another timeline, making her underaged, while Ayano had her age changed to "18").
Intimidating rival games and threatening suicide to the Dev of Love Letter
To the developer of WMN (telling him to take down the game and lie to the fanbase)
and to the developer of Love Letter (suicide threat)
Puts discord server and subreddit on lockdown; censorship
No description needed.

submitted by throwaway-0410 to Osana [link] [comments]


2020.07.25 09:31 mygt_nskoil Techno Power моторное масло, Techno Power трансмиссионное масло (Техно п...

Friends, hello everyone. We continue our series of videos about Japanese and pseudo-Japanese oils. Today we have the Techno Power brand next in line. Who is doing? Where do they do it? Japan or not? My name is Anton Voronkov and you are on the MYGTAUTO channel. Frankly, I didn't know from Techno Power before. I was asked to know about him by my subscribers. So: About company: Techno Power is owned by a Japanese company - Empire (https://www.empire.co.jp/) This is a typical Japanese wholesale structure - a trading house. Quite old, dates back to 1913 - it was once called Oasis and was engaged in spare parts for Ford cars, in 1939 it was renamed Empire Motor Co., Ltd. and with this name continues to function to this day. It does not have its own production facilities. He orders absolutely all products under his own brands from third-party manufacturers both domestically and abroad. ... About Techno Power oil: Let's get back to our oil. As you understand, motor and transmission oils for the Empire trading house are not the main product. I talked with people who are directly related to the Techno Power brand, in particular with Mikhail, who is responsible for brand development in Russia. By the way, Misha thank you very much for the information provided. He helped me with TDS and SDS on products. I also learned a thing or two about this brand about people who work in Japan itself, so I believe that I have collected the information objectively.
Related links: Empire website: http://www.empire.co.jp/export/technopowemotor-oil/ Japanese blog that mentions Techno Power https://minkara.carview.co.jp/search/?q=empire+motor+techno+power Same blog: https://nafco-online.com/products/detail.php?product_id=20217754 https://minkara.carview.co.jp/userid/2769841/ca2362761/9152329/parts.aspx More Japanese shops https://kakaku.com/item/S0000849126/

TechnoPower oil # TechnoPowerbuy # TechnoPowersite

In general, the Techno Power brand is in Japan and has been sold there for a long time. When I visited Japanese shops and the service station, I did not run into it, but this is not strange either. it is not very common and also not very popular among the Japanese. Among the big three largest car networks hypermarkets AUTOBAСS, YELLOW HAT and UP Garage - the Techno Power brand appeared only in UP Garage - here is the link: https://www.upgarage.com/service/ja/stock?msidx=1&keyword=techno%20power Techno Power is a very inexpensive brand for Japan - here are the links with price examples: https://nafco-online.com/products/detail.php?product_id=20217754 https://minkara.carview.co.jp/userid/517398/ca755607/4093356/parts.aspx https://minkara.carview.co.jp/userid/761733/ca1900850/8171350/parts.aspx https://www.bestjapan.ru/auction/item_w401758440.html at auction 5w30 20 approximately 6000 More Japanese shops It is one of the most inexpensive inside Japanese brands. At the level of cheap oils like Scoop or Vintage, which are produced by AUTOBACS order. The Techno Power brand comes to Russia through the Ussuriysk company Little Japan, which is its importer.
Factories (where and who does): Now about the most important thing. Which factories directly produce the Techno Power brand. These are the three main structures that are well known to us from the previous videos: Casmo, Idemitsu and Shin Nihon Sekiyu Kabushiki are one of the divisions of JXTG NIPPON. Idemitsu makes ATF and CVT transmission, Cosmo makes DH, etc. I will not dwell on what kind of product which plant makes. If anyone is interested, I can throw off the SDS.
In Russia, the Techno Power brand is very difficult to buy. I managed to do it through EMEX - which I try to never get involved with at all. Now we are working on introducing this brand into our range. If we come to a consensus on the pricing policy and the condition with the importer, then by the end of the year he will be on sale with us. The brand, although not premium, is really Japanese, and this is now a rarity.
Anticipating questions like, - Why is it so cheap if it makes Idemitsu, Cosmo and JX? Yes, because these manufacturers can make a product of any price level - from super economy to premium. In addition, the trading houses themselves regulate the pricing policy of their brands, and the final price of a product with the same parameters directly depends on the greed of the person who sells it.
That's all. Hope you found this video helpful. Anton Voronkov was with you. Our phone 8800 550 5722 Free for everyone in Russia. Anton_MYGT 2020

ANTON_MYGT

Subscribe to our channel, like, click on the bell so as not to miss the latest videos. And support our new channel with a subscription, where we post short one-minute videos with descriptions and characteristics of original Japanese, European, Korean and American oils. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCMKlx54VGdiANc5ywRSn9JA
submitted by mygt_nskoil to u/mygt_nskoil [link] [comments]


2020.07.24 21:45 k2900 An unsent letter

I just need a place to write.
I felt relatively ok a couple of days this week. I've been busy. But here I am on a Friday evening feeling lost and alone. I miss you.
I often said and felt like a relationship is always worth it in the end because the good times. They can never be taken away. And yet they mean nothing, now, in the present. Because all the good times together have culminated in this feeling of loss and worry about the future.
I chatted to some people on these online dating apps. It feels so impossible to connect with anyone. You were one of a kind. You are one of a kind. Or maybe you were just the kind that works for me.
You were non-judgemental and open-minded. That worked for me. The overly religious types or militant atheists don't work for me.
Although we had some hard times, we communicated. You talked. I remember the time you drove all the way to my place at night just to make sure we could talk something out. I remember getting upset with you because you weren't problem solving and finding solutions. And that brings me to the next point.
You took things to heart. You improved yourself and how you approach things. That works for me. It amazed me that you would write out your goals list, or read a book to try to solve the problem. The way you tried so hard towards the end was inspiring. Because I saw a part of me in that. That undying will to keep going. To solve the problem. To try what it takes even if it scared you. Courage.
Your empathy is unique. The times I got mad was so brief because you were so in-tune to other people's emotions. You immediately got so sorry and apologetic and I hated to see that, but that is what makes you a great person.
You were the first person I was truly myself with. I mean truly. The "helicopter". My childhood room. Things I would have taken to my grave. You were the first person I fully trusted. I never thought I would open up to that extent. You were the first person I went on holiday with. I really thought we could spent a life together.
There have been a few times I've been angry in the past... few weeks? I don't know how long it's been. Because I felt kind of swindled. I really didn't see this coming. We entered the relationship without dealbreakers. And so that's why I feel blindsided. But here I am. Tonight. After many weeks of thinking I'm healing, I'm here feeling the pain of the love I have for you aching with no place to direct it.
I wonder how you're doing. What you think of me. If you actually sent my book back. That fucking book. I will probably be wondering for a few more months if it will ever arrive in the mail. I've finally learned the lesson from my mom. The memory is vague. So vague I can't remember if it is actually a memory or some kind of made up de ja vous. But I feel like somehow she taught me that people rarely return books or take forever to return them. Never again am I lending someone a book. It seems so silly. I've devoted a whole paragraph to this. But you saw how teriffied I was of leaving stuff at each others place. Joking that you must take your hair clips home. Maybe not so much of a joke.
And this has proven it. No matter what there is always the opportunity to be blindsided. And my OCD kicks in when the breakup happens and things are not in order. My last relationship I let her keep the damn book. This one I wanted it back. I felt like I lost a part of me, but the least I could do is try to get my book back. Two paragraphs now on the damn book. Either way. I'll give it another month and then buy myself another copy. I'll feel less annoyed then.
These last two paragraphs have ruined my heartfelt letter. Now it feels stupid.
I also wanted you to know that although I've been struggling a bit with alcohol, I never got drunk. Just a bit too frequent. But the ban has helped. I'll get through it. I've also been learning about stoicism. I'm not sure if I'm on board with it but their idea is to embrace pain and suffering. Sounds good in theory but can it be done? I'll need to learn more. There are stoic meditations as well I think.
Well this was kind of nice. Although I'm talking to myself here its almost the same as having a great conversation with someone else. Even an imaginary conversation with you is better than most other ones.
If we were still together right now we would probably be having coffee on your stoep tomorrow morning.
That reminds me. I managed to get my money back for the present I got you. It was a notepad that I designed myself. It was just black and white. The font was elegant. It had your name at the top. And 3 words separated by fullstops underneath. Gorgeous. Intelligent. Elegant. Or something like that. That wasn't it. Mickey in the top right corner. Something else in the top left. I can't remember now. And then the pooches at the bottom. It would have been nice to have seen how it turned out.
Anyway I am done for the evening.
I was going to end this with xoxo GossipGirl and then I realised I'm not actually talking to you, this is reddit and then they'll think I'm a chick. And so this paragraph kind of broke the 4th wall in text format. Interesting. Breaking the 4th wall is when in a play or movie the actors talk to the audience.
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Exploring the Boundaries of Environmental and State-Corporate Crime in Bolivia, Peru, and Mexico(self) 1 [Book] International Human Rights Law (3rd edn) Edited by Daniel Moeckli - Oxford University Press(self) 4 [Book] Participatory Heritage, Edited by Henriette Roued-Cunliffe , Andrea Copeland(self) 4 [BOOK] Political Representation in Southern Europe and Latin America Before and After the Great Recession and the Commodity Crisis - André Freire, Mélany Barragán, Xavier Coller, Marco Lisi, Emmanouil Tsatsanis(self) 4 [BOOK] Latin America and Policy Diffusion From Import to Export - Osmany Porto de Oliveira, Cecilia Osorio Gonnet, Sergio Montero, Cristiane Kerches da Silva Leite(self) 0 [Book] Sexual behaviour in Britain: The National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (1994)(self) 1 [book] Studien zur Hirnpathologie und Psychologie - Pick, Arnold(self) 4 [Other] Special Issue, Blockchain innovation and public policy, Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy: Volume 9 Issue 2(self) 4 [BOOK] baby jails: the fight to end the incarceration of refugee children in america/ jstor account??(self) 1 [Journal] Special Issue: Blockchain innovation and public policy, Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, Volume 9, Issue 2(self) 1 [Book] Blackstone's EU Treaties and Legislation 2019-2020 (20th ed)(self) 3 [article] Deep Graph Kernels(self) 5 [Book] Routledge Handbook of the South Asian Diaspora - By Joya Chatterji, David Washbrook(self) 4 [Book] Growth and distribution(self) 1 [BOOK] The Radical Left in Europe in the Age of Austerity - Babak Amini(self) 4 [Book] Political Myth by Christopher Flood (Routledge) (2002)(self) 2 [Article] Robotic Assisted Radical Cystectomy vs Open Radical Cystectomy: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis + Niranjan J Sathianathen et al(self) 1 [Book] Folk Art Potters of Japan Beyond an Anthropology of Aesthetics (Routledge) by Brian Moeran(self) 1 [book] Revolution: How the Bicycle Reinvented Modern Britain(self) 5 [BOOK] Radical Left Movements in Europe - Magnus Wennerhag, Christian Fröhlich, Grzegorz Piotrowski(self) 4 [BOOK] Party System Change, the European Crisis and the State of Democracy - Marco Lisi(self) 5 [BOOK] Routledge Handbook of Contemporary European Social Movements. Protest in Turbulent Times - Cristina Flesher Fominaya, Ramon A. Feenstra(self) 4 [Book] Attorney-Client Privilege in International Arbitration(self) 1 [Article] An Alternative Ontology of Food Beyond Metaphysics by Lisa Heldke. Published in Radical Philosophy Review, Vol 15, Issue 1, 2012(self) 1 [Book] Bello, Walden 2005 Dilemmas of Domination: The Unmaking of the American Empire. Zed Books, 2005.(self) 1 [Article] Owning the PastOwning the Past Reply to Stokes(self) 1 [Article] Owning the PastOwning the Past Reply to Stokes(self) 1 [Book] McQuire, Scott. Crossing the Digital Threshold. Brisbane: Australian Key Centre for Cultural and Media Policy, Faculty of Humanities, Griffith University, 1997.(self) 3 [Book] Request: Migration and the Refugee Dissensus in Europe: Borders, Security and Austerity by Nicos Trimikliniotis.(self) 9 [Article] Masculinity in videogames: the gendered gameplay of Silent Hill(self) 1 [BOOK] 'Truth games : lies, money, and psychoanalysis' by John Forrester, Harvard University Press, 2000(self) 1 [Book] Osterloh, Jörg, und Clemens Vollnhals. NS-Prozesse Und Deutsche Öffentlichkeit: Besatzungszeit, Frühe Bundesrepublik Und DDR.(self) 2
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2020.07.13 20:21 LearningIsListening A not-so-brief rundown of letters G-I in Jeffrey Epstein's 'Black Book'

Below is a rundown of letters G-I of Epstein's contacts. Last year, I wrote about letters A-C. You can check that out here (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/cpis3n/a_brief_rundown_of_the_first_ten_pages_of_jeffrey/).
I also wrote about letters D-F on July 5, 2020. You can check that out here (https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/hlrba8/a_notsobrief_rundown_of_letters_df_in_jeffrey/). There are some misspelled names. Epstein entered their names like this.
I have bolded some of the more interesting connections and information, but there could be much more that I overlooked. I hope something here strikes an interest in someone and maybe we can get more investigations out of this. Please, if you know anything more about any of these people than what is presented here, post below. I am working off of the unredacted black book found here: https://www.coreysdigs.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/Jeffrey-Epsteins-Little-Black-Book-unredacted.pdf
G-I
Gaetani, Gelasio: Count Gelasio Gaetani comes from one of the oldest families in Rome. The Gaetani (also known as Caetani) family has produced 3 popes, including Pope Boniface VIII. Gelasio is a wine specialist and vineyard owner who helps celebrities buy the most unique bottles of wine throughout the world.
Gaetani, Rufreido: Roffredo Gaetani was an Italian count, prince, and duke who died in a car crash in 2005. Roffredo came to the public’s attention when he dated Ivana Trump in the 1990s. Brother of Gelasio.
Gallman, Kuki: Kuki Gallmann is a best-selling author (5 of her books were global best sellers), poet, environmental activist, and conservationist. Owns a 98,000 acre cattle ranch in Kenya with her husband, which she turned into a conservation park.
Ganero, Mario Jr.: Where do we even begin? Mario Garnero is a Brazilian banker and entrepreneur who has been deemed the “father of the ethanol car” and is the chairman of the board and primary shareholder of Brasilinvest Group, a banking firm worth $700 million. Garnero’s connections run extremely deep. He is/has been personal friends with Jacob Rothschild, David Rockefeller, Bill Clinton, George H. W. Bush, Gerald Ford, Ronald Reagan, Henry Kissinger, Helmut Schmidt, and many others. The following website makes some startling connections between Garnero, Epstein, and others (source: https://aeltri.com/2019/02/12/john-of-god-mario-garnero-and-epstein/). Quick summary: Record producer Damon Dash (former co-founder of Roc-A-Fella Records with Jay-Z) allegedly raped a supermodel who worked for Naomi Campbell at a party thrown by Garnero (source: https://www.standard.co.uk/news/poshs-friend-sued-for-rape-6939248.html).
Garnero has been referred to as a “Rothschild pawn” who tried to help Aecio Neves rise to power. Garnero also appointed “George Soros frontman, Arminio Fraga, who worked in Soros’ Quantum Fund, as Minister of the Economy.”
Ganoza, Esteban Juan: A Peruvian businessman who said he met Maxwell in the 1980s when he lived in New York, but denied any ties to pedophilia when his contact information was revealed to be in Epstein’s ‘Black Book.’
Garcia, Ludmila: No info found.
Gardner. Adam: No info found.
Garland, Michael: Likely the Chairman of investment firm C5 Capital, located in London.
Garson, Jeremy: Likely refers to the lawyer who is a partner at Herbert Smith Freehills who specializes in large-scale international commercial disputes. Not completely positive, though.
Gaspar, Nacho: Not sure. Could be a number of Ignazio Gaspars, all of whom are businessmen.
Gaul, Harriett: Harriett Jagger is a fashion stylist and former fashion director of Tatler, a fashion magazine owned by Conde Nast (parent company of Vogue, GQ, etc.), which has come up several times during my investigations, and Harpers. She had a daughter with property dealer Simon Gaul, the Godson of Prince Rainier of Monaco.
Geary, Tim: Served in public relations and was Director of Membership at Soho House, a restaurant and private members club. Billionaire Ron Burkle owns 60% of Soho House. Burkle, along with Bill Clinton, Chris Tucker, Kevin Spacey, travelled to Africa for an anti-poverty, anti-AIDs tour on Epstein’s Lolita Express. Nothing fishy there.
Gelardin, Jack: No info found. The address listed is located in Chelsea, London, and sold for over 5 million pounds in 2013.
German-Ribon, Catriona: Catriona Blampied (nee German-Ribon) is the Managing Partner, Founder, and Owner of talent agency Procure Worldwide & Procure Digital since 2016. Worked as Managing Director at Platinum Rye Entertainment, another talent agency, before that.
Gertler, Eric: A venture capitalist who served as Chairman of U.S. News & World Report, a media company most known for publishing news, consumer advice, and rankings ranging from education (top universities, high schools, etc.) to job professions, healthcare, and too many others to mention. In 2019, Governor Andrew Cuomo nominated Gertler to serve as President and CEO of Empire State Development, New York’s chief economic agency. In Epstein’s ‘Black Book,’ Privista is listed under Gertler’s name. Privista is a company that protects against identity theft. Gertler was President and CEO.
Getty, Mark: Co-founder and Chairman of Getty Images, a photographic conglomerate. If you have ever surfed the Internet, you have seen several pictures/images belonging to Getty Images. From 2008-2016, Getty was the Chairman of the Trustees of the National Gallery in London. Grandson of Jean Paul Getty Sr., founder of Getty Oil Company, and one of the richest men in the world during his time. The Getty Family has a net worth north of $5 billion as of 2015.
Getty, Pia and Chris: Pia Getty is the daughter of billionaire Robert Warren Miller, an American-born British businessman and founder of Duty Free Shops. Pia’s sisters are Princess Alexandra von Furstenberg of designer fame and Maria-Chantal, Crown Princess of Greece, Princess of Denmark. Her ex-husband (1992-2005), Christopher, is Mark Getty’s first cousin. Christopher is also the grandson of Jean Paul Getty Sr. When they were married, Pia and Mark would hold A-list parties on the rooftop of their Manhattan townhouse. Their townhouse was located half a mile from Jeffrey Epstein’s mansion. Many people think that the Getty Museum in Los Angeles houses an underground base and city for the elites.
Gibbs, Emma: Former girlfriend of Prince Andrew. Gibbs was introduced to Prince Andrew by her good friend, Ghislaine Maxwell. Gibbs worked as a PR consultant.
Gibson, Caroline: Likely to be the award-winning freelance copywriter and content writer who has worked on a number of high-profile advertisements.
Gilifilan, Andrew: Managing Director of Europe, the Middle East, and Africa for Cambridge University Press. Retired in 2012.
Gillford, Lord & Lady: Lord Gillford is Patrick Meade, the 8th Earl of Clanwilliam. He is a businessman who is on the board of Soma Oil & Gas Holdings and Eurasia Drilling Company, where he served as Chairman. Eurasia Drilling Company is owned by Russian billionaire oligarch, Alexander Dzhaparidze and billionaire Alexander Putilov.
Gilmour, Andrew & Emma: Gilmour is a diplomat for the UN who has spoken out strongly against Israel’s treatment of Palestinians. Gilmour’s father, Sir Ian Gilmour, served as a minister in Margaret Thatcher’s first cabinet. Emma Gilmour (nee Williams) is a physician and author.
Ginsberg, Gary: Former Executive VP of Global Marketing and Corporate Affairs at Rupert Murdoch’s News Corp, the fourth-largest media group in the world prior to splitting in 2013. Ginsberg was a close confidant of Rupert Murdoch and Peter Chernin while at News Corp. Ginsberg also served in the Clinton Administration at the White House Counsel’s Office and Department of Justice. Ginsberg has brokered meetings between Rupert Murdoch and the Clintons, as well as Obama. Ginsberg is currently on the Board of Directors of New Visions for Public Schools, which designs course curricula for students in NYC. New Visions supports many schools, impacting 230,000 students (source: https://newyorkschooltalk.org/2019/07/at-new-visions-for-public-schools-its-all-about-continuous-school-improvement-hows-that-going/). Their Networks for School Improvement Initiative is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. New Visions also has ties to the Carnegie Foundation, which donates millions of dollars in grants (source: https://www.carnegie.org/grants/grants-database/grantee/new-visions-for-public-schools-inc/#!/grants/grants-database/grant/312395808.0/). Ginsberg is also a friend of and speechwriter for Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu.
Gittis, Howard: Gittis (1934-2007) was an attorney and adviser to billionaire businessman Ron Perelman. He worked at MacAndrews & Forbes, an investment firm owned by Perelman. In 1995, Perelman hosted a dinner with Bill Clinton, Jeffrey Epstein, Clinton college friend Arnold Paul Prosperi, Don Johnson, Jimmy Buffett, and Don Fowler, who was the co-chairman of the DNC. More on Perelman later.
Giussani, Luca: President, CEO of Dorial Telecom, Inc., a telecommunications company.
Glanville, Mary: A philanthropy consultant who spent years in TV, Glanville also worked as a PR contact for the Bonita Trust which donated £100,000 to the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) back in 2009 to “update its ChildLine technical infrastructure and purchase essential equipment so that more children can get help from its ChildLine service” (source: https://www.prweb.com/releases/2009/07/prweb2625274.htm). Glanville was the author of that PR statement.
Glass, Charlie: Could possibly be Charles Glass, author, publisher, and journalist that specializes in the Middle East, but I cannot confirm.
Glentworth, Edmund & Emily: Edmund Pery is the 7th Earl of Limerick and was formerly known as Viscount Glentworth. He worked in British government until becoming director of Deutsche Bank. Emily is Edmund’s wife.
Goess, Pilar: A countess and Austrian-American model who posed for Playboy. Goess died in 1999 from a brain tumor.
Goldberg, Ellen: President of Santa Fe Institute, an organization in New Mexico that hosts faculty consisting of Nobel Laureates, members of the National Academy of Sciences, and MacArthur fellows. Goldberg is also a research professor in the Department of Biology at the University of New Mexico. Dr. Goldberg is a member of the Biology Advisory Committee of the National Science Foundation, and of the National Advisory Allergy and Infectious Diseases Council at the National Institutes of Health. Goldberg has a Ph.D. in genetics from Cornell University Medical College.
Goldsmith, Isabel: An art collector and owner of Hotel Las Alamandas in Mexico. Goldsmith is the daughter of Sir James Goldsmith, a French-British financier, tycoon, and member of the European Parliament.
Golinkin, Sandy: Former Vice President and Publisher of Lucky, a fashion and lifestyle magazine owned by Conde Nast. Has frequently been photographed with celebrities and elite at various parties.
Gomez, Thomas: Thomas Gommes is a former international corporate lawyer.
Gomme, William & Emma: William Gomme is a former director of several furniture manufacturing companies in London. Emma is his wife.
Gordon, Jacobo: Spanish businessman who co-founded several real estate and gaming companies with Alejandro Agag. Agag is a former politician in Spain. He became Secretary General of the European People’s Party (EPP), a tremendous political faction in Europe. Agag played a huge role in getting former Italy PM Silvio Berlusconi’s party into the EPP. Berlusconi has been charged for underage prostitution in the past. Agag quit politics to pursue financial and sporting interests. He is married to the daughter of Jose Maria Aznar, the former PM of Spain and Ana Botella Serrano, the first female mayor of Madrid. Guests at Agag’s wedding included kings and queens. Berlusconi and Tony Blair served as witnesses.
Gore, Juliet: The only Juliet Gore I found is the co-director of Neuro Orthopaedic Institute out of Australia. Doesn’t feel right.
Gottlieb, Steve: A music executive who discovered Nine Inch Nails, Pitbull, Sevendust, and Ja Rule. He has served on the boards of Napster and Musicmatch. He is currently CEO of Shindig, a Zoom-like platform for people to meet each other online.
Goulandris, Dimitri: Founder of The Cycladic Group, which invests and creates businesses. Spent 8 years at Morgan Stanley in its private equity group. Goulandris is the Executive Director and a Board Member for Knightsbridge Schools, which has 3 schools (KSI Montenegro [a boarding school], KSI Bogota, and KSI Panama), all of which are primary/secondary schools for students aged 2-18.
Grabau, Lorenzo: Spent seventeen years at Goldman Sachs before becoming CEO of Investment AB Kinnevik, a Swedish investment firm. He was fired less than 3 years after taking the position.
Graff, Francois: CEO of family-owned Graff, one of the world’s most notable jewellery houses. The company is worth several billion dollars. Graff has been photographed with the likes of Wilbur Ross. In 2001, there was a party celebrating the opening of a new Graff’s store. Attendees included Ghislaine Maxwell, Ivana Trump, Joan Collins, and Denise Rich (source: https://www.nytimes.com/2001/06/05/style/IHT-laurence-graff-and-his-pockets-full-of-diamonds-the-buccaneer-of.html)
Granby, David: David Charles Robert Manners is the 11th Duke of Rutland. He also goes by the Marquess of Granby. Granby is a high-profile supporter of the UK Independence Party and has hosted fundraising events at his ancestral home, Belvoir Castle. Employed Harvey Proctor, the former Conservative Parliament member who had to resign because he had sexual relations with underage male prostitutes, as his personal secretary.
Grange, Jacques: A French interior designer for the rich. Clients include Princess Caroline of Monaco, Francis Ford Coppola, Alain Ducasse, and several billionaires, to name a few.
Grant Jamie: Likely James Grant, owner of No2 Pound Street, an award-winning wine shop that specializes in British Cheese and cured meats. He and his wife previously worked at some leading hotels and restaurants.
Greece Princess Olga: Princess Olga, Duchess of Apulia (nee Princess Olga Isabelle of Greece) married her second cousin, Prince Aimone of Savoy, Duke of Apulia, in 2008. Olga’s father is first cousins with Prince Phillip (Queen Elizabeth’s wife).
Greece, MC & Pavlos: Pavlos is the eldest son of Constantine II, the last King of Greece, before the monarchy was abolished in 1973. Worked in New York as an investment portfolio manager. MC is his wife, Marie-Chantal, Crown Princess of Greece. Her father is the billionaire founder of Duty Free Shops. Her sisters, Alexandra and Pia, married into the von Furstenberg and Getty families, respectively. A dinner party was thrown for them at the Standard Hotel in 2009. There were about 12 guests there. One of those exclusive guests was Ghislaine Maxwell (source: https://wwd.com/eye/people/royal-standard-a-fete-for-princess-marie-chantal-and-prince-pavlos-2399957/)
Green, Deborah: No info found.
Green, Jeremy: Likely the former Chief Executive of Quba Property Holdings in South Africa.
Green, Judy: A New York socialite who hobnobbed with an elite crowd. She was considered Andy Warhol’s first muse. He did her photo portrait and she starred in his first movie, The Kiss. She was reportedly close with Frank Sinatra. Edgar M. Bromfman served as Best Man at her wedding to William John Green in 1964. Bromfman is the owner of Seagram, the beverage company. His daughters, Clare and Sara, were members of NXIVM, a cult that recruited women and forced them into sexual slavery.
Gregg Geordie & Katherine: Geordie Grieg is an English journalist and editor of The Daily Mail. Grieg is good friends and has been photographed partying with Ghislaine Maxwell. He is the former editor of Tatler, a Conde Nast-owned British magazine that is targeted towards the upper class and those interested in high society events. Tatler connections come up constantly in the ‘Black Book.’
Grenfell, Natasha: Daughter of Lord St Just, heir to a banking fortune and Wilbury Park mansion. Her mother was actress and one-time Tennessee Williams love interest, Maria Britneva. Natasha is a socialite who has is friends with royalty, actors, and musicians
Griffen, Ted: This is most likely screenwriter, producer, and director Ted Griffin. He has worked on The Wolf of Wall Street, Ocean’s Eleven, and Tower Heist.
Griscom, Nina: A model, socialite, TV personality, and entrepreneur who died earlier this year. Her first husband was a modeling booker for Ford Models, which I wrote about in the D-F section of Epstein’s ‘Black Book’ (link: https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/hlrba8/a_notsobrief_rundown_of_letters_df_in_jeffrey/). She went on to cheat on her next husband with sugar billionaire Pepe Fanjul, who is also mentioned in the D-F link above. Was a close friend of Blaine Trump, ex-wife of Robert Trump, Donald’s younger brother.
Gross, Pamela & Jimmy Finkelstein: James Finkelstein is the owner of The Hill, an American news website often cited here in /conspiracy. He is close with Donald Trump and Rudy Giuliani. Pamela Gross is his wife. She worked at CNN until 2017 and is close friends with Melania Trump.
Grossman Lloyd: Loyd Grossman is an British author and broadcaster best known for hosting Masterchef from 1990-2000, before it was reformatted. Also co-created Through the Keyhole, a British game show, with David Frost, who is also in Epstein’s ‘Black Book.’
Gubelmann, Marjorie: A socialite who is best known for hosting and performing as a DJ at high society parties. She has deejayed events for Bulgari, Versace, and others. She is currently the in-studio DJ for the Today with Hoda & Jenny show on NBC. Her ex-husband, Reza Raein works in oil. Guests at their wedding included Ivanka Trump, Tamara Mellon, Michael Kors, and Tory Burch.
Guccioni, Tony: Son of Penthouse creator Bob Guccione.
Gudefin, Christian: A financial advisor at Deutsche Bank, which as of Tuesday, July 7th, 2020, agreed to pay $150 million in fines because they ignored suspicious transactions made by Jeffrey Epstein (source: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/07/business/jeffrey-epstein-deutsche-bank-settlement.html?referringSource=articleShare). Gudefin is also a financial advisor at Fdx Capital LLC and Managing Partner at Confidas Capital.
Guedroltz, Solina & Nicolas: Solina is a photographer. Her father is a viscount. Nicolas is an antique Russian furniture dealer. He is a Russian prince and is of Belgian nobility through his mother’s side.
Guerini Maraldi, Alessandro: Chairman of Willis Towers Watson, a British insurance company. Guerrini-Maraldi’s name appears in the Panama Papers, which revealed the identities of many rich and powerful people who have avoided paying taxes through offshore accounts.
Guerrand-Hermes, Valesca: Socialite and ex-wife of French fashion house heir, Mathias Guerrand. Guerrand-Hermes is on the Board of Directors of the New York Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NYSPCC) (source: https://nyspcc.org/about-the-new-york-society-for-the-prevention-of-cruelty-to-children/people/). NYSPCC is a child protection agency. Photographed with Ghislaine Maxwell at the 2005 Wall Street Concert Series Benefitting Wall Street Rising at Cipriani Wall Street in New York City. You can’t make this stuff up.
Guest, Cornelia: Named Debutante of the Decade of the 1980s, Cornelia is a well-known New York socialite who comes from money. Her family made money in iron and steel and have served in British politics. In December 2015, Ghislaine Maxwell attended Cornelia’s holiday party.
Guggenheim, Barbara & Bert Flelds: Guggenheim (not part of the Guggenheim museum family) is a partner at the well-known art advisory firm, Guggenheim, Asher Associates, Inc. They have built collections for Coca Cola and Sony, as well as Tom Cruise and alleged pedophile Steven Spielberg. Epstein victim Maria Farmer once worked for Barbara at her home before meeting Epstein. Farmer got the job through Barbara’s sister, Eileen, who has been accused of being an Epstein enabler. A petition (https://www.change.org/p/david-kratz-eileen-guggenheim-must-be-removed-for-harm-she-caused-to-maria-farmer-by-jeffrey-epstein?recruiter=30424804) to have her removed as Chair of the Board of Trustees of the New York Academy of Art as a result of Maria Farmer’s allegations has over 10,000 signatures. Farmer says that Eileen Guggenheim forced her to sell a painting replicating Degas’s “The Rape” to Epstein. Two weeks after meeting Epstein and Maxwell, Guggenheim took Farmer and other art students to Epstein’s Zorro Ranch in New Mexico (source: https://news.artnet.com/art-world/epstein-ranch-art-students-1760265). Barbara’s husband, Bert Fields, is an entertainment lawyer who has represented the likes of Steven Spielberg, Bob and Harvey Weinstein, George Lucas, Michael Jackson, The Beatles, etc.
Guiness, Sabrina: Guinness comes from a long line of wealthy bankers. She had a relationship with Prince Charles in 1979. Cousin of Edward Guinness, 4th Earl of Iveagh, heir to the Guinness fortune. Edward Guinness’s wife, Lady Clare Iveagh (nee Hazell) plays a HUGE role in Epstein’s pedophilia ring. More on her later (she is listed under I for Iveagh). Her sister, Anita Guinness, was married to Amschel Rothschild until his suicide in 1996.
Guinness, Mr Hugo: An artist from the same banking family as sister Sabrina (above). Guinness has collaborated with director Wes Anderson on a number of films. Cousin of Edward Guinness, 4th Earl of Iveagh, heir to the Guinness fortune. Edward Guinness’s wife, Lady Clare Iveagh (nee Hazell) plays a HUGE role in Epstein’s pedophilia ring. More on her later (she is listed under I for Iveagh).
Guissaini, Luca: Listed above under Giussani, Luca. CEO of Dorial Telecom.
Gumberg, Ira: Chairman and CEO of JJ Gumberg Co., a high-end real estate development firm based out of Pittsburgh. Gumberg served on the Board of Mellon Financial Corporation from 1989-2007.
Guttfreund, Susan & John: Susan is a former beauty queen and notorious party thrower. Her husband, John, was CEO of Salomon Brothers, the large investment bank. He was dubbed the “King of Wall Street” by Business Week in 1985. He died in 2016.
Hahn, Dr & Mrs: Likely Carl Hahn, former head of Volkswagen.
Hall, Pippa: There are two Pippa Halls that this could possibly be. One is a movie casting director who was in charge of casting children for movies (source: https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0356002/). The other Pippa Hall is Director of Innovation and Chief Economist at the UK Intellectual Property Office (IPO). There is not enough info to determine which one is in the ‘Black Book.’
Halpern Jen: A British philanthropist, PR guru, and businesswoman. Her father was knighted by Margaret Thatcher.
Hambro, Clementine: Great-granddaughter of Winston Churchill who also served as a bridesmaid at the wedding of Prince Charles and Princess Diana when she was just five-years-old. Her father, Richard, was a British heir and investment banker. K
Hamilton, George: Famous actor who took Ghislaine Maxwell to the Epsom Derby (horse race) in 1991. Epstein has a significant amount of phone numbers listed for Hamilton.
Hammond, Dana: Socialite and heiress to the Annenberg Publishing fortune. Hammond is friends with Ghislaine Maxwell. They have been photographed together at various parties.
Handler, Sharon: International attorney who is friends with Camilla Parker-Bowles and Prince Charles. Married to John Langeloth Loeb Jr., former United States Ambassador to Denmark under Reagan.
Hanover, Ernst & chantal: Prince Ernst Hanover is the head of the royal House of Hanover. The House of Hanover has produced six British monarchs, including King George III and Queen Victoria. The current British monarchy, the Windsors, are actually of German and British descent, which is why these family trees intersect. Most notably, the House of Hanover is perhaps the most important of the Black Nobility families. There have been some fantastic threads on Reddit about the Black Nobility.
Hanson, Brook: Adopted son of British industrialist, Lord Hanson, Brook died in 2014 at the age of 50.
Hanson, Lord & Lady: British industrialist who made a fortune in the ‘80s as a Trade and Industry Secretary in close friend Margaret Thatcher’s administration. His wife, Geraldine, was a former model. They are both dead.
Hanson, The Hon Robert: British financier and eldest son of Lord Hanson. Chairman of Hanson Family Holdings, a private investment firm. In the 1980s, Robert worked as a banker at NM Rothschild & Sons before returning to his father’s company. Before getting married, Hanson dated socialite Anouska de Georgiou, who became the first British woman to accuse Jeffrey Epstein of raping her as a teenager (source: https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/how-british-teen-model-was-lured-jeffrey-epstein-s-web-n1056901). Odd that Robert Hanson, his brother Brook, and his parents would have wanted anything to do with Epstein.
Hapsburg, Marie: Royalty. Her father was Archduke Joseph Arpad of Austria and her mother, Archduchess Maria of Austria, was a Princess of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg and a member of the House of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg by birth. The Hapsburg (also called Habsburg) family is one of the most powerful and wealthiest families in Europe. The Hapsburgs are another Black Nobility family of very high prestige. I couldn’t find anything out about her husband, Raymond van der Meide. They have 7 children together.
Harvey Victoria: Ex-girlfriend of Prince Andrew, Hervey is an English model and socialite. Although her relationship with Andrew didn’t work out, she remained in his inner circle. In 2000, she attended a dinner with Prince Andrew, Bill Clinton, Donald Trump, and Jeffrey Epstein (source: https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/9844083/lady-victoria-hervey-jeffrey-epstein-too-old/). Hervey is also a friend of Ghislaine Maxwell, who introduced her to Epstein and “set her up in one of Epstein’s apartments in New York.” Hervey is the daughter of Victor Hervey, 6th Marquess of Bristol, businessman and member of the House of Lords.
Harvey-Watt, Isabelle: Director of PR for Giorgio Armani before moving on to Versace and other well-known fashion corporations.
Haslam, Nick: English interior designer and socialite. His mother was the Goddaughter of Queen Victoria. Haslam claims to have had an affair with Lord Snowdon one year before he married Princess Margaret (Queen Elizabeth’s sister), further fueling rumors of Lord Snowdon’s alleged bisexuality.
Hatkoff, Craig & Jane: Hatkoff is a real estate investor, who, along with his ex-wife, Jane Rosenthal, and Robert De Niro, founded the Tribeca Film Festival and the Tribeca Film Institute. Hatkoff has donated hundreds of thousands of dollars to the Clinton Foundation.
Hauteville, Marc de: Manages Soc Civile du Frayssinet, a real estate company based out of France. There is very little information other than this. Both of his parents appear to be members of noble families - the Hautevilles and the Cazenoves - who have historical ties to the Du Ponts.
Hay, Henry & Patricia: Henry Hay is CEO and co-founder of Centaur Properties, a large real estate firm based out of New York. Centaur’s holdings are concentrated in the most expensive neighborhoods in Manhattan.
Hayworth Reggie: Heyworth runs the 160 acre Cotswold Wildlife Park, which attracts more than 400,000 people a year. He lives in the middle of the park at the Bradwell Grove estate. .
Hazell-Iveagh, Clare: This amazing thread made by clemanueverers contains all the info you need: https://www.reddit.com/conspiracy/comments/hkk5g0/one_of_epstein_madam_ghislaine_maxwells/. Quick summary: Hazell-Iveagh helped Maxwell and Epstein procure children using her position as President of West Suffolk National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC). Click on the link. Clemanueverers did a wonderful job.
Hearn, Barry & Susan: Barry is a hugely popular English sports promoter, as is his son, Eddie, who represents some of the biggest boxers in the world. Former boxer and popular Youtuber Tyan Booth was supposedly banned immediately after posting a video connecting Epstein to Hearn. I have tried to find the video or at least a summary of what he said, but have been unsuccessful. If anyone has any info on this, please post below.
Hefner III, Bob: Founder and CEO of GHK Companies, which specializes in oil and natural gas. Founded the Robert and MeiLi Hefner Foundation which sponsors educational trips to China for outstanding high school students. His grandfather, Robert Hefner Sr., served as Mayor of Oklahoma City, was a Supreme Court Justice of Oklahoma, was a member of the executive council of the Boy Scouts of America, and was a thirty-second degree Freemason. Although I try not to engage in speculation, this article makes a connection between Jeffrey Epstein, Bob Hefner III, and a winning Powerball lottery ticket that was purchased in Oklahoma in 2008 (source: https://www.thelostogle.com/2019/08/14/no-jeffrey-epstein-did-not-win-25-million-from-an-oklahoma-lottery-ticket-or-did-he/#comments). It’s too long to summarize. Read it and check it out.
Heiden, Lisa: Worked in Manhattan and London as an executive for ABC. Close friend of Ghislaine Maxwell. According to the fantastic research done by this person (https://twitter.com/Agent99Mom/status/1280580456400982016), two of Lisa Heiden’s properties are listed as an address for Ellmax, a company set up by Ghislaine.
Heineken, Mr. Fredie: A Dutch businessman for the Heineken brewing company. Was chairman and CEO from 1971-1989.
Helen and Tim Shifter: Helen is a former Vogue Magazine staffer. Tim is former CEO of LeSportsac and serves as Senior Advisor at Blackstone Group, a private equity firm. The Schifters are personal friends of Ghislaine Maxwell.
Helvin, Marie: Former fashion model and former girlfriend of Imran Khan, the current Prime Minister of Pakistan. According to her memoir, she knows pretty much any popular celebrity from the ‘70s and ‘80s.
Herbert, Jason: Likely a financial adviser based in London.
Hermes, Olga & Olaf: Olaf is a handbag heir. Olga is his ex-wife.
Herrero, Juan & Helen: Juan is like the managing director of an investment bank in Spain.
Hersov, Robert & Kim: Robert is a South African entrepreneur and mining heir who has worked for Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley, and News Corp. (owned by Murdoch).. Ex-wife Kim is a London-based fashion editor and designer.
Heseltine, Mr & Mrs: Baron Michael Heseltine is a British businessman and politician who served in various roles in government for British PMs Margaret Thatcher and John Major. Heseltine was a friend of Robert Maxwell, Ghislaine’s father. Heseltine invested in Conservative Parliament member Harvey Proctor’s business after Proctor was forced to resign after it was revealed he had sexual relationships with and took nude pictures of male prostitutes aged 17-21 at his home (source: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/members-interests-top-tories-lose-on-proctors-shop-the-retailer-1445666.html). At the time, it was illegal to have same-sex relations with prostiutes under the age of 21.
Heseltine, Mr & Mrs: Same as above.
Heseltine, Ms. Annabel: Journalist, columnist, and TV and radio broadcaster. At the age of 22, she became the Assistant-editor for Hong Kong Tatler (there’s that publication again). Daughter of Baron Michael Heseltine.
Heseltine, Rupert: Businessman and heir to Haymarket Media Group. Son of Baron Michael Heseltine.
Hicks, India: A fashion model in the ‘80s and ‘90s, India Hicks is a good friend of Ghislaine Maxwell. Descendant of the Mountbatten family, a British dynasty (although much of their background is German). Granddaughter of the much-decorated war hero, Lord Mountbatten (Prince Charles’s mentor), who, according to FBI files, was “a homosexual with a perversion for young boys” (source: https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/9745399/lord-mountbatten-fbi-dossier-prince-charles/). Prince Charles is her second cousin and Godfather.
Hill, Anthony: Son of Robin Hall, 8th Marquess of Downshire and Juliet Weld-Forester, daughter of 7th Baron Forester. Couldn’t find any more info.
Himmelstein, Howard: Co-owner of clothing brand Camp Beverly Hill and a producescreenwriter.
Hirsch, Jeff: Owner of Foto Care, a shop that sells professional camera equipment. Claims he is only in the ‘Black Book’ because he sold an expensive camera to Ghislaine many years ago and had to go to her house to show her how to use it (source: https://www.miamiherald.com/news/state/florida/article234312632.html). This, however, doesn’t explain why there are two numbers listed under Hirsch’s name that are attributed to Scott Geffert, the General Manager for Advanced Imaging at the MET museum. This could all be innocent or these two could have assisted in Epstein’s hidden camera setup and helped Epstein get high quality pictures of his victims. We can’t be sure.
Hissom, Robert & Andrea: Robert is the founder of Aspen Capital Partners, a large property management firm. He is a friend of Prince Charles. His ex-wife, Andrea, famously got remarried to Steve Wynn, billionaire Las Vegas hotel tycoon. Prince Harry was a guest of Wynn’s at his Encore resort. Andrea and Wynn are close friends of Donald and Melania Trump (source: https://www.pressreader.com/uk/scottish-daily-mail/20120901/281904475353844).
Hoffman, Dustin: Famous Hollywood actor. Hoffman has been accused of sexual assault on multiple occasions, including exposing himself to a minor (source: https://variety.com/2017/biz/news/dustin-hoffman-2-1202641525/)
Hoffman, Hetty: Married to Robin Dundas, Earl of Ronaldshay. Lady Ronaldshay is a patron and ambassador for Zoe’s Place Baby Hospice, a UK-based charity that provides care for terminally ill babies and children up to five years old. A good friend of Ben Holland-Martin (listed just below).
Hoffman, Jessica: Sister of Hetty Hoffman (above), Jessica is an artist and former model who married investment banker Leopoldo Zambeletti. She is a good friend of India Hicks (mentioned above), the granddaughter of Lord Mountbatten (Prince Charles’s mentor), who, according to FBI files, was “a homosexual with a perversion for young boys.”
Holland-Martin, Ben: Works for the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC). His mother, Rosamund, was chairman of the NSPCC for 20 years while Princess Margaret was President and was involved with the NSPCC for more than 50 years (source: https://www.newspapers.com/image/?clipping_id=36141343&fcfToken=eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJmcmVlLXZpZXctaWQiOjI1OTU4NDE2NSwiaWF0IjoxNTk0MzMwNTQ0LCJleHAiOjE1OTQ0MTY5NDR9.j1V2e0Mr3tJmPzusRYNneLVhUskWiIAvNIjdIpvuzj4). Both Ben and his mother are/were friends of Princess Margaret. Rosamund Holland-Martin (nee Hornby) was related to Charles Hornby, a British socialite and close friend of Prince Charles, who was sentenced to 2 ½ years for luring young runaway boys into prostitution, indecent assault, importuning, and living off the earnings of prostitution (source: https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=0FQ0AAAAIBAJ&sjid=YbkFAAAAIBAJ&pg=4638,2085303). Ben is also good friends with Hetty Hoffman (mentioned above), who is an ambassador for Zoe’s Place Baby Hospice.
Hollond Mr & Mrs James: James is a partner at EFP Capital, an investment and advisory firm. James’s mother married Baron Robert Rothschild after her and James’s father divorced. His now ex-wife, Beatrice, is on many investing firm boards, but most notably, she is a trustee on the Esmee Fairbairn Foundation, a charity that specializes in helping disadvantaged children (source: https://esmeefairbairn.org.uk/beatrice-hollond). If anyone has more info on these two, please post. Epstein has 10 pieces of contact information under their name.
submitted by LearningIsListening to conspiracy [link] [comments]


2020.07.12 19:28 Panicless Warum Online-Dating für BEIDE Geschlechter scheiße ist:

Gibt ja gerade vermehrt Diskussionen darüber und da sind viele nette Punkte dabei, aber der wissenschaftliche Aspekt WARUM Online-Dating für alle Beteiligten so frustrierend ist, fehlt mir bisher. Ich habe mich mal sehr intensiv damit beschäftigt und bin dann auf Dan Ariely gestoßen (Dan Ariely is an Israeli-American professor and author. He serves as a James B. Duke Professor of psychology and behavioral economics at Duke University.) Einer der wenigen Wissenschaftler die sich mit dem Thema näher auseinandergesetzt haben.
Ich habe mal einen Kommentar in einem amerikanischen Faden geschrieben, deshalb kopiere ich den einfach mal hier rein, vielleicht hilft das ja dem ein oder anderen es mach Corona doch nochmal im echten Leben zu versuchen.
TL;DR: Weder Frauen noch Männer haben Schuld, sondern (nach bisherigem Erkenntnisstand!) nur unsere unterschiedliche Reaktion auf ein Überangebot an potentiellen Partnern.
Mein zitierter Kommentar:
"This is not something I made up or just my experience, but backed by science --> https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RS8R2TKrYi0) .
The direct quote from the video I linked to from Dan Ariely: "When the dating pool becomes bigger there is a big difference in men and women. Let's say we have a speed dating event with 10 women and men and one with 20. In the bigger one women will act as if they have a budget. They become more restrictive and critical and only choose the top 3 for example, regardless of the number of people. But men have a threshold. They say yes to everyone above 8 (0-10) for example. And that's the reason why tinder only work for the best looking guys. Women can choose from thousands of people and their reaction is: I'm going to be even more critical and restrictive and selective than before. So they act on a budget. But men react to that same scenario with a threshold and just swipe everyone to the right they find attractive enough. Online dating right now is really built for people who could go to and pick up people in a bar."
And another factor comes into play in online dating. But this is true for men and women. Since we're not facing the person in real life we are messaging with, it doesn't hurt as much when they say no, so therefore we are braver, which results in generally approaching people who are 25% more attractive than us. But studies show that it still can be successful and persistency is the key. Message 100 more attractive women and probably one or two will still answer.
To be clear, I'm not saying this is inherently a bad thing. It clearly works for OP and most people, since online dating is the number one way for western people to meet new people. Women are NOT overly demanding and only interested in royalty, but have a normal reaction to an artifical way of meeting new people.
BUT Online-Dating just makes it way harder. Because in real life most women get to choose from let's say 5 really good candidates they know at any given point. Jessie's best friend Jake, that sweet guy in accounting, that hot dude from last night who found you on Instagram, that childhood friend Mike who moved back into town and Gregorios the exchange student from Greece with really rich parents. That's it. There aren't any other real options right now. So at least 3 out if these 5 are REAL options. Wayyyy easier to choose from."
submitted by Panicless to de [link] [comments]


2020.07.12 09:31 TriGlob Where was the Bernstein Bears name change first posted about? Who posted about it? And how does this relate to the DMT entities reported by many?

Who was the first post person to note the Bernstein bears name change? Where was it posted? Is there a screenshot of it? Who posted it?
Last time I posted I was simply proposing some possibilities, and a few questions, and I got told I was out of my mind. Well I can assure you I am quite IN my mind, and those weak kind of retorts show you have no balls to ask anything outside of the normality of these subs. Just because someone is asking some different kind questions makes you uncomfortable, it isn't my problem, grow tf up. Perhaps you have never heard of the Asch Conformity Experiment? Or are you Brainwashed?
Here is a link for the uninitiated. You should know about this fr. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TYIh4MkcfJA
It seems asking things even though the group is saying otherwise is alive and well, and groupthink is strong in the ME community. Don't say it isn't anything other than a quantumly immortal reality shifting simulation multi-world timeline... DUhhhhhh..... And to speak otherwise is blasphemic ME heresy! Be gone heathen!
You need to grab a bag o' herb and smoke a huge one! Maybe you'll chill out then. Last time I checked, that's what these forums are for, to propose ideas, and ask questions so we could maybe get a little closer to an answer, but it seems many out there do not care about the truth, and rather comment one-line lowbrow insults, that shows your mental ineptitude not mine. That user was totally trying to eviscerate my efficacy to ameliorate the onus this group has caused by its insouciance, but fuck me, right lol?
In fact, I do not think I have seen one post ever about red herrings being used against us in the ME community, and thus worthy of discussion. Go look at the main sub, and look at the fucking obvious voting manipulation. It is literally the most consistently downvoted sub I have ever seen on reddit. I have seen over 10 posts in a row with 0 upvotes, and you can tell me nothing is going on? Please. It is obvious there is some kind skullduggery afoot probably to muddy the waters, and to discourage the hunger of truth seekers from posting more and commenting more.
So, to the main reason for posting. I been thinking lately about the timeline of things. Like how 2012 was thrown out there so much, and yes I did experience subtle changes in my reality after 2012, but it took a while to notice. 2015-2016 was a game changer personally, at least as far as the ME is concerned. I know many of you out there feel me on that.
Let us look back. Fiona coined the Mandela Effect term in 2009.
Here is a copy of a comment I read from the main forum.
All the memories they were discussing of seeing news of his death were in the late 80s to early 90s and all the memories they were discussing of becoming aware he was still alive were between 1994 and early 2000s.
It was simply the conversation about this memory disconnect and realizing it happened to more than 1 of them that occured in 2009.
First collisions were achieved in 2010 at an energy of 3.5 teraelectronvolts (TeV) per beam, about four times the previous world record per wikipedia.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Large_Hadron_Collider
LHC did not officially come online until 2010, yet here are people noticing something changed back in the mid to late 90's. Hmmm. Remind me why again Cern is like the number #1 favorite for the cause? Like I posted before it was Cern's Happy video ft Pharrell Williams that, at the very least played a part in convincing some Cern was involved somehow. Groupthink then took hold, and many people simply ran with it without looking further. They didn't surreptitiously include Mandela's prison number for no fucking reason, but who the hell knows? Looks like Pharrell ain't saying shit that's for sure. Where's Ja when we really need him?
Who first posted the Bernstein change? Where was it posted? Does anyone have any screenshots or images proving this? Any links? Who started the Bernstein ME memetic cascade? I sincerely would love to see anything, which I never have.
As much as I absolutely hate using them, here is the gaggle trends data.
https://trends.google.com/trends/explore?date=all&geo=US&q=berenstein,Berenstain
Who started the Dolly ME? Where was the first post concerning this change? Reddit? 4chan? Somewhere else? If so, where? The Bernstein one is the one I am focusing on though, but I am curious about both of these. I'll admit I was involved in the Dolly ME, no doubt I also opened it up to many many people(last time I checked it was 25,000 views), but it didn't start with me.
How did you cope with the ontological shock? Ontological shock being defined as the state of being forced to question one's worldview? The ME can totally do that huh? The importance of this statement cannot be understated, how big that can be on an individual.
Psychological flexibility refers to the extent to which a person can cope with changes in circumstances. Typically refers to times when stressors or unexpected events occur, requiring a person to change to their stance, outlook, or commitment. Well, the ME will definitely test your psychological flexibility, and at the same time show you who isn't psychologically flexible. The true victims of the ME are probably the most psychologically flexible people there are, as we've had our worldview ripped asunder, and many struggle to cope with the changes.
Why do we in the ME community know in our hearts this is a big deal(having the same wrong memories as others)? One reason not spoken about very much relates to DMT. Allow me to explain.
Here is an alright video about a Survey of Entity Encounter Experiences with N-N-dimethyltryptamine MAPS Canada Journal Club. It's clinical in its presentation, like the dude has never done DMT, which I find hilarious because too many of these suit types nerd out on something they have never tried, and they are gathering their data from trip reports posted by people like me which I also find funny.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NDmm0qmLujk
So how are DMT and the ME connected? Well, if you have ever been lucky and brave enough to try it, and I mean really try it, meaning 20-100 trips. You will realize some things because you start to see some consistencies.
Let me skip to a certain part in the DMT survey video, it will help explain better what I am getting at here. It's something else not many discuss.
https://youtu.be/NDmm0qmLujk?t=575
Here in this section of the video, the presenter speaks of entities seen whilst on N,N,DMT. Now, many psychonauts report consistent interactions with entities on high doses of DMT. These entities are fairly consistent in their appearances, and archetypal form. This includes gnomes, fairies, mantis, jesters, etc. One a side note, I have seen an archetypal entity that I have never seen reported before, perhaps I shall make a post about it sometime, I'm sure I can't be the only one to see this archetype but I have never seen it reported.
Now, what makes the reported sightings so important, especially if you have seen them personally is that if you know that others are seeing the same thing, there is something bigger going on here. The reports include more than simply entities to, such as the jimjam, and other things, these are consistently reported meaning there is more here going on than simply some hallucinations in one's own mind, and these are actual dimensions we are seeing once we access them with this technology(DMT).
In consideration of these reports of the same memories being affected amongst people who do not know each other, this is evidence to something going on with the ME, and warrants further study. Why are we remembering the same thing being different is the important question here, in the same vein as to why people report seeing the same things on DMT?
So I ask again. Who started the Bernstein ME? Can anyone provide any screenshots, posts, or comments that show where this one took off? I am not disputing this effect,as I experienced it for sure, as well as more than just the effect itself. I have a childhood story relating to this ME, so I know the veracity is legit, but I'm bugged by the fact I can't find where this started.
Any of you out there done DMT and experienced the ME as well? If so, you'll know the significance in the fact these affected memories are same across many different people.
The People who saw the Mandela death report it happening back in the late 80's to 90's, and then about a decade later figuring out their memories don't match reality. I think something happened in the late 80's.
Remember. Great minds discuss ideas, and small peon weak brains drive-by comment talking shit, and then run off like the little bitch they are. Oh and I Don't Worry about those downvotes, bring it on bitch.
submitted by TriGlob to Mandela_Effect [link] [comments]


2020.06.18 00:28 Meiyo_Hakobune The Voices of Another Eden: Present Version

Part 2, featuring all the characters of the Present! Dear god why are there so many present characters. Compared to Antiquity, there are a lot more notable seiyuus in the Present. For some of the characters, I added technical notes because I believe those extra details to be important. I hope you enjoy!
Harumi Sakurai (Akane): Yuri Nakamura from Angel Beats, Lisanna Strauss from Fairy Tail, Ayumi Fukuhara from Monster Strike
Kouki Uchiyama (Aldo): Tomura Shigaraki from My Hero Academia, Yuu Otosaka from Charlotte, Clavis from Death Parade, Akira Fudou and Devilman from Devilam Crybaby, Kei Tsukishima from Haikyuu!!, Raku Ichijou from Nisekoi, Soul Eater Evans from Soul Eater, Yuri Plisetsky from Yuuri on Ice, Kaito Tenjou from Yu-Gi-Oh Zexal and Yu-Gi-Oh! Arc-V, Aion from Show by Rock!!
Ayana Taketatsu (Altena): Nino Nakano from The Quintessential Quintuplets, Kotori Itsuka from Date A Live, Kirino Kousaka from OreImo, Koneko Toujou from High School DxD, Alice Maresato from High School of the Dead, Azusa Nakano from K-On!, Suguha Kirigaya (Leafa) from Sword Art Online, Fuu Sawatari from Tamayura
Miyuki Sawashiro (Anabel): Natasha Romanova (Black Widow) from Avengers Confidential: Black Widow to Punisher, Kaiser de Emperana Beelzebub IV from Beelzebub, Celty Sturluson from Durarara!!, Virgo from Fairy Tail, Yuzuki Seo from Gekkan Shojou Nozaki-kun, Saeko Busujima from High School of the Dead, Kurapika from Hunter x Hunter 2011, Kirari and Ririka Momobami from Kakegurui, Ayane Yano from Kimi ni Todoke, Fujiko Mine from Lupin III, Ginko from Mushishi, Bishamon from Noragami, Shino Asada (Sinon) from Sword Art Online
Ayako Kawasumi (Azami): Aguri Yukimura from Assassination Classroom, Saber from the Fate series, Alice and Will of the Abyss from Pandora Hearts, Fuu Kasumi from Samurai Champloo, Kazumi Yoshida from Shakugan no Shana
Makoto Ishii (Benedict): Will Cudeta from Arifureta, Kazuki Makabe from Soukyuu no Fafner: Dead Aggressor, Masumi Nishijima from Future Diary
Rikiya Koyama (Bertrand): Yukichi Fukuzawa from Bungou Stray Dogs, Kogorou Mouri from Detective Conan, Mamoru Takamura from Hajime no Ippo, Klaus von Reinherz from Kekkai Sensen, Popuko from Pop Team Epic, Jouichirou Saiba from Food Wars, Shinigami-sama from Soul Eater
Mie Sonozaki (Bivette/Otoha): Nana Shimura from My Hero Academia, Paula Dickins from The Great Pretender, Hiroko Seto from Your Lie in April, Sora Shiunin from Yu-Gi-Oh! Arc-V
Tasuku Hatanaka (Breeno): Denki Kaminari from My Hero Academia, Fudou Nomura from Armed Girl’s Machiavellism, Taiga Kougami from King of Prism by Pretty Rhythm, Ikoma from Kabaneri of the Iron Fortress, Han Shinwoo from Noblesse: Awakening, Yuma Tsukumo from Yu-Gi-Oh! Zexal
Author’s Note: Miraheze currently states that Breeno’s voice actor is Yu Hatakenaka; this might have been a stage name Hatanaka took a while back, but he currently goes by Tasuku Hatanaka and that is also the name stated under the voice actor credits in the App Store. I’m not sure how to edit the Wiki, so if someone could do it in my place, that would be greatly appreciated!
Mayumi Kurokawa (Bria): Bud Hansen from Transformers Cybertron
Author’s Note: Kurokawa was the only definitive voice actor I could find out of all the Knights of Fleareth. I’m not sure if it’s like the Rainbow Sisters in which all of them are voiced by the same person, so please let me know if you’re aware of something!
Takehito Koyasu (Darunis): Bobobo-bo Bobo-bo from Bobobo-bo Bobo-bo, Hotohori from Fushigi Yuugi, Shinsuke Takasugi from Gintama, Luke Valentine from Hellsing, Dio Brando from JoJo’s Bizarre Adventures, Kururu from Keroro, Deadpool from Marvel Disk Wars: The Avengers, Ryouji Fujioka from Ouran High School Host Club, Kosaburou (Butch) from Pokemon, Roswaal L. Mathers from Re:Zero, Gin Doujima from Food Wars, Excalibur from Soul Eater, Takuma Saiou from Yu-Gi-Oh! GX
Wataru Hatano (Denny): Hitoshi Shinsou from My Hero Academia, Gajeel Redfox from Fairy Tail, Metal Bat from One Punch Man
Kengo Kawanishi (Dunarith): Rei Kiriyama from March Comes in Like a Lion, Gen Asagiri from Dr. Stone, Muichiro Tokito from Demon Slayer
Houko Kuwashima (Elga): Kagura from Azumanga Daioh, Soi Fon from Bleach, Tomoyo Sakagami from Clannad, Chizuru Yukimura from Hakuouki, Itsuki Myoudouin (Cure Sunshine) from Heartcatch Precure!, Sango from Inuyasha
Kousuke Toriumi (Ewan): Nozel Silva from Black Clover, Azusa Asahina from Brothers Conflict, Shuu Sakamaki from Diabolik Lovers, Acnologia from Fairy Tail, Hajime Saito from Hakuoki, Kiba Inuzuka from Naruto, Gilbert Nightray from Pandora Hearts, Shunsuke Imaizumi from Yowamushi Pedal
Ai Kayano (Feinne): Akari Kawamoto from March Comes in Like a Lion, Meiko Honma from Anohana, Saori Takebe from Girls & Panzer, Inori Yuzuriha from Guilty Crown, Lalatina Dustiness Ford from Konosuba, Shiro from No Game No Life, Kokomi Teruhashi from The Disastrous Life of Saiki K, Alice Zuberg from Sword Art Online Alicization
Mao Ichimichi (Felmina): Mamushi Houjou from Blue Exorcist, Hikari Yagami from Digimon Adventure Tri, Iris from Fire Force, Shion from That Time I Got Reincarnated as a Slime
Ryoutarou Okiayu (Guildna): Byakuya Kuchiki from Bleach, Akio Furukawa from Clannad, Scar from Fullmetal Alchemist, Kunimitsu Tezuka from Prince of Tennis, Toriko from Toriko, Hiroto Honda from Toei Yu-Gi-Oh!
Saori Goto (Hozuki): Plue from Fairy Tail, Kukuru Anrakutei from Joshiraku, Ai Kaga from Sayanora Zetsubou Senseu, Nao Sadatsuka from Food Wars
Jun Fukuyama (Joker): Korosensei from Assassination Classroom, Yukio Okumura from Blue Exorcist, Yuuta Togashi from Love, Chuunibyou, and Other Delusions, Lelouch Lamperouge from Code Geass, Grell Sutcliff from Black Butler, King from Seven Deadly Sins, Kazuma from Noragami, Ichimatsu Matsuno from Osomatsu-san, Ren Amamiya from Persona 5 the Animation, Kimihiro Watanuki from xxxHolic, Souta Takanashi from Working!!!, Hanabusa Aido from Vampire Knight
Natsumi Hioka (Komachi): Kotoha from Mitsuboshi Colors, Tsukuyo Inaba from Armed Girl’s Machiavellism, Shinobu Sarutobi from High School Progidies Have it Easy Even in Another World
Maaya Uchida (LaclaiDeirdre): Futaba Yoshioka from Ao Haru Ride, Yusa Kurobane from Charlotte, Rikka Takanashi from Love, Chuunibyou, and Other Delusions, Katarina Claes from My Next Life as a Villainess: All Routes Lead to Doom!, Hiyori Iki from Noragami, Rea Sanka from Sankarea, Melty Q Melromarc from Rising of the Shield Hero
Rie Kugimiya (Lingli): Aguri Madoka (Cure Ace) from Dokidoki Precure, Happy from Fairy Tail, Kagura Souma from Fruits Basket 2019, Elric Alphonse from Full Metal Alchemist and Full Metal Alchemist Brotherhood, Kagura from Gintama, Aria Holmes Kanzaki from Hidan no Aria, Rise Kujikawa from Persona 4 the Animation, Shana from Shakugan no Shana, Juuzou Suzuya from Tokyo Ghoul, Taiga Aisaka from Toradora!, Louise FrançoiseLe Blanc de La Vallière from The Familiar of Zero
Hiroki Yasumoto (Lokido): Elfman Strauss from Fairy Tail, Germany from Hetalia Axis Powers, Christophe Giacometti from Yuuri on Ice
Saori Hayami (Mariel): Parisa from Another Eden, Shirayuki from Snow White with the Red Hair, Himawari Uzumaki from Boruto, Kagura Mikazuchi from Fairy Tail, Yumeko Jabami from Kakegurui, Rachel from Tower of God, Shinobu Kocho from Demon Slayer, Miyuki Shiba from The Irregular at Magic High School, Amelie Azazel from Welcome to Demon School, Iruma-kun!, Tsuyu from Noragami, Ayase Aragaki from OreImo, Shinoa Hiiragi from Seraph of the End, Sachi from Sword Art Online
Ayaka Imamura (May): Teru Hayama from Sansha Sanyou, Michiru Amatsuki from Takunomi, Mimi from Akame ga Kill
Youko Honna (Miranda): Yio from Another Eden, Nagisa Misumi (Cure Black) from Futari wa Precure, Shizuku Tsukishima from Whisper of the Heart, Ange from Koisuru Tenshi Angelique: Kagayaki no Ashita
Kaoru Sakura (Miyu): Nikeh and Rainbow Sisters from Another Eden, Nagi Kobotoke from Change our Mirai!!, Koharun from Mayoiga
Ikue Otani (Morgana): Nopaew Clan from Another Eden, Sailor Tin Nyanko from Sailor Moon, Mitsuhiko Tsuburaya from Detective Conan, Gash Bell from Zatch Bell, Tony Tony Chopper from One Piece, Morgana from Persona 5 the Animation, Pikachu from Pokemon
Kana Asumi (Myrus): Nyaruko from Haiyore! Nyaruko-san, Yuno from Hidamari Sketch, Takane Enomoto from Mekaku City Actors, Marika Tachibana from Nisekoi, Komari Koshigaya from Non Non Biyori, Kaoru Hanawa from Tamayura, Popura Taneshima from Working!!!
Ai Nonaka (Myunfa): Fuuko Ibuki from Clannad, Kafuka Fuura from Sayonara Zetsubou Sensei, Maaya Kihara from Toradora!
Tatsuo Suzuki (Nero): I couldn’t find any roles for Suzuki, but instead, he seems to be a well-known Japanese cinematographer.
Unknown (Nomar): If anyone knows who Nomar’s Japanese voice actor is, please let me know!
Ryohei Kimura (Shigure): David Shield from My Hero Academia the Movie: Two Heroes, Yuugo Hachiken from Silver Spoon, Kouhei Imamura from Grand Blue, Koutarou Bokuto from Haikyuu!!, Judar from Magi, Daryl Lorenze from Mobile Suit Gundam Thunderbolt, Howzer from Seven Deadly Sins
Takahiro Sakurai (Shion): Cloud Strife from Final Fantasy VII, Griffith from Berserk, Suzaku Kururugi from Code Geass, Tentomon from Digimon Adventures and Digimon Adventure Tri, Sting Eucliffe from Fairy Tail, Ayame Souma from Fruits Basket 2019, Rohan Kishibe from JoJo’s Bizarre Adventures Part 4: Diamond is Unbreakable, Kiyomaru Takamine from Zatch Bell, Claude Faustus from Black Butler, Ja’far from Magi and Adventures of Sinbad, Arataka Reigen from Mob Psycho 100, Osomatsu Matsuno from Osomatsu-san, Uta from Tokyo Ghoul, Satoshi Isshiki from Food Wars, Giyuu Tomioka from Demon Slayer
Chiwa Saito (Tsubame): Yona from Yona of the Dawn, Hitagi Senjougahara from Bakemonogatari, Riko Aida from Kuroko’s Basketball, Homura Akemi from Puella Magi Madoka Magica, Francesca Luccini from Strike Witches
Mai Aizawa (Tsukiha): Minene Uryuu from Future Diary, Mio Naganohara from Nichijou, Rie Nishina from Clannad
Haruka Shiraishi (Veina): Fumino Furuhashi from We Never Learn, Asirpa from Golden Kamuy, Misha Takanashi from UzaMaid!
Hideyuki Tanaka (Zilva): Fujitaka Kinomoto from Cardcaptor Sakura, Captain Falcon from F-Zero: Falcon Densetsu, Doflamingo Donquixote from One Piece
This was looooong but very fun to research! I hope you had fun reading. Up next, characters from the Future!
submitted by Meiyo_Hakobune to AnotherEdenGlobal [link] [comments]


2020.05.28 06:39 JetJerkJetJerk My Japanese Study Materials and Reviews

Hi! This is a little list of materials that I have used throughout studying Japanese so far that I felt were useful or interesting. They range from stuff fit for beginners to stuff for advanced learners. These are just my personal recommendations and thoughts about the materials, so feel free to elaborate your own feelings about them, or provide alternate materials.
I provided links to all of the websites, and all of the books are from either the US Amazon page or Japanese Amazon page (any books that seems hard to obtain via the US amazon I posted with the Japanese Amazon) I am not recommending you buy them from Amazon if you don’t want to, but just for ease of browsing the related items, I posted those pages. I tried to list these in order of what I felt was most impactful to my Japanese learning, but just take that with a grain of salt. I’m providing a couple pictures on imgur of my books and materials, mostly as a “wow look at all of my books” boast. Shameful. There are a couple things in the pictures that are not introduced. Those are things I felt weren’t worth investing time in, after taking the picture.
Lastly, I am an iPhone user, so the apps I introduce are for iPhone. I'm sorry, android users...
If you have any questions, let me know
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Coscom Online Text
This is the main text that I used to learn Japanese. I’m surprised it's not talked about here that often. I wish I could explain all that this online-text has to offer. First things first: It’s in English, and I credit this as the main thing for helping me understand the fundamentals of Japanese grammar, as well as progressing through to intermediate. There are several “corners” within the website, from Audio and text dealing with various topics about Japan, Hiragana and Katakana exercises, Basic word lists and exercises, Frequent updates with new information, etc. The most important one though is “Building Up Conversation” Through this course of over 50 lessons, one is taken through the super basics of Japanese up to learning about the conditional form and te-form, volitional form, Expressing purpose, honorifics, expressing effort, etc etc etc I mean I can’t list them all here, but just with this course I am 100% confident you will be able to converse in Japanese. I’m not trying to sell it to you, but I urge you to at least check out the website. Cannot recommend this enough. Great for anyone from complete beginner to intermediate learner. The thing that really sold me was that it seems geared towards adults. With Genki and such it seems much more “college student” and “group-work” based, but this text is BUILT to be self-studied.
Wanikani
This is hands down the best purchase I made in my time learning Japanese thus far. A SRS system based around Kanji that introduced them through radical, then kanji, then vocabulary containing said kanji and the various readings it has. It took me 4 years to reach the final “level”, because I didn’t want to rush, and just had so much other stuff going on. But I can confidently say that this program, while only one of many (and admittedly I have only tried this method) was THE catalyst for my Japanese learning from toying around with hiragana to totally recognizing and reading kanji all over the place. Very very highly recommended. I know lots of people are all about RTK here, and I don’t have anything to say for or against that, having not done it, but I love that Wanikani taught me how to READ. (In the past year or so I’ve become comfortable reading regular novels and essays and news, and cannot express enough the joy of simply reading. I feel like I’m 6 again!)
Midori (iOS English-Japanese-English dictionary. No Android version! :( )
This dictionary continues to astound me. It often has entries that even the 大辞林 does not have! Bookmarks are a breeze, and you can see which words have been bookmarked already, can be bookmarked into multiple lists, and all of these bookmarks can be studied as flashcards, including with an SRS option. Not only these, but example sentences attached to the entries can ALSO be bookmarked and studied in the same way. Several search options via handwriting, radical, SKIP system, etc. Wild-card search is also possible. Searching by English or Japanese is possible, as well as searching via “romaji”. It also has an insane amount of Kanji entries, including animated diagrams for every. single. one.This is THE dictionary to have if you have iOS. Among everything I will introduce here, this is the one thing any iPhone user MUST buy IMHO.
Making out in Japanese Series 1
Making out in Japanese Series 2
These two books are full of casual phrases from first meetings to going out and partying to dating to having sex --quite graphic, at that-- to getting married and getting pregnant to meeting parents to breaking up. I mean what else are you learning Japanese for?? The kind of silly chapter order aside (the list in the previous sentence is pretty much the chapter order), the content is very good and very casual. This isn’t stuff you would say at work or with your boss, but with friends or romantic interests, people your (adult) age. It has the English on one side and romaji + kanji on the other. It also denotes what would be more suitable for a woman or man to say, as well as extra explanation on the nuance for many phrases (A classic being the marriage proposal “Would you mind making my miso-soup every morning?”) There are two books. I think the “more” making out in Japanese is a little more up-to-date, in not a little more liberal in its content. If you can find it around it’s fun to look at from time to time, and definitely helped me out in the beginning of my studies when I was tired of saying です、ます all the time.
A Dictionary of Japanese Grammar
Three very great dictionaries of grammar. It’s written in English with ample examples and explanation. The thing I like most is the vast majority of entries include a section of “related” grammar points that have the same general idea, but differ in nuance. It goes into impressive depth in describing the differences. The Basic and Intermediate one are indispensable I feel, not only because of the content but because of the appendices attached, explaining things like metaphors and newspaper grammar and compound words and counters, etc. The Advanced one, unlike the first two, uses examples from the real world as opposed to the author’s own writing, which gives them a little more weight. (These grammar points DO exist! haha). The other nice point of the Advanced one is that the reference list of entries in the back contains ALL the entries from all three books, with page numbers. There is also an English-meaning reference section where you can look up an English turn of phrase and see if there is a Japanese equivalent. Definitely recommended for anyone seriously learning Japanese.
日本語を楽しく読む本 (Fun Reading in Japanese)
I’m surprised I don't see these books mentioned here that often (or at all?) As the name suggests, they are work books that are made to make reading Japanese fun. Ideally they would be used in a class setting but can be used alone as well. The first book is short exercises and word puzzles, with the latter half becoming actual stories. The 2nd and 3rd book take existing texts and abridge them, and provide reading exercises and problems to solve based on the readings. (the unabridged forms of the texts are listed in the back of the book). The texts themselves are all fairly fun to read, and I credit these books as the main bridge for me between studying from textbooks to reading real books in Japanese. Absolutely highly recommend them to anyone interested in reading Japanese, but isn’t quiiite ready/confident to tackle a complete novel. They are written entirely in Japanese.
Japanese Stories w/ audio recordings
Hukumusume is a website full of kids stories and things that mostly a young girl would be interested in, but this page has a Japanese story for EVERYDAY OF THE YEAR, and most of them are accompanied with a reading or two. Most of them are relatively short, and it's great for a nice little break from "text" studying. The readers read the stories at a natural pace, so they are great to get a good feel of the rhythm of the language, as well as pick up a bunch of vocab!
New Penguin Parallel Text Japanese
This is the next book that I credit with me gaining courage to read complete Japanese novels. Parallel text means the left page is a translated English version of the right page, which is the original Japanese. They are all short stories of similar length but varying degrees of difficulty. The selection is excellent, and each story has a very unique atmosphere. The authors also range from famous people like Murakami Haruki and Yoshimoto Banana to those not quite known.
Kodansha's Kanji Learner's Dictionary
the kanji in this dictionary are ordered using the SKIP system, which is a way to order kanji based on their general structure and stroke-count. Pretty innovative. The kanji from grades 1-6 are denoted in red, and there are also many kanji from the name list as well. Each entry for the Joyo kanji has a stroke order. Each entry also has various words included that use said kanji. A nice thing about this dictionary is that it includes words that don’t START with that kanji, but simply include it. (some Japanese kanji dictionaries only include words that start with the kanji entry. Very limiting). The word lists are also divided up into the various meanings of the kanji. I know many dictionaries on phones now have all sorts of features like this, but I personally like the feel of a real book sometimes. It’s strictly vocab though, so there isn’t any help with the usages of the words listed. It can be useful in discovering different meanings of kanji, so you can figure out why 卒業 (graduation) and 脳卒中 (stroke) both have 卒. Or why 先週 means the previous week, but これから先 means something in the future.
Kodansha's Kanji Synonyms Guide
This is an interesting dictionary. It divides kanji up into groups (with English names), and then provides example vocab and and meanings about their subtle, or not so subtle, differences. I often find myself confused about words that when looked up in an Japanese-English dictionary have the same meanings (investigation, climate, temperature). This guide allows you to look up those key words and then see how the kanji used are different between usages (a criminal investigation, an investigation into a problem, simply searching for something, etc)
Ninjal online collocation search engine
This website is listed in Koichi’s article on Tofugu about what he uses to study Japanese. This website is insane. You type in a word and click to its page, and it searches a huge corpus of web pages for that word and divides and ranks them in different ways based on their usage and frequency. So you can type in a new word that maybe you’ve never seen before, like 乖離 for example, and see immediate that three idiomatic ways that 乖離 might be used is 乖離を埋める , 乖離が生じる and 現実の乖離. This is not to say that these are the only ways to use this word, but that through looking at a vast amount of examples, these types of usages occur time and time again, so they must be idiomatic. This website is exceptionally useful when you encounter a new word but aren’t sure how it is supposed to be used in normal language.
Monokakido's dictionary app (iPhone… sorry Android!)
This app is a parent app, through which you purchase the main content, the main content being DICTIONARIES. They have a plethora of dictionaries available.
I personally have bought 6 (some through sales): the Daijirin (standard massive J-J dictionary), Shinmeikai (J-J dictionary with “new” (i.e. somewhat more nuanced and or relatable) definitions to words, plus pitch-accent entries), Sanseido (Very simple definitions), Ruigigo (Japanese thesaurus), NHK Pitch Accent Dictionary (appendices are also very informative), and Sanseido’s Kobun Dictionary (able to also search for a Kobun word via “new” Japanese. Wowza). One amazing feature is that you can search a word via every dictionary you have purchased and swap through the different dictionaries very easily to compare entries. very nerdy indeed. If I would recommend anyone to anyone, it is the NHK Pitch accent one, and the Shinmeikai. The others I don’t use as much hahahaa…..
Nihongo Kentei Official Workbooks
Nihongo Kentei Official Practice Test
This test is made for Japanese natives. The Nihongo Kentei is a sister test of the much more known Kanji Kentei. Like the Kanji Kentei, it is separated into several difficulty levels, the lowest being 7, up to 1. While the Kanji Kentei is focused mainly on Kanji (stroke order, radical, reading, homonyms, etc), the Nihongo Kentei tests the examinees mastery of Japanese on a more general level. That being said, there is no listening, speaking, or writing portion. The test is like the JLPT in that it is largely multiple choice (though some questions ask the examinee to look at some word in context written in kana and change it to kanji, meaning physically writing the kanji). However, I think it’s not only more practical than the JLPT, it is also significantly harder because it tests many more aspects about Japanese, including correct Kanji usage in words and synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, as well as keigo and idioms. I read somewhere that Level 7 of the Nihongo Kentei would be JLPT3, and Level 4 would be JLPT 1 level, but they cannot be compared so readily. Nihongo Kentei Level 7 is made for 3rd grade elementary school level, and level 4 is for middle school graduates, while level 2 and 1 are for college graduates and professionals, respectively.
Nihongo Kentei Texts
These books are all in Japanese, and are in-depth looks at Japanese, with particular focus on the 6 areas (Kanji meaning, Kanji usage, Vocab breadth, Vocab meaning, Grammar, Keigo) that are tested in the tests. Frankly these are not necessary to buy. But they do have some interesting insight into Japanese as a language and it’s structure.
言葉の歳時記
This isn’t a study book, it’s just a regular book ahah. It’s a “devotional”, meaning there is an entry for each day of the year. The author is Kindaichi Haruhiko, a Japanese linguist from a linguist family. He is famous (?) for his anecdotal approach to writing about the language, so rather than saying “Japanese must be this” he often writes in a way that sounds like “isn’t it fascinating that some Japanese people say this, and others say that?” and really treats it as a living, morphing language. Each entry is 1 bunko-page long, and very often deals with some seasonal subject, or seasonal word. The topics range from Japanese festivals to various Japanese dialects to Japanese nature (birds and flowers are recurring themes), to musings about the connection between words. Not for beginner readers, but definitely an interesting read and every single time I read an entry I find out some new nugget of linguistic knowledge. Great for anyone interested in Japanese poetry, culture, anthropology, and linguistic
カタカナーシ
This is a card game. Each card has a numbered list of 6 katakana words on one side, and a random number of 1 to 6 on the back side. From the whole stack of cards the first player draws a card and looks at the list of Katakana words (not showing anyone else). The number on the back of the next card in the pile determines which katakana word the player will choose. The play must then describe, entirely in Japanese, the katakana word, WITHOUT USING ANY OTHER KATAKANA WORD AT ALL. so if you have モニター you cannot say “パソコン。コンピューター。スクリーン。テレビ。” and so on. The first person to guess correctly what the player is describing receives that card. The first player to collect 8 cards wins. There are also challenge cards, such as “in a rap-style” and “with no daku-on” (meaning, no sounds with the “ mark like がぎぐげご or the ° mark like ぱぴぷぺぽ) Very fun game and forces you to rely on your “true” Japanese knowledge.
舊漢字 (Kyuukanji)
This book deals with OLD KANJI. After WWII, the government was like “let’s make Kanji easier” so they simplified a ton of kanji to make them easier to teach. However, this means that any books you find that were printed right at that time and any time before will all be printed using at least some of these kanji. The book doesn’t cover every single kanji that was changed -- some where altered only by one stroke, or just the angle of the stroke -- but focuses on those that are fairly to significantly different than their new counterparts (ex 旧⇔舊 体⇔體 ). What’s more, just for kicks the author of the book included diagrams to aid in writing these older kanji. And to top it all off, the entire book is written using 歴史的仮名遣い, so you will see things like だらう and 思ふ. Each entry is two pages long, and most go into the structure of the kanji, and its origin. Essential for any kanji-nerd.
Z-KAI Kobun Series
Along my Japanese learning journey I found out about Kobun and decided to give it a go. Kobun is old Japanese. After researching a bit and purchasing a few workbooks on it, I think this is the best best for learning kobun from scratch. The texts are all in Japanese, as they are meant for high schoolers studying for college entrance exams. I actually started (and am still slowly working through) 古文上達 45, but plan to do the other two books soon. They are not related, though I believe starting with the 入門 or the 上達45 would be your best bet for learning. The merit with these is that each chapter introduces a very small grammar point or vocab list, and then immediately has the reader start reading Kobun. There are copious notes throughout each entry to aid in your reading, as well as exercises to guide you in your understanding of the text. The answer booklet attached has a complete translation of the text, as well as a summary, and some cultural points about the time period. I would not recommend this book to anyone not fairly confident in their Japanese reading ability, but is hands down the best thing out there to get your hands dirty with Kobun.
Z-KAI Kanbun Series
Inevitably, I also became interested in Kanbun. Kanbun is an old Japanese style that is written entirely in Kanji (so before hiragana/katakana). These are the only books I haven’t yet used that I am introducing, but like the Kobun books I introduced before, they introduce Kanbun and some history of it, then the first lessons introduces a foundational grammar point, then immediately has the reading tacking some real Kanbun. Again, it's just being lost for the first several chapters, but as one progresses through the lessons, and through re-reading the past entries, one becomes able to read the Kanbun confidently (or at least, I hope. It looks pretty dang similar to the Kobun one’s though so it should be okay)
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Anyway, I've been wanting to do this for a while because I'm a nut for Japanese learning materials and felt that these really helped me learn.
submitted by JetJerkJetJerk to LearnJapanese [link] [comments]


2020.05.27 18:57 siegeisluv College Football Revamped - A Complete Modding Guide

What is College Football Revamped (CFBR)?

After seeing some hints of people finally figuring out how to extract textures from NCAA 14, I went and figured out some additional steps and, with the help of some great people, created the NCAA 14 modding community now known as CFBR. We're currently working on updating all teams' fields, uniforms, and more to be up to date. We're even working on updating the game's record books and dates so dynasties start in 2020 rather than 2013. We're also diligently working to try and find a way to add the CFP, but this will take a lot of time and searching (if it's even possible that is). And yes, this mod does indeed work on both console and PC.
I also want to add that while this whole process may seem confusing at first, know that the process of applying mods that we release will be extremely easy (about three clicks) and that this is extremely accessible. It may seem foreign but that is only because prior to making my tutorial video two weeks ago, there were maybe 3-4 people that really knew this was even possible
Here's a quick preview album of some early mods we have worked on. Sorry for the watermarks but we've had some people try to pass off our content as their own already and want to prevent that. We're just a bunch of volunteers who do this for free because we enjoy the game and college football, so we figure we should at least get credit for our work.
The best places to get in touch with us are:

How Do I Get Started Modding?

1) You need a copy of the game

You need either an XBOX 360 or PS3 copy of the game. You need to have the game files dumped. Here is a guide for getting PS3 game files. Here is a guide for getting XBOX game files. If you choose to download the game online (I understand people are price gouging right now), then that is your choice, but know that for legal reasons we obviously can't endorse or help you with this since it is piracy. We share user created content, NOT complete original game files. I highly recommend at least seeing if you can borrow a copy from someone to create a rip first. Once you create a disc backup, you do not need the game disc in your console ever again.

2) You need QuickBMS

QuickBMS is an open-source program developed by Luigi Auriemma. Without him and his scripts, this would probably not be possible. He has been super helpful throughout all of this, so if you ever visit his website or see him on twitter, feel free to thank him for his contribution. The QuickBMS package comes with a batch file called "reimport.bat". That is the program you will be running to apply mods (do not delete the QuickBMS executable though, as the reimport program needs QuickBMS to function). Download QuickBMS directly from Luigi's website below:

3) You need one of the following devices/platforms to play the game on

  1. A PS3 - You can play these mods on a real PS3, you just need something that allows you to play game backups, such as HEN. Here's a great guide on how to do that. The process takes about 30 minutes and you just need a USB drive. It is completely safe. It also works on any PS3 model running the latest firmware. If you need help with doing any of this, ask for help over on /ps3homebrew
  2. An XBOX 360 - You can play these mods on a real XBOX 360, similarly to PS3, you just need something that allows you to play game backups. This usually means an RGH, JTAG or XKEY mod. These are a bit more involved than installing HEN on a PS3, but if they're over your head, you can buy a pre-modded console or send it to a service and have someone mod it for you. It is possible that a softmod for XBOX 360 comes out in the future. In that case, modding an XBOX will be as easy as a PS3. We just don't know if/when that will happen since it's out of our control. If you need any help with any of this, ask for help over on /360hacks
  3. RPCS3 PS3 Emulator - This is the best way to play in my opinion. You can play at 4K 60 FPS with whatever controller you like. The only caveat is that you need a modern CPU to run it (I recommend a Ryzen 3600 or above, and before I get a ton of questions, most laptop CPUs are too underpowered for RPCS3). The game is fully playable and looks beautiful on RPCS3, plus all animations, replays and cutscenes run at 60 FPS vs the 30 they are limited to on console.
  4. Xenia XBOX 360 Emulator - Sadly the game is not playable completely on the emulator yet, as gameplay still looks like this. However you can still run a dynasty by simming if that's your thing, or just want to see the novelty of it run on your PC. While Xenia will never run on complete potato computers, it should be easier to run than RPCS3. And no, I do not know when the game will be playable on Xenia. If you want to see it playable on Xenia sooner, feel free to support them on Patreon (same with RPCS3). Both teams are amazing and underfunded sadly.

4) See link at the bottom of this post for installation instructions

###4) You need to download these two scripts 1. BGFA.txt - This script will soon become obsolete, but until we finish re-mapping out every file in the game, you still need this. For now, you will be using this script most of the time until. I'll delete this from the post when this changes. 2. CFBR.bms - This will be the main script once we finish remapping out the tens of thousands of files in the game. These scripts were written by Luigi (he goes by Aluigi on his forum) and a member named Acewell. Without them, again, none of this would be possible.
###5) You need the actual mod downloads! In the table at the bottom of this post, you will find our PS3 (soon to be joined by XBOX, once we finish packing them) mod downloads. These are all packed up neatly (just unzip with 7zip, everyone should have 7zip installed on their computer) so they are easy as possible for you to apply. Each mod pack has a PDF with specific instructions that are very easy to follow. The PDF will look something like this. Don't worry, it will all make sense once you get it set up, and if you have any issues or questions, we have our help channel in Discord, or if you want feel free to tweet at us. I also personally lurk on this sub a bit so I'll answer whatever questions I see. I'll try to keep the mods as up to date as possible on this post, but they will almost always be posted on Discord and Twitter first.

What if I Want to Make My Own Mods/Teambuilder Team?

One of the most alluring parts of being able to mod NCAA 14 is not only updating existing college uniforms, but bringing a new and improved Teambuilder functionality to the game. We can completely edit and replace every team logo, uniform, glove, team colors, name and more. We have yet to find or decipher audio files for actual team names, but hopefully we find them soon. Remember this project is still in its infancy. We can also edit high school teams to be real high schools, and much more. No more sticking to ugly premade templates for Teambuilder team fields and jerseys!
Anyway, if you want to mod and edit textures and some other game files yourself, you're going to need a few extra tools. I want to make this very clear: IF YOU JUST WANT TO USE OUR MOD RELEASES WITHOUT MAKING YOUR OWN, YOU DO NOT NEED TO PAY ATTENTION TO ANY OF THIS. SIMPLY READ THE SECTION ABOVE AND SKIP TO THE TABLE DOWN AT THE BOTTOM.

1) You need a photo editor

Obvious recommendations here are Photoshop and Gimp (free and open-source). You'll need a plugin for either program that will allow you to view, edit and save DDS textures. For Photoshop I personally use NVIDIA Texture Tools. For Gimp, just do some basic googling and I'm sure you'll find something that works, we have plenty of contributors who use Gimp instead of Photoshop.

2) Some additional scripts

Here are the additional scripts you will need for modding.

3) Watch this tutorial video

This is a quick video I made explaining how to edit and import your own textures individually. I apologize for the shitty audio, I had never recorded audio before and I was sick at the time so my voice is extremely hard to hear. Wear headphones if you have them. I am going to be making better, clearer video tutorials in the future on how to get chrome helmets, matte helmets, change facemask colors, move number number positioning on helmets and jerseys, and much more. I just need some time to make sure our main project of updating every school is rolling and then I'll make some better tutorials that are more specific and clear. Again, if you have any questions, ask us for help on any of our social platforms.

4) XBOX USERS ONLY: You need a program called Noesis and a special plugin for it

I don't know much about Noesis, but this program with this specific version of the XPR plugin is needed to mod the game on XBOX. Instead of running the "toDDS" and "DDStoBlank" scripts like I do in my video, you will simply open the XPR files in Noessis and export them as DDS using Noesis. Once you are done editing them, simply change the file extension from DDS back to XPR and reimport them as usual. If this is confusing, just let me know. I was just able to get this working today, so this method is very new but finally enables texture editing on XBOX versions of the game.

Do You Accept Donations?

No, we do not. We do make this mod and started this community because we are college football fans and believe that every college football fan should be able to have a fun, updated, custom experience. The only time we might ever accept any kind of donation is in the event that we need to pay someone to help with something like extracting 3D models (possible but inexplicably difficult currently) or something along those lines, but that would never be for profit and would be an absolute last resort. We just want everyone to be able to enjoy these mods and maybe get some recognition in return (that is why we had to watermark our photos in the album above, we have already had some people try to post our content as their own original work without any kind of accreditation).
We're all in this NCAA Football game experience together. The generic games that are out feel... generic. Even if EA does make a college football game in the future (extremely unlikely without any kind of players union at this point), it will likely be a full ultimate team game with some afterthought dynasty. Hopefully this is the ultimate NCAA Football experience you've been looking for.

FAQ

Q: Can you add the CFP to dynasty?
A: We're Currently looking for the files that control schedule logic so we can automate the process. This is one of our top goals for this mod. At
Q: Can you add X uniform to the game?
A: Probably, we're focusing on updating main jerseys and some alternates right now, but of course we'll look at requests. Just understand that again we're a small volunteer team, so please have some patience. Of course we want to add your favorite uni into the game.
Q: When will this be done?
A: I don't know. See prior response. We are releasing mods as we finish them though, so it's not like we're going to string you along forever and never release anything. We try to give everyone updates as often as possible. We're barely a week and a half in and we've made incredible progress.
Q: Can I help in any way?
A: Of course! This is a community project. I have only met every contributor within the last week and a half. We can always use some extra help. We specifically need some people who can help with 3D models (extracting them from geometry using Hex2Obj and editing them), people who can help identify audio files within the game (we know they're there, just not the file format), people who can help with video file formats, people who can help find specific fonts used by schools, and probably more. Also, if you know anyone or have contact with anyone who worked on this game, please let us know! This is a community made mod. Everyone and anyone is welcome to help.

MOD DOWNLOADS

SEC Pack Installer
submitted by siegeisluv to NCAAFBseries [link] [comments]


2020.05.27 01:20 AceOnlineTutoring What Families Need to Know about San Diego County Schools Re-Opening! — ACE Tutoring

By: Maegan W.
To save families lengthy research time and potential confusion, the ACE Tutoring PR team has gathered the key points about schools re-opening in the San Diego county (with the focus on Poway USD, Carlsbad USD, & San Marcos USD).
On May 14th, the CDC released guidelines for reopening schools across the United States. To be considered for reopening, K-12 schools must:
  1. “Adhere to state and local health orders.
  2. Protect employees and students that are ‘high risk’ such as students with severe asthma, obesity, diabetes, liver disease, etc.
  3. Be able to screen students, employees, etc. when they arrive on campus or symptoms or possible exposure.” (CBS8 News San Diego, 2020).
With these guidelines in place, California Superintendent of Public Instruction, Tony Thurmond, noted that “school districts would make their own decisions about when they will reopen.” (NBC San Diego, 2020). Thurmond also stated that implementing these guidelines would mean fewer people in the classroom, students and teachers wearing masks, and schools being sanitized daily. (NBC San Diego, 2020).
To create a low-risk environment that falls within CDC’s guidelines, San Diego Unified School District proposed one potential approach for reopening schools by the Fall. The district stated that campuses would need to be remade. This plan proposed having ten or twelve students in a classroom with their teacher at a time, while other “adults will supervise small groups in auditoriums, cafeterias, libraries, playgrounds and parking lots if need be.” (Voice of San Diego, 2020).
Many other districts are considering similar plans, but one hiccup that many districts are facing are budget cuts.
Superintendents from six large California school districts sent a letter to Governor Gavin Newsom on May 19th, “saying schools might not [physically] open on time for the fall semester if the state can’t find more funding.” (KPBS, 2020). These budget cuts to school funding would mean that schools would be forced to delay reopening schools physically and continue online distance learning in the fall.
With these concerns in mind, what does that mean for some school districts across San Diego county?
Poway Unified School District
On May 15th, Poway Unified announced that they will not physically reopen schools before June 11th, when the school year ends. (San Diego Union Tribune, 2020). What this means is that all Poway Unified schools will continue distance learning plans through the end of the school year.
“Summer school classes for high school students and extended school year options for specified students will be conducted from June 17 to July 31 via distance learning.” (San Diego Union Tribune, 2020).
Poway Unified School district has not made any official announcements for plans of how they will reopen schools in the fall, but are in the process of doing so. The district currently has a survey available for any PUSD families and employees who wish to provide their opinion. (Poway Unified Twitter, 2020). This survey will remain open until Tuesday, May 26th.
San Marcos Unified School District
San Marcos Unified School District has not made any official announcements for reopening schools in June 2020 or for the Fall 2020-2021 school at the moment. For now, San Marcos schools will continue virtual education and any decisions for reopening schools “will be made in conjunction with health officials who will be able to determine if it is safe to return.” (San Marco Unified School District, 2020).
Carlsbad School District
On May 20th, Carlsbad Unified School District announced in a press release that the district plans to reopen schools for students on Tuesday, August 25th. (Patch Media, 2020). Though the district has released an official date, they have not yet made any official decisions about their plans to implement the CDC’s guidelines.
The district has stated that they are open to offering teaching done through a “traditional in-person model without restrictions, [along with] an online and/or hybrid model.” (Patch Media, 2020).
For more details about Carlsbad Unified School District’s plans for reopening schools in the Fall, look out for additional information that will potentially be provided during regular meetings of the Board Trustees on June 10th and June 24th. (Patch Media, 2020).
What can we take away from this?
When considering how to reopen schools in the fall and meet CDC guidelines, schools district across San Diego may implement:
● Smaller class sizes for traditional teaching
● Students maintaining six feet apart social distancing guidelines
● Sanitizing schools daily, potentially multiple times a day
● Offering online, hybrid teaching models
If you wish to know more information on what a “hybrid teaching model” would look like for schools reopening in the Fall, why not check out our article on Blended Learning!
With summer right around the corner, ACE Tutoring is implementing programs to prevent the dreaded "summer slide" and to get students ready for school this fall (no matter what form school will take)! For advice about the best summer learning strategy for your child, you can reach us virtually any time at 760-599-8873, [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]), or www.acetutoring.com.
References
https://www.cbs8.com/
https://www.nbcsandiego.com/
https://www.voiceofsandiego.org/
https://www.kpbs.org/
https://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/
https://twitter.com/Poway
https://www.smusd.org/
https://patch.com/
https://patch.com/
Image Reference
https://www.theguardian.com/
https://www.powayusd.com/
https://www.smusd.org/
https://tech.ed.gov/
submitted by AceOnlineTutoring to u/AceOnlineTutoring [link] [comments]


2020.05.15 22:16 brokencams found on unsettlingstories.com

Wikileaks rejected a State Department document and demanded that I destroy it.

My uncle worked for the State Department. He died a couple weeks ago. As per State Department policy, whenever one of their higher-ranking employees dies, the Department sends a small team to the home of the deceased to ensure they had no sensitive documents in their possession. It’s not that they distrust their dead colleague – they just don’t trust his family.
The Department team came to my uncle’s house one morning, spent a few hours rifling through his closets and drawers, and left with a small pile of papers. They expressed their condolences for my loss, then left. I never saw them again. Not even at the funeral.
On the night I visited and found him on the floor, dying of a heart attack, he told me something. It’s something I would’ve preferred to have never heard; something that made me wish I’d gotten to his house 20 minutes later to find him dead.
“Rockville Bank. Rangeley, ME. Deposit box 4426.” The key was on the ring between his car and house keys.
I pocketed the key before the paramedics arrived. He was dead by then. I went through the motions, arranged what needed to be arranged, and let the State Department do their thing. Last week, I drove from DC up to Rangely. I showed the bank the documents proving I was in charge of my uncle’s estate and owner of the contents of the box. The bank manager unlocked the main lock on top, then left me to unlock the other one on the bottom. Inside was an envelope containing a single sheet of paper dated August 4, 2016, that looked like it had been pulled out of a fire. I took it from the box, left the bank, and read it in my car.
I have to preface this by saying I’ve never been one for conspiracy theories. In fact, I think they’re all a bunch of bullshit. We landed on the moon. Oswald killed Kennedy. Islamic terrorists brought down the twin towers. Vaccines are safe and important. None of the major conspiracy theories have been able to hold up under scrutiny, and all the exponents of the theories are, in one way or another, unhinged. But.
But.
There’s nothing inside me that can adequately explain away what I read on that sheet of paper. Yes, it might be a hoax. During the long drive back to DC, I’d almost convinced myself that it was. But my uncle wouldn’t do something like that. He took his work seriously. He was passionate and moral. All the evidence pointed to the fact the document was real. And if that were the case, people needed to know about it. That had to have been why my uncle had hidden the file away. He wanted me, or someone else, to disseminate it after his death. I made up my mind, and when I got home, I submitted it to Wikileaks.
Five minutes later, I received a phone call. “Destroy the scan you sent us. It is not real. Destroy the file and the physical document. Do not attempt to submit it again. We know who you are.”
I hadn’t provided any personal information to Wikileaks. They don’t even ask for it. And hardly anyone has my phone number. Plus, no one else knew I had that document in my possession.
If anything could have proven the document was authentic and important, that was it.
That all happened last Friday. Every day since then, I’ve gotten calls from different numbers, all asking the same questions. “Is it gone? Is it destroyed?”
Each time, I hung up without saying anything. This morning, though, the voice on the other end said something different. “You will die if that document is leaked.”
I hung up and called the police, who said they would send a car over. But I’m still worried. I am going to destroy the document, but not before I transcribe it. Not before I put it online. Even if they get me – even if they kill me – I’m not sure I want to continue living in a world where the contents of that document are real.
I’ve replaced the burn marks with dashes. The content is still discernible. The context is still available. Whatever happens with this, once it’s out in the open, my conscience can be clear. If this is my last day alive, maybe I’ll be rewarded for bringing this to light. God knows if I live through today, I may never sleep again.
U.S. Department of State: Wikileaks & JA documentation — — summary
JA ordered multiple attempts on the — of BO JB HC according to — sources in — of Ecuador, London. Electronic surveillance of the — is ongoing, although human intelligence —. Following — offer of funding, most attempts linked to JA have stopped. Tactical reversion to JA — Embassy of Ecuador, London — budget to silence sexual assault — and smear accusers in tabloid — as promiscuous or drug users.
JA has accepted the — GBP sum in exchange for keeping secret US UK BZ IT — for refugee experimentation. (See cable —) — experimentation via biological, chemical, radiological, —
— — refugee populations in SY being moved — — —, though Ciprofloxacin shortage makes it difficult to keep enough alive before reaching BZ and IT labs. JA accepting variable sums to hold back information — to sick and dying refugees.
JA received cables — from RU re: US initial success in UK lab — Zika manipulation. Zika reengineering and subsequent failure — reanimation of dead tissue via adrenochrome.
Loss of containment in FL, US, GA, US, LON, UK — some bodies regaining movement and autonomy — — following brain death. In some cases, full recovery. — motivation altered. Wikileaks and JA rejecting — reports for GBP 1M per. Google, Yahoo, Microsoft, and others complying — —.
Final note:
JA assassination attempt on — — 2016 reported successful by — Ecuador, London and US team — via gunshot wound to head. Body — reanimated likely — dormant Zika — accidental exposure to lost mosquito — LON, UK lab. JA new motivation unknown. Gunshot — covered by hair styled — over wounds. Still responsive to — and communication.
Internet in general still unaware of bioengineered — outbreak. — and family of citizens in US and UK — — reanimated dead without anyone knowing it. Monitor cables from — and RU. Avoid mosquito exposure.
submitted by brokencams to deepstate [link] [comments]


2020.05.12 15:48 UsernameIsTaken17 125 anime with "romance"

I see a lot of requests for romance anime. The anime on this list have some form of romance in them and were good enough for me to complete. Lately I spend more time looking for new shows than actually watching them so maybe this helps you guys out.

-Comedy----------

{Noragami} action comedy about a girl's experience with an unknown god.
{Yoru wa Mijikashi Arukeyo Otome} Interesting movie which is basically a night out drinking gone weird.
{Video Girl AI} comedic drama OVA where MC gets a video tape for lonely guys and a girl comes out and starts living with him.
{Bakuman.} Shounen comedy drama about making manga.
{NHK ni Youkoso!} dark comedy where a girl tries to get a Hikikomori back into society.
{Kaguya-sama wa Kokurasetai: Tensai-tachi no Renai Zunousen} Comedy where two characters are trying to get the other to make the first move/confess.
{Itazura na Kiss} romantic comedy where a girl gets rejected but ends up moving in with the guy after her house gets destroyed.
{Toradora!} slice of life romantic comedy, probably the most recommended romantic comedy on this sub.
{Kami nomi zo Shiru Sekai} Comedu Harem where a Dating sim master needs to win the hears of "real" girls.
{Denpa Onna to Seishun Otoko} slice of life comedy where guy moves in with his aunt and weird niece who thinks she is an alien.
{Sakura-sou no Pet na Kanojo} slice of life comedy drama about a guy taking care of a talented girl who can't do any basic tasks herself.
{Tonari no Kaibutsu-kun} romantic comedy about a cold girl and a violent delinquent.
{Chuunibyou demo Koi ga Shitai!} Comedy about a guy that used to have Chuunibyou syndrome trying to handle a girl that still has it.
{Hataraku Maou-sama!} reverse isekai comedy where a demon lord transports to the human world and starts to work at a MgRonalds.
{Gekkan Shoujo Nozaki-kun} comedy about a girl and one of the most dence guys in anime.
{Yamada-kun to 7-nin no Mojo} comedy where weird things happen when the MC kisses someone.
{Tsurezure Children} comedy about different type relationships and how they get started.
{Karakai Jouzu no Takagi-san} slice of life comedy about a boy trying to get back at a girl that keeps teasing and outsmarting him.
{Skip Beat!} girl gets into showbiz to get back at her crush for using her.
{To LOVE-RU} Yuki Rito and his falling superpower (read the manga over the anime).
{5-toubun no Hanayome} MC gets a job tutoring quintuplets that are academically challenged.
{Araburu Kisetsu no Otome-domo yo.} Group of girls learning about sex.
{Midori no Hibi} a guys right hand turns into a girl
{Nisekoi} son of a yakuza boss has to fake a relationship with a rival gang to keep maintain peace.
{Kaichou wa Maid-sama!} Student council president works part time as a maid and gets caught.
{Working!!} MC who likes small things gets invited to work in a diner full of quirky people.
{Mayo Chiki!} Harem about a guy that is scared of women.
{Boku wa Tomodachi ga Sukunai} Harem about a club for making friends.
{Saenai Heroine no Sodakata} Harem where an otaku needs 3 girls to help him make his own visual novel.
{Ookami Shoujo to Kuro Ouji} Girl lies about having a boyfriend and ends up having to fake a relationship with a sadist.
{Dungeon ni Deai wo Motomeru no wa Machigatteiru Darou ka} MC is trying to become the greatest adventurer with the help of a lonely goddes.
{Okusama ga Seitokaichou!} wholesome ecchi show where a student council president and vice president find out their parents arranged their marriage and they start living together.
{Kono Bijutsubu ni wa Mondai ga Aru!} comedy about a schools art club.
{Demi-chan wa Kataritai} biology teacher getting to know the demi-human students.
{Kareshi Kanojo no Jijou} female class representative can't stand the male representative because he is more perfect than him. All she want is the attention and praise.
{Netoge no Yome wa Onnanoko ja Nai to Omotta?} MC proposes to a female in an online game that turns out to be a guy. Later a girl falls in love with him who happens to go to the same school. She can't tell real life and the online fantasy world apart though.
{Zero no Tsukaima} isekai with a pink haired tsundere.
{Nogazaka Haruka no Himitsu} the secret of most popular and perfect girl a an elite school gets found out by the MC. (The first season is good, after that it gets bad).
{Sankarea} MC wants an undead girlfriend and resurrects a dead girl.
{Haiyore! Nyaruko-san} MC gets saved by a girl who claims to be a shape shifting demon and starts living with him.
{Ore na Kanojo to Osananajimi ga Shuraba Sugiru} MC fakes a relationship with the most desired girl at school.
{HenNeko.} MC goes to a stone cat to pray for a certain trait to dissappear, but ends up wanting them back (Full name prevents me from linking it)
{Mikakunin de Shinkoukei} girl finds out that she has a fiancé that comes to live with them.
{Bokura wa Minna Kawai-sou} comedy about the MC living in a boarding house with quirky tenants.
{Masamune-kun no Revenge} fat kid gets slim to take revenge on a pretty and rich girl who rejected him.
{Gamers!} A.k.a. "misunderstandings the animation".
{Net-juu no Susume} guy playing a girl character and girl playing a guy character fall in love in an online game.
{Monster Musume no Iru Nichijou} harem with non human species.
{B-gata H-kei} girl who knows nothing about sex wants to hook up with 100 guys, finding the first turns out to be a problem.

-Drama----------

{Spice and Wolf} adventure/travel romance with great chemistry between the two characters.
{Cross Game} sports romance with drama and comedy.
{Anohana} feels.
{Shigatsu wa Kimi no Uso} feels + classical music.
{Plastic Memories} feels where a guy teams up with an android girl to retrieve other androids.
{Nagi no Asu kara} romantic drama and the relationship between the people of the sea and land.
{Koe no Katachi} a romantic drama movie/manga that I can't recommend more.
{Yahari Ore no Seishun Love Comedy wa Machigatteiru} romance drama/comedy with an antisocial MC.
{Rec} romantic comedy drama where a saleryman let's a voice actress live with him
{Nana} romantic drama comedy about 2 girls named Nana who start living together but are completely different
{Bokura ga Ita} slice of life romantic drama with an artstyle and voice acting that has not aged well but the story is good.
{Kimi ni Todoke} shoujo romance drama about a girl named Sawako that looks like Sadako from "the ring".
{Sakamichi no Appollon} music drama romance where two characters bond over jazz music.
{Sukitte Ii na yo.} romantic drama between an unpopular girl and popular guy and her insecurities about it.
{Ao Haru Ride} Romantic comedy drama where a girl reunites with the boy she used to like but it turns out he's changed.
Kokoro ga Sakebitagatterunda.} Girl makes a promise with an egg in which she loses her voice.
{Charlotte} drama about an MC that gets enrolled to a school for students with supernatural abilities.
{Chobits} romantic comedy drama form where the MC finds a female "persocom"/android and takes her home.
{Tsuki ga Kirei} the most realistic middle school romance.
{Beastars} drama about a wolf trying to cope with his carnivore instinct.
{Aishiteruze Baby} comedy drama high school kid takes care of an abandoned little girl
{Paradise Kiss} drama about a girl getting involved in the fashion world.
{Koi Kaze} guy and his sister....
{Ore no Imouto ga Konnani Kawaii Wake ga Nai} Loser brother and his popular sister....
{Koi to Uso} to battle the low birth rate the government arranges your partner. The MC however has fallen in love before getting his government notice.
{Golden Time} comedy drama where the MC starts hanging out with his friends stalker.
{Kiznaiver} group of students get artificially connected with each other.
{Kimi no Suizou wo Tabetai} movie where a guy accidentally reads a girls diary that says she is going to die.
{True Tears} Drama where MC finds out living together with his crush is not as great as he thought.
{Hourou Musuko} Drama about a boy and a girl that are uncomfotable with their gender identity.
{Mashiro-iro Symphony: The Color of Lovers} Harem where a all girl school turns co-ed.
{Kotoura-san} Drama about a girl that can read other peoples minds.
{Akagami no Shirayuki-hime} Girl meets a prince and becomes the court herbalist which causes problems (Not a great description but it's a good watch).
{Boku dake ga Inai Machi} When something bad happens the MC gets sent minutes before it happens so he can prevent it.
{Orange} girl receives a letter from herself from the future filled with regrets.
{Kuzu no Honkai} Drama about a couple that is only together because they are both in love with people they can't be with.
{Uchiage Hanabi, Shita kara Miru ka? Yoko kara Miru ka?} girl wants MC to run away with her.
{Tate no Yuusha no Nariagari} Isekai where 4 "heroes" get summoned to a different world to save them.
{Peach Girl} romantic drama about a girl who gets judged as a slut for her tanned skin that she's got because she's part of the swimming club.
{Suzuka} sports anime where the MC finds out a hot girl from school lives next to him.
{Umi ga Kikoeru} lesser known romance drama movie with ghibli name attached to it.
{KimiKiss Pure Rouge} romance drama, that I enjoyed but don't remember much about.
{Daitoshokan no Hitsujikai} Harem where the MC starts of saving a girl from a train after getting a message about it happening.
{3D Kanojo: Real Girl} otako starts dating a "real" girl and doesn't know how to handle it.

-Supernatural----------

{Bakemonogatari} supernatural mystery with great dialogue (In case you don't know where to start).
{Kokoro Connect} supernatural drama where strange events happen to the members of the cultural society club.
{Inari, Konkon, Koi Iroha.} girl gets the power to transform from a god and has to live with it (very enjoyable).
{Kimi no Na wa.} Great visuals and interesting story (perfect gateway anime)
{Sakurada Reset} supernatural mystery, don't see many people talking about it but really enjoyed it.
{Seishun Buta Yarou wa Bunny Girl Senpai no Yume wo Minai} good characters and interesting story where the MC helps different girls get trough their supernatural problems.
{Kyoukai no Kanata} girl who can use her blood as a weapon hunts down creatures that manifest negative emotions.

-Slice of Life----------

{Hanasaku Iroha} great slice of life/coming of age
{Hyouka} mystery slice of life, one of my favorites.
{Tamako Love Story} slice of life romance movie, good as stand alone but better if you watched {Tamako Market} first.
{Ore Monogatari} romantic comedy about a big dude and a tiny girl.
{Sennen Joyuu} movie with action and adventure about 2 guys making a documentary about the life of a famous actress visualized trough movies she starred in.
{Koi wa Ameagari no You ni} girl in love with her way older boss
{Mimi wo Sumaseba} ghibli slice of life romance
{Kobato.} wholesome romantic slice of life drama with lots of Hanazawa Kana.
{Chihayafuru} slice of life sports anime with some romantic elements but mostly about a girl obsessed with Karuta (It's good though).
{Ookami Kodomo no Ame to Yuki} slice of life where a girl falls in love with a werewolf and have children.
{Isshuukan Friends.} Slice of Life comedy where a guy hangs out with a girl who forgets him every week.
{Hiyokoi} tiny shy girl comes back to school after recovering from an accident.
{Honobono Log} tiny shorts about couples.
{Asagao to Kase-san.} Yuri where a girl falls in love with a tomboy.
{Yagate Kimi ni Naru} Girl is incapable of feeling love.
{Nodame Cantabile} Music Comedy about a guy and a girl that both play piano but have completely different personalities.
{Papa no Iukoto wo Kikinasai!} University student taking care of 3 young girls.
{Baby Steps} Sports shounen where guy starts playing tennis without having any experience.
{Momokuri} Comedy where a stalkerish girl finally gets together with her crush.
{ReLIFE} comedy where MC gets the chance to relive highschool.
{Wotaku ni Koi wa Muzukashii} comedy about otaku at work.
{Kannagi} Part of a sacred tree turns into a girl and starts living with the MC (sounds weird but is enjoyable).
{Amagami SS} every girl gets her moment to be best girl.
{Ano Natsu de Matteru} Drama about a group trying to make a movie in the summer.
{Nagareboshi Lens} Shoujo romance ova.
{Kotonoha no Niwa} Guy meets a girl and offers to make her shoes.
{Suki ni Naru Sono Shunkan wo.: Kohuhaku Jikkou Iinkai} High school romance drama about multiple couples.
{Nijiiro Days} show that follows 4 high school boys and their experience with relationships.
submitted by UsernameIsTaken17 to Animesuggest [link] [comments]


2020.05.01 13:20 viceadvice [RECAP] Small mountain wedding - April 27, 2019 - Oregon

[RECAP] Small mountain wedding - April 27, 2019 - Oregon

Silcox Hut, Mount Hood, Oregon
To those of you with postponed weddings due to COVID, my heart goes out to you. You truly deserve one helluva celebration when this is all over!
I neglected to post a recap after getting married last April, and I thought our one year anniversary was as good as any to post and share!
----------
Date: April 27, 2019
Venue: Silcox Hut on Mount Hood, Oregon
What we all come here for: Album of pictures – focused on details
GUEST COUNT
  • Invited: 45
  • Accepted: 35
  • Declined: 10
  • No show/late cancel: 1 (my mother - more on that below)
Our venue’s size capped our guestlist to 40 guests. We both come from small families, which made it easier for us to pull off an intimate wedding. About 50% of our guest list were from out-of-town or the country.
We considered our wedding a semi-destination wedding, even for local guests. Our venue is part of a ski resort 90 minutes outside of our home in Portland, Oregon. Once guests arrive at the ski resort, they took a snowcat up to our little mountain hut venue!
MISSION STATEMENT:
We allocated most of our resources into what we considered our three essentials: A memorable venue, a great photographer, and an open bar. We wanted to have fun! We spent very little or no money on things that were not important to us – e.g. invitations, flowers, cake. We didn’t follow many traditions, and just did what we loved!
----------
BUDGET:
Starting budget: $20,000
Actual cost: $18,000 (including all pre- and post-wedding events such as the rehearsal lunch; does not include the honeymoon)
We were privileged to have our wedding paid for by my wonderful MIL and SFIL. My father paid for the rehearsal lunch and open bar. We paid for our honeymoon (hiking in the Italian Dolomites in July 2019).
VENUE COSTS:
Venue: $10,650 (all-inclusive)
Our ceremony and reception took place at Silcox Hut, a mountain hut 7000’ up on Mount Hood outside of our home city of Portland, Oregon. My husband and I love climbing mountains together and we could not think of a more perfect place for our wedding!
Our venue was all-inclusive, including: catering, seating, cake, flowers, and a honeymoon suite at the main lodge (which we used the night after our wedding). The venue included a snowcat ride for all of our guests from the main ski resort.
I am so grateful we went the all-inclusive route; I am indecisive by nature and we personally did not want to spend our weekends picking out caterers, linens, or chairs. It may have ultimately cost more money to go with an all-inclusive space, but the difference was money well spent!
The mountain hut included a bunk room and 22 friends stayed the night with us at the hut to keep the party going! The next morning we had breakfast at the cabin together (waffles!) and then we got to take a ski lift down to the ski resort.
Our wedding package included a one-night stay in the fireplace king suite at the ski resort so we decided to spend the next night at the main ski lodge after saying goodbye to our friends and family. It was the perfect way to end our wedding weekend!
Food - included in venue package
Catering was done by the venue. The food was good (though not exceptional). We got to choose 2 entrees to serve and the menu met all dietary restrictions, which is good because we had 5 vegans at our wedding!
Cake - included in venue package
The venue has a contract with a beloved local bakery called JaCiva’s. We picked out our flavors and design; we kept it very simple with spackled frosting and a gold accent that my husband and I spray-painted ourselves in our backyard. Our cake flavor was red velvet cake with strawberry jam and Bavarian cream, and it was a hit!
Open bar - 3 hours included in venue package; $1030 for per consumption after
An open bar was one of our 3 essentials. We had some limitations in what we could serve since the small mountain hut did not have a full bar, but fortunately we knew what our guests liked to drink and tried to make sure there was something for everyone.
Since we were at elevation I think people had fewer drinks than they would at a wedding at sea level, but we were happy to pay for whatever guests wanted! The total per consumption bill came to $1030 (for an additional 5 hours of open bar serving 24 people).
We served: beer from local Portland microbreweries (with a few non-craft beers like Coors Light), wine from local Oregon vineyards, and three signature cocktails: Aperol spritzes and rum or bourbon old fashioneds. There were other simple mixers, too, to round out the cocktail menu.
Decor – $120 (I sold most of it after the wedding and recouped most of the expense!)
We loved the venue as-is; it was charming enough and didn’t need much else! For our table setting, we collected vintage brass candlestick holders from local thrift stores ($50 in total for about 22 holders). I purchased long-stem candles from Target ($7 for a pack of 12). For the sweetheart table we used an Ikea green velvet curtain panel from our bedroom as a tablecloth - and it worked perfect!
DRESS & ATTIRE COSTS:
Bride’s dress - $1200 (including alterations and a reception dress)
My dress experience was a disaster from start to finish! I bought an Allure dress in July that I immediately regretted, lost 40lbs, couldn’t fit into my original dress without some serious alterations, and ended up purchasing a completely new dress. The new dress - Blake from BHDLN - first arrived with stains on the front and back. I had to return it and then wait for my size to arrive on backorder. I had to do rush alterations and didn't have time to get it right. To be honest I didn’t love my dress and how I looked, but frankly I was just glad I had a dress at all on my wedding day after all that dress stress!
I sold both of my wedding dresses (the one I didn't wear and the one I did) for about 50% of what I paid, so I effectively got my money back on my first dress!
I also purchased a $100 from Lulu’s to wear as a reception dress (appears to be discontinued now but there are many other great options), just in case. I am really glad I did - by the time we got to dancing I was so tired of being in my wedding dress. Wedding dresses are heavier than you think! Changing into a simple, light dress made the end of the evening more fun.
Bride’s accessories - $70
A friend lent me her veil, another friend let me borrow her pearl drop earrings, and my MIL gave me her wedding pearls to wear (I wore them as a bracelet because the pearls didn't go with my neckline). I wore fun red jacquard block heels that I got on sale for $40 at Nordstroms. My $30 faux fur shawl from Amazon was both fun and practical - it was 12 degrees outside on our wedding day!
Groom’s suit and accessories - $750 (including alterations and shoes)
My husband wanted to invest in a suit he could wear after the wedding, too. He bought the second suit he tried on, and it happened to be on clearance (grooms can have it so easy!). As a sweet detail he wore Pendleton socks in the Olympic National Park design, which was an homage to where I grew up.
Hair and Makeup - $565 (bride and matron of honor)
I didn’t vibe with my hair and makeup artist! She was not very warm or personable, and I felt she made the most minimal effort during my trial and the day-of. She didn’t offer to try multiple looks and seemed put out when I asked for adjustments. My hair and makeup turned out adequate, so it was not a big deal. The rest of my vendors were so wonderful - maybe she just paled in comparison?
Rings: $84
My wedding band cost $72 from Mejuri; it’s the simplest thin silver band. My husband picked out a $12 ring on Amazon.
OTHER COSTS:
Photographer: $3,500 (including engagement photos and tip)
We went with Indwell Weddings in Portland. Our photographer Kiara worked hard and was so easy to work with. I posted our engagement photos on Weddit a bit ago.
Officiant: $160 ($0 + gift of hotel room and nice bottle of liquor)
We were married by our good friend, who has been happily married for 10 years and who had officiated before. My husband and I wrote our ceremony script together (lots of copy and paste from different ceremony scripts we found online, and then some tweaking to our taste). Our officiant then wrote his own “sermon” and closing remarks, and he killed it! His remarks were funny, personal, and sage.
Invitations: $48
We sent out prints of a vintage Timberline postcard as our Save the Dates. It cost us $20 for the prints and $5 for stamps. We then sent out Paperless Post evites ($20) for the official wedding invitation. I loved using evites because we could link right to our wedding website ($0, hosted by Zola) and we got super quick RSVPs!
Flowers - $15
We decided we didn’t want flowers for decor, as it clashed with our snowy mountain wedding vision. I bought two simple bouquets of flowers from the grocery store for my MOH and I the morning before the wedding for $15. They did not hold up well (obviously) but they were only relevant for like, <1 minute as we walked down the aisle.
Favors - $0; gifted from my very generous in-laws!
We did not initially plan to give out favors. Then, my husband’s parents surprised us by making small wooden boxes with a laser burnout of our venue on it. His parents like woodworking and they wanted a project, so they offered to make 20+ boxes to give out as wedding favors. We stuffed them with local artisanal treats like seasalt caramels from Jacobsen Salt Co. and truffles from Moonstruck. These treats cost us $0 because our Chase Sapphire Reserve card (which I highly recommend trying to get when you’re planning a wedding; the points we accrued paid for half our honeymoon) gave us $60 in credit to use at a local artisan store in our airport. Every time we had to travel for work in the months before the wedding we loaded up!
Music - $0
I made some killer playlists on Spotify and we used the venue’s sound system for no cost. We enlisted a good friend to cue up our processional and recessional. Our processional was “Outro” by M83 and it was the perfect amount of drama.
Wedding party gifts - $50
I paid for the hair and makeup for my sistematron of honor (included in overall hair & makeup price above) and the best man received a tie and tie bar (due to being a new dad, our BM wasn’t able to help with planning the wedding or the bachelor party, and he wore a suit he already owned; he was insistent we not give him a gift because he didn’t help with much).
Rehearsal Lunch & Welcome Drinks - $650
We hosted a rehearsal lunch on Friday, the day before. Our favorite restaurant just so happened to have a private back room and they only charged us for food and drink (e.g. no rental fee). We hosted 16 people and served a 3-course lunch with wine or cocktails. Later that night we hosted guests for drinks at a bar in Portland that also didn’t charge us a rental fee.
Random other costs:
The little things do add up, and we made sure to account for every little item in our budget spreadsheet. Some examples: We paid $30 for our vow books, $6 on a “Just Married” banner, $100 for snacks for our wedding party during set-up, $60 for the marriage license, $145 for a family brunch, and $50 on thank you cards and stamps.
----------
SUCCESSES:
  • I married my best friend high up on a mountain surrounded by our closest friends and family. I am so lucky!
  • Our table decor came together better than I could’ve imagined! I am glad we kept it simple and timeless.
  • We did not have a wedding coordinator and instead relied on our amazing siblings. We assigned them each a few small tasks during the day and they executed them like clockwork. We feel so grateful for how they all pitched in.
  • We were intentional to organize a few pre-wedding events to help out-of-town guests meet our local guests. We wanted our wedding to be comfortable for everyone because it was small and they were all kind of stuck together in a cabin at 7000'. Many guests remarked how much they appreciated getting to know guests before the wedding. It was really heartwarming to look up at dinner and see friends from across our lives talking and laughing!
  • Having a sleepover with 22 friends after the wedding was so fun! Maybe not the most romantic wedding night but we loved it!
DISAPPOINTMENTS:
  • My mom bailed on the wedding (and the other wedding events) a few days before the wedding. She decided not to come because she did not want to be in the same room as my father. They have been divorced for 30 years and they both attended my siblings’ respective weddings, so her decision was surprising and deeply hurtful. I haven’t spoken to my mother since our wedding and she never texted or called to ask how it went, even 1 year later. Luckily all of our friends and other family members are amazing and got me through the day.
  • My dress! I had so many hiccups with my wedding dress that ultimately I sort of settled and due to rush alterations I didn’t have time to make fit adjustments.
  • My shapewear. Heed my advice: Test-run your shapewear in advance! If I had worn my shapewear for a day I would have quickly realized it was ill-fitting and unflattering. Because it didn’t fit properly, I was constantly manipulating my posture to keep it up, or excusing myself to another room to try to tug it up. It definitely showed in many photos that my shapewear was causing me issues.
  • The weather was both a disappointment and a blessing. We were not able to get as many couple photos outside due to the freezing cold, high winds, and poor visibility. I think there are maybe only 2 pictures where my hair isn’t blowing all over my face! That said, the photos we were able to get were more dramatic and moody, which I love. The next day [everyone woke up on the mountain to blue skies and sun] so our friends and family got to experience a full range of mountain weather!
ADVICE:
  • Test your shapewear! Wear it for one full day around the house and make sure it fits sitting, standing, bending and dancing.
  • We set aside money in our budget for what I called the “stress tax.” It was money I used to throw at unexpected problems or to make the planning process easier. I am normally very frugal but decided early on to spend some money to minimize whatever stress I could. We cut a few things from our budget to give ourselves this wiggle room. I recognize this is a huge privilege, and I am very grateful to have in-laws who could give us this gift.
  • If you are a person prone to stress and indecisive in nature, I highly recommend going the all-inclusive route. Whatever additional money it may have cost saved us hours of looking at chairs, cutlery, tables, etc. - and frankly it was so worth it!
  • Go ahead and assume the rehearsal with your wedding party will be 10x harder than you think it should be. Expect for your lovely friends and family to talk over you and be distracted (bless their hearts). Plan for extra time. Do a run-through with your spouse ahead of time so you can both give directions. And even if the rehearsal doesn’t go smoothly, trust that your friends are smart and they will figure it out on the actual day.
  • If you are doing toasts, ask your friends and family members for their toast notes (if they wrote it down). It's nice to have a record of what your dear loved ones said!
  • I used Google Drive so much that I thanked Google in my thank you toast (seriously). I created detailed schedules, task lists, and other important documents there. Our wedding party probably thought I was a little overkill but on the day-of they knew exactly what they were supposed to do!
NOTES ON HAVING A SMALL WEDDING:
  • Even with <40 guests, we didn’t get to spend quality time with every guest! I was very surprised by this. I am glad we had some pre-wedding events so I could catch up with our out-of-town guests.
  • The only thing I think I missed out on is having a big dance party. Everything else about a small wedding was perfect for us.
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2020.02.20 10:48 designer-singapore 8 Wordpress Tips and Tricks for Beginners practices to make your websites by Subraa Freelance Wordpress Website Designer in Singapore

8 Wordpress Tips and Tricks for Beginners practices to make your websites by Subraa Freelance Wordpress Website Designer in Singapore
A new yr means a brand new opportunity to discover WordPress suggestions and fine practices to make your fine web sites yet! Whether it’s taking the time to carry out easy plugin updates or planning a blog redecorate across the Gutenberg editor, there are pretty some ways you may focus your efforts to construct your pleasant WordPress websites in 2020. Professional freelance wordpress website designer to design your business website is more effective.

Web Designer

1. Always make website updates in a check environment

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WordPress 5.zero became released at the quit of 2018, which brought the Gutenberg editor. Even if you’re making plans to use the Classic Editor Plugin for a whilst (which will be supported until December 31st, 2021), it’s well worth getting to know our new buddy Gutenberg this yr.
I endorse putting in a nearby WordPress web page going for walks version 5.0, so that you can safely experiment with the new editor without any hazard on your real website.If you’re a content material creator, strive creating a new publish with Gutenberg so that you can see the way it feels to use blocks. You may also get some new ideas for formatting future articles!
If you’re a developer, you can import a copy of your live website into your local surroundings, and then replace WordPress 5.zero to do a little troubleshooting. This will let you see how your website’s present content reacts to Gutenberg, so that you can position a plan in the area to update the stay website designing.
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This WordPress tip is nothing new, however it’s so crucial that it’s worth including in any best exercise list! Now’s an appropriate time to audit your issues and plugins to make certain they’re up to date and walking like they should be.
While it is able to feel tedious to run through all the websites you control simply to update these things, it’s incredibly essential for both website velocity and security. Outdated versions may additionally have vulnerabilities that placed the website online at threat, and consider how much greater time it’s going to take to fix a site with malware.

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This best practice also isn’t new, however it remains incredibly vital: Your website desires to be fully responsive and mobile-friendly. If you’re the use of nicely-maintained WordPress issues and plugins that are up to date (which, in keeping with the final tip, you have to be!), there’s a decent hazard your website online routinely performs quite nicely on smaller screens.
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5. Add SSL certificate to each web page

There became a factor in time wherein SSL certificates were best considered important for certain varieties of websites, like eCommerce stores or online bank portals that were dealing with sensitive purchaser statistics. Today, however, having an SSL certificate to your web site is considered a satisfactory practice, even if you’re just constructing a personal blog.
Google has even started out flagging web sites without an SSL certificate as “now not secure,” which is definitely not something you need showing up in your website.
If you don’t have an SSL certificate installed, start with your web hosting provider. Many will genuinely offer SSL certificates (a commonplace gain of controlled WordPress hosts). Flywheel offers Simple SSL, a free certificate powered by using Let’s Encrypt, for every site. This manual to SSL will assist you learn more.

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This tip is all approximately helping you have got a more productive and efficient year in terms of building sites for customers. One of the pleasant ways to enhance your workflow is to simplify the range of WordPress subject matters, plugins, add-ons, apps, extensions, etc. which you use. Sure, there will always be new demanding situations to solve and unique site requirements, but do a little audit of all of the tools you use. Is there any overlap? Can you simplify?
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If you haven’t observed your favorite tools yet, that’s okay. But make 2020 the year you boom efficiency through defining your go-to options, so studying a custom solution is the exception, now not the rule.

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8. Use Title Tags and Alt Text

Images could make an internet site. They maintain readers engaged, spotlight key points, and normally elevate a web page out of dreariness and into the light. But they don’t simply appear good they can also work difficult in your website online at the back of the scenes.
When you’re including an image for your web page, make certain to add an identity, and some alt text. These may sound strange to begin with, but it truly shouldn’t be too tricky to get the dangle of. Alt textual content tells visitors what the image is displaying if for any motive they can’t see the picture – perhaps if they’re the usage of a display reader, or the picture truly hasn’t loaded.
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2020.02.08 15:43 Idz4gqbi test

As celebration for 2k Fou’ing my Munenori this post is written to introduce more people to the historical Yagyu Munenori and to discuss his implementation within FGO. If you prefer imgur formatting, interspersed with image, go here.
“Since you are a master in the martial arts without equal past or present, you are most resplendent in rank, stipend and reputation. Waking or sleeping, you should not forget this great boon and in order to return this favour by day and by night, you should only think of fulfilling your loyalty.” -Takuan Soho, The Unfettered Mind
In the summer of 1615, during the Siege of Osaka, a desperate enemy force launched a surprise attack and broke into shogun Tokugawa Hidetada’s camp. The shogun’s men were thrown into disarray as the assailants rapidly advanced their way to close proximity with the shogun himself.
There they confronted a middle-aged samurai, who stood calmly in front of the shogun’s horse. The man stepped forward, and with incredible swiftness, dexterity, and fluidity, killed seven of the opposing warriors in an instant.
The middle-aged samurai was Yagyu Tajima no Kami Munenori, sword instructor to the shogun and the man most trusted to be by the shogun’s side.

A Sword Instructor’s Rise to Ascendancy

Yagyu Munenori was born in 1571, in the midst of Japan’s turbulent Sengoku (warring states) era, as the youngest son among five brothers. His eldest brother was crippled by a bullet in war in the very year Munenori was born, his second and third eldest became monks, while the fourth left the family village to serve another bigger clan. It was clear early on, even to child Munenori, the future of the family would become his responsibility.
As a child, he would have witnessed his father Sekishusai’s careful manoeuvring among more powerful clans for survival as he studied the sword under his father at the same time.
For a brief period, his father worked for warlord Oda Nobunaga. Nobunaga was eventually betrayed and power fell to Toyotomi Hideyoshi (Chacha’s husband), who seized most of the Yagyu manor on trumped-up charges, likely for political reasons. The seizure forced the Yagyu clan to disperse for a number of years, and brought hardship and poverty to the family.
Such childhood experience imparted a thoughtful character and perspicacious awareness of politics to Munenori, which would shape his life and his way of the sword.
The critical turning point of Munenori’s life occurred when a certain Tokugawa Ieyasu, a cautious man vying to become Japan’s uncontested ruler, invited Sekishusai to visit his villa. Ieyasu was an enthusiastic student of the sword, no doubt he heard of Sekishusai’s reputation and was eager to learn his techniques. Although Ieyasu likely also valued Sekishusai’s regional connection which would be helpful in the eventual power struggle.
Sekishusai brought his twenty-two years old son Munenori along to assist in the demonstration, which included a live spar where an unarmed Sekishusai defeated an armed Ieyasu. Ieyasu was profoundly impressed by both father and son, and asked Sekisuhsai to serve as his sword instructor. Sekishusai, who was sixty-six, declined on the basis of his old age, and instead recommended his son Munenori.
At that point, Yagyu Munenori was young and unproven, but Ieyasu agreed to the arrangement without a second thought. Tokugawa Ieyasu must have sensed some intrinsic value in Munenori’s character, beyond mere swordsmanship, which would be valuable to him and his successors.
Teaching Ieyasu Yagyu Shinkageryu, Munenori quickly acquired a reputation in the Tokugawa inner circle as a ‘living master of the sword’. Being able to observe Ieyasu up close, combined with the wisdom and insight he gained from watching his own father, turned Munenori into someone whose advice were worthy of a ruler’s ears.
The Toyotomi were crushed once and for all during the aforementioned Siege of Osaka, where Chacha and her son Hideyori committed seppuku in the midst of the flaming and besieged castle, bringing an end to the Sengoku era. Tokugawa shogunate would then reign supreme for two centuries in an era of relative peace, and Yagyu Munenori was the right-hand man of the first three shoguns in the Tokugawa government’s formative period.
Going into FGO for a moment, it is incredibly intriguing to see all three of Munenori’s skills as a servant and his Noble Phantasm seems to be able to be further elaborated on by the actual writings of the historical figure himself. All quotes are from Heiho Kadensho (A Hereditary Book on the Art of War).
Skill 1: Shinkageryu
“The martial arts have many points in common with Zen. These include in particular an aversion to being detained by things. No matter what secret tradition you receive, no matter what technique you use, if your mind is detained by that technique, you will suffer defeat. Your mind should not be detained—whether by the actions of your opponent, by your own actions, or by cutting and thrusting. This is essential.”
Skill 2: Suigetsu
“The phrase ‘moon on water’ (‘suigetsu’) refers to the fact that if there is a certain distance between you and your opponent, his sword will be unable to strike you. In keeping this distance, we use the martial arts. Stepping inside this distance and stealing close to your opponent without his noticing is like piercing the reflection of the moon on water.”
Skill 3: Swordless Form
“What is called No-Sword is the not the art of taking a man’s sword; it is being able to use all implements freely. When you have no sword and wish to take your opponent’s to use as your own, anything that comes into your hands should be of use. Even if you only have a fan, you should be able to defeat your opponent’s sword. No-Sword is just this attitude.”
To further explain the concept introduced by the third skill, it should not be understood as a literal bare-handed blade block as permeated by popular culture. According to descriptions of Sekishusai’s spar with Ieyasu, the actual act of capturing the opponent’s sword is more akin to a well-timed grappling move. Capturing the opponent’s sword should also not be viewed as an end in and of itself, instead it is just a means to an end.
“If your opponent does not want his sword taken, you should not insist on trying to take it. No-Sword is also in not taking the sword when your opponent has this attitude. A man who is consumed by the thought of not having his sword taken is going to forget the aim of cutting his opponent.”
As Munenori wrote above, the true philosophy behind ‘No-Sword’ is the ability to effectively harness all implements available at your disposal such that your readiness to fight (literally or figuratively) is not influenced by whether you have a sword (or any weapon of your choice) by your side.
Noble Phantasm: Kenjutsu Musuo, Kenzen Ichinyo
Servant Munenori’s Noble Phantasm ‘Kenjutsu Musuo, Kenzen Ichinyo’ is named after two key phrases which belies the essence of the historical Munenori’s swordsmanship. ‘Kenjutsu Musuo’ means ‘Peerless in Swordsmanship’, a praise delivered by shogun Iemitsu when mourning Munenori’s passing. ‘Kenzen Ichinyo’ means ‘Sameness of Sword and Zen’, a concept central to Munenori’s teaching.
The first variation of his Noble Phantasm line goes:
“…Mine heart is immovable, and yet it must be free. Thusly, it has entered the realm of no desires and no thoughts…”
While from Satsuninto of Heiho Kadensho:
“When you have continuously made great efforts and have accumulated discipline without really noticing, you will have left aside the thought of doing things well, and will have attained the realm of No-Mind/No-Thought…your body, hands and feet will make no mistakes. But if your mind slips in even slightly, you will miss your aim.”
“The man who has been able to pacify his mind once and for all from beginning to end…can mingle with the dust of the world and remain unstained. Though he moves through the world all day long, he himself is unmovable. This is like the moon that seems to follow the innumerable waves, yet truly moves not at all. This is the sphere of one who has reached the ultimate of the Buddhist Law.”
Munenori was explaining the mental state one should reach to attain true mastery, true mastery of not just the sword but of all things in life. Then the first Noble Phantasm line may to be referencing this mental state of mastery.
The second variation of Noble Phantasm line:
“...A sword shows its true worth on the boundary of life and death…Which side will you see upon confronting my sword?...”
In Yagyu Shinkageryu, the sword has two sides. As written by Munenori’s father Sekishusai in Motsujimi Shudan Kudensho (没滋味手段口伝書):
“…every time the sword is in stance, it is called the Death-Dealing Sword (satsuninto). When it is not in stance, it is called the Life-Giving Sword (katsujinken). Moreover, the sword in stance always cuts down the opposition and removes it; when it is not in stance, it gives life to the opposition and thus is called the Life-Giving Sword.”
In the closing words of Heiho Kadensho, Munenori wrote:
“At the heart of this work is the idea that the sword that kills people can, on the contrary, becomes a sword that gives them life. In a chaotic society, many people are killed for no reason. The Death-Dealing Sword is used to bring a chaotic society under control; but once this has been done, cannot that same sword become a Life-Giving Sword?”
Yagyu Munenori’s life was a profound demonstration of the Life-Giving Sword, but when the Noble Phantasm line is uttered as a servant it would be a foregone conclusion the enemy would only see his Death-Dealing Sword.
Translation credit of first Noble Phantasm line. Second Noble Phantasm line uses official translation.
Battle Animation
Battle animation of servant Munenori is said to be based on actual move sets of Yagyu Shinkageryu. As documented in Shinkageryu Heiho Tachi Den (新陰流兵法太刀伝):
These are some of the oldest moves in Shinkageryu predating Munenori, while the quick-draw attacks were said to be Munenori’s personal addition to Yagyu Shinkageryu.
(Please note I do not have direct access to Shinkageryu Heiho Tachi Den, this is my educated guesswork based on secondary sources I am able to find regarding the book for the names of the actual techniques these animations are based on.)
His moves appear almost simple. It is a no frills no nonsense approach to cutting down the opponent, and not dissimilar to moves one can observe in a modern-day kendo expert. The transition from attack to attack might seem almost abrupt, but it should be taken as an indication of his incredible speed (A++ Agility). Within every attack, each strike flowed like water.
“Although there are a hundred kinds of stances, they all exist for the same purpose: to defeat the opponent.”
Value of the Sword
Munenori believed there was more to learning the sword than just cutting a man down. He recognised the universality of the underlying principles of the martial arts. Sword fighting is a martial art, but so are governing the country, practising calligraphy, horse riding et cetera: all activities can be approached as a martial art. Despite the widely varying natures of all these arts, underlying principles in approaching them are transferrable. Learning Munenori’s way of the sword was not to learn how to kill an opponent, but instead it was a vehicle for personal development.
Ieyasu and Iemitsu were avid students of the sword, while Hidetada was largely indifferent to the sword. Nonetheless, all three generations of Tokugawa shoguns found great value in Munenori’s sword lessons such that Munenori would serve by their side for the rest of his life. To the shoguns Munenori’s lessons must have been more profound than just learning how to swing a sword.
Indeed, although Munenori's hallmark work Heiho Kadensho is a book principally about swordsmanship, he repeatedly emphasised the ideas conveyed in his work transcends the sword:
“While you are governing a country, it is yet again a martial art to keep your mind clearly on the farthest corners of the farthest province and to appoint various officials to keep guard over them…it is essential that you observe the inner workings of the country and prevent its ruin at the hands of the officials with various personal agendas. This is like the martial art of seeing into the intentions of your opponent in a sword match by observing his movements…Truly, the arena may change, but the principle is the same, and thus you could apply this to national affairs and make no mistakes.”
"Because our clan is involved in the martial arts, I have spoken of this in conjunction with them; but it should not be restricted to the martial arts alone."
Ascendancy
His authority steadily increased over the years of service, to an extraordinary extent unimaginable for a mere sword instructor:
In 1629, he took the title of Tajima no Kami, or ‘Guardian of Tajima’. With mineable silver and bronze, the Tajima province was an area of great strategic importance to the resource-constrained Japan, only someone absolutely trustworthy should be assigned to the responsibility of that province.
In 1632, he became Sometsuke, responsible for keeping an eye on the activities of other daimyos (feudal rulers who were the shogun’s vassals). Sometsuke was a position that did not exist before Munenori, it was a title created for the man. Munenori spread the Yagyu clan spread all over Japan and his students taught other daimyos as sword instructors, with this Munenori developed an extensive personal intelligence and influence network around Japan. Coupled with his own shrewdness and loyalty, this made him the perfect candidate to act as the shogun’s head of intelligence to root out corruption and conspiracy.
With the promotions, his stipend increased as well, and in 1633 he finally became a daimyo himself. Possessing fief of 10,000 Koku was the qualification to be a daimyo; in all likelihood Munenori’s sway on the shogun had exceeded the average daimyo long before that, it just took a while for his pay to match his influence.
Becoming daimyo would not be the end of Munenori’s ascendancy, his stipend would eventually reach a staggering 12,500 Koku.
Yagyu Munenori was a rare man whose political power and influence, together with his martial art, reached the lofty apex. Perhaps one can even say politics and swordsmanship were inseparable elements of his martial art, and therefore the mastery of one meant the mastery of other.
Representing Ascension
In FGO, Munenori ditching the kataginu (brown vest-like part of his attire) from first to second ascension may be a reference to his political ascension to becoming daimyo himself, because in the Japanese theatres kataginu seems to represent a samurai serving a daimyo. A theatre metaphor would be fitting too, given Munenori was a huge fan of Noh theatre performances.
There is also a bird motif going on in FGO Munenori’s ascension art from second to third ascension. The peacock in the background of his third ascension art is often regarded as an incarnation of the ancient mythical Chinese bird called Fenghuang, otherwise called Houou in Japanese.
Honchou Bugei Shouden (本朝武芸小伝) was published in 1716, seventy years after Munenori’s death, by a master of a different martial arts school called Tendoryu. In the book the writer discussed various famous martial art schools and their practitioners. The writer wrote Yagyu Munenori was ‘Ken Jutsusha no Otori (刀術者之鳳)’, translated literally it meant Munenori was the ‘big bird among swordsmen’. However, the kanji 鳳 used for ‘big bird (Otori)’ has a distinct meaning referring to Fenghuang (鳳凰-same characters in both Chinese and Japanese):
Fenghuang is the bird above all other birds, and its status is equal to the dragon. It is a symbol often associated with royalty, and carries the connotation of harmony under the rule of an emperor. Chinese in origin, this mythical creature and its significance spread to Japan.
So if swordsmen were to be compared as birds, then Yagyu Munenori was the Fenghuang.
It is certainly an apt metaphor, given he was the swordsman who rose to ascendancy from the ashes of war and his sword style ruled Japan in peacetime as the designated sword style to learn for the elite samurais of Tokugawa’s Japan.
FGO Munenori’s final ascension art forms an interesting contrast with his real-life statue, although I am not certain if this is intentional of his illustrator Furumi Showichi. Both depicts him in a seated position, but for the statue Munenori’s sword is tucked away at his side barely visible while in his final ascension art he appears to be cleaning his blade allowing it to be displayed prominently. In history, most of Yagyu Munenori’s glories were not directly connected to sword fighting, but as a servant his blade is taking on a much more prominent role.
Servants are summoned in their prime forms, and Munenori’s prime would be as an old man: an old man who have reached the height of his political powers, have dedicated his entire life to honing his blade, spreading his martial art and have written influential treatises on kenjutsu (Japanese swordsmanship) such as Heiho Kadensho.
(I am really, really impressed with the work Furumi has done for Munenori, if only this can reach her somehow. The crew at Delightworks who animated the man, too, deserves the highest praise.)

Character of the Sword Instructor

Various accounts of Munenori can further our understanding of the figure as a person.
Future Prediction
An incredibly discerning man, he predicted the outbreak of the Shimabara rebellion (lead by a certain teenager called Amakusa Shirou) and that Itakura Shigemasa, who was sent by shogun Iemitsu on a punitive expedition, would die in the expedition.
What was most revealing of Munenori’s character was his response to his own prediction. Learning of Shigemasa’s deployment, Munenori desperately tried to stop it. He went as far as riding on horseback late into the night to pursue Shigemasa, and upon realizing he was too late to catch up he immediately returned to directly appeal to Iemitsu to rescind the order.
Not one to have his orders questioned, Iemitsu stalked out of the room. Munenori, ever the patient teacher, waited alone unmoving through the night seated right where Iemitsu left him. The following day Iemitsu finally asked for Munenori to explain his stubborn behaviour:
Although Shigemasa was loyal and capable, the local daimyo would disregard his authority due to his relatively lower status, and this would ultimately result in Shigemasa’s death.
Iemitsu listened patiently but still refused to rescind.
The situation progressed just as Munenori explained: Shigemasa with his authority undermined was ordered to be replaced by Matsudaira Nobutsuna. On 1 January 1638, Shigemasa led a desperate charge on the rebel’s castle and was killed by an arrow.
Iemitsu would rely on Munenori’s advice even more heavily ever since.
Staring EX
Once Munenori watched a Noh performance by the side of shogun Iemitsu, and before the performance began, Iemitsu ordered Munenori to observe performer Kanze Sakon’s actions carefully for any point during the acting when Kanze’s attention was distracted enough that Munenori might be able to attack him. Kanze seemed thoroughly attentive in performance such that the shogun believed that even the master swordsman could find no opening.
Kanze was dripping with sweat when he finished and retired to the dressing room. He told his attendant Munenori’s eyes were “following me all along, so I continued to dance, hardly daring to breathe. But when I finally passed the stage right pillar, I stopped for a breath and he gave me a little smile. Really, I was mentally exhausted!”
When asked by Iemitsu if he saw an opening, Munenori replied “Kanze left no opening during the entire dance, but just as he passed the pillar he let out a gasp. There I could have cut him down with no difficulty.”
Instinct
Late in Munenori’s life, there was an episode where while he sat on his veranda engrossed in the full bloom of the cherry blossoms, he suddenly intuited danger and swung around to check. Yet only his faithful page was behind him. Munenori was upset at his perceived dulling of sense which he spent his life sharpening.
Noticing his master’s souring mood, the page inquired for the cause. At Munenori’s explanation, the page apologised and confessed that at watching his master’s abstraction in the spring scene, he very briefly wondered if even a swordsman as accomplished as Yagyu Munenori might be attacked and killed in this state of vulnerability. Munenori seemed to be satisfied with this revelation, and never mentioned the matter again.
Lifelong Learning
Munenori was a well-read and eloquent man, this is evident with his ability to seamlessly quote and reference a wide range of Buddhist and Chinese literature in Heiho Kadensho to explain the philosophical foundation of his arguments, or even just to title the sections of his work.
Heiho Kadensho was meant to be read and understood by students of Yagyu Shinkageryu (including the shogun), then Munenori’s lexicon would indicate a high level of education among his students. This is expected given Munenori made Yagyu Shinkageryu into the designated sword style to learn for the elites of Tokugawa’s Japan, however Munenori himself came from a much humbler background and he likely received no formal education at all beyond his father’s sword education.
Then where did Munenori learn such lexicon? Apart from his political and family responsibilities, he must have rigorously engaged in intellectual pursuits in his adult life alongside his pursuit of swordsmanship.
Final Request
In his final days, with his health declining, Munenori had a final meeting with the shogun Iemitsu. The shogun inquired if he had any last requests. Munenori commended his sons to the shogun’s patronage, and requested a monument be built to his father Sekishusai at the Yagyu manor.
Iemitsu agreed immediately, and six days later Munenori passed away peacefully in his sleep on 26 March 1646. He was seventy-six, it was a long life for his era. After his death, sometimes Iemitsu could be heard wondering “If only Munenori were here, I could ask him about this.”

What would the historical Munenori think of the Munenori in Shimousa?

Given Shimousa’s plot was a wholesale reference to Makai Tensho, it was inevitable Yagyu Munenori would play the antagonist in Shimousa.
In Shimousa, Munenori experienced the thrill of dueling when female Musashi somehow tempted him into a fight back in Musashi’s trial quest. Shimousa Munenori became so desperate to get another taste of battling Musashi such that he turned against everything he stood for in life, cooperated with the villains and let the world turn to hell. He became a demon of the sword; even if he was not explicitly mind-controlled like the rest of the Heroic Spirit Swordsmasters, Shimousa Munenori had clearly lost his marbles with his female Musashi obsession.
I suspect this character motivation has left many non-Japanese players scratching their heads since they are missing the historical context of how Yagyu Munenori was better remembered by the general public as a politician than as a swordsman.
Yet, the historical Munenori would never become Shimousa Munenori even if he was in Shimousa Munenori’s shoes. The historical Munenori would probably mock at the absurdity and childishness of Shimousa Munenori.
"To think only of winning is sickness. To think only of using the martial arts is sickness. To think only of demonstrating the result of one’s training is sickness, as is thinking only making an attack or waiting for one. To think in a fixated way of expelling such sickness is also sickness. Whatever remains absolutely in the mind should be considered sickness.
Yagyu Munenori wrote thusly in Heiho Kadensho, this ‘sickness’ he wrote of would perfectly describe Shimousa Munenori. Yagyu Munenori from history was not a man interested in drawing his blade to fight just for the sake of it, nor was his martial art for something as superficial as showing his superiority over another martial artist. The historical Yagyu Munenori’s sword moved with a righteous purpose:
“There are times when ten thousand people suffer because of the evil of one man. Therefore, in killing one man’s evil you give ten thousand people life. In such ways, truly, the sword that kills one man will be the blade that gives others life.”
“It is missing the point to think that the martial art is solely in cutting a man down. It is not in cutting people down; it is in killing evil. It is the stratagem of killing the evil of one man and giving life to ten thousand.”
This is the wisdom of a man who lived through and witnessed the deaths and destruction of the Sengoku era, whose sword style would then rule Japan in the following era of relative peace.
In FGO Munenori’s interlude, he criticised his Shimousa self's behaviour. Douman tried to control him and turn him back into a Heroic Spirit Swordsmaster but Munenori fought him off with ease. We learn the Yagyu Munenori in Chaldea is the one from normal history who ascended to the status of a 'sword saint'; his mind is free of all worldly thoughts and desires making him even stronger than he was in Shimousa. Guda then recalls a previous meeting with Musashi, where she admitted she cannot defeat the version of Yagyu in Chaldea, although it is fine since she is evolving too.

Connection to other Shimousa Cast’s Historical Counterparts (No Spoilers)

Miyamoto Musashi
The closest Musashi got to Munenori was when he tried to become the Shogun’s sword instructor. Musashi was rejected, a result hardly surprising when Munenori already fulfilled that position splendidly in addition to being a political advisor and intelligence head.
Takuan Soho, Munenori’s dear friend and mentor on Zen philosophies, have no known contact with Musashi contrary to popular culture depiction.
Legend has it Musashi did have a chance meeting with Munenori’s nephew Hygonosuke, the two had a merry time together talking, playing Go, and working out sword techniques together. Munenori was the overall head of the Yagyu clan based in Edo, while Hygonosuke led a branch based in Owari serving a relative of the Tokugawa shogun, likely as Munenori planned.
Musashi was a very interesting foil to Munenori nonetheless. Musashi adamantly defined himself as self-taught, to the point of founding his own style Niten Ichi-ryu. In contrast, Munenori’s way of the sword had a long heritage, and he just as adamantly defined himself by his predecessors to the point where his pivotal book Heiho Kadensho was first signed with the name of Kamiizumi Nobustuna, the master of his father, and then his father’s, and only after that his own.
Musashi made his fame by travelling around, duelling other swordsmen, and then bragging about his victories in his writings. Munenori had no need to trifle himself with personal duels, for Yagyu Shinkageryu and his own capability were declared legitimate by the shogun’s patronage; instead he quietly polished his skills and built his political power, and in the end became better known for his political accomplishments.
However, as the episode during the Siege of Osaka showed—a spontaneous occurrence on battlefield instead of a meticulously prepared duel, Munenori’s actual ability in combat should not be questioned.
In FGO Munenori’s character profile, anecdotes where the historical Munenori criticised Musashi were brought up, however these anecdotes are likely fictional. There is a good chance Musashi was at best a mild curiosity at the periphery of Munenori’s mind, after all the two men were operating in completely different social strata and Munenori would have little incentive to even mention Musashi in his writings or conversations.
Conversely however, it would not be surprising if Musashi did long for a match with Munenori given the prestige and status of the man, as impossible as such a match would be because of that very same prestige and status.
One cannot help but wonder what would happen if Musashi met Munenori instead of Hygonosuke.
Houzouin Inshun
Inshun’s master and predecessor Inei played a small, but vital role in the formation of Yagyu Shinkageryu.
In 1559, Inei arranged Kamiizumi Nobutsuna, founder of Shinkageryu, to have a match with Inei’s friend Yagyu Sekishusai. At that point, Sekishusai was a young man in his thirties well-versed in swinging a sword and had real battle experience.
Sekishusai was soundly defeated twice, not by Nobutsuna, but by a disciple of Nobutsuna’s who tagged alone for the match. Shockingly, the elderly Nobutsuna requested a match with Sekishusai after the young man’s humiliation at the hands of his disciple.
The two faced off, but nothing happened and Sekishusai soon dropped to his knees and admitted defeat. The young man recognised the old master left no opening for an attack, and the old master recognised the young man was perceptive enough to be worthy of his instructions.
Sekishusai would study Shinkageryu under Nobutsuna, he became Nobutsuna’s star pupil and inherited Shinkageryu. With Sekishusai’s further development and ownership of the style the Yagyu name was appended to Shinkageryu, resulting in the formation of the sword style his son Munenori would spend his life perfecting and disseminating.
(Nobutsuna’s Shinkageryu did not come out of nowhere, it too can be traced further back in history although that is out of the scope of this post, such is the way martial arts develop and grow.)

Father and Son

In popular culture, Munenori is overshadowed by his son Jubei Mitsuyoshi.
Jubei studied the sword under Munenori just as Munenori studied under Sekishusai, and was noted to be a prodigy even in a clan full of expert swordsmen. As a young man, Jubei was considered qualified enough to occasionally fill in for his father for sword lessons with the third Shogun Iemitsu, and then he was inexplicably dismissed from service. Jubei would eventually resurface years later and be reinstated to serve the shogun.
This is the extent we do know about Jubei that is not fiction, the rest is unknown with significant portions of his life unrecorded. Jubei’s missing years were probably spent wandering the country, but in the end we just do not know what he did.
Jubei, with his life shrouded in mystery, captured the imagination of writers after his time and became the most famous Yagyu and the arguably most romanticised Samurai. Countless fictional tales were spun of the heroic exploits of a wandering one-eyed sword master (contemporary portrait of Jubei depicted him as two-eyed).
Just as the West like their gun-toting cowboys in a wild west setting, the Japanese like their swashbuckling swordsman in a countryside setting. Yagyu Munenori was decidedly not such protagonist material, but a Jubei or a Musashi would be perfect.
Munenori, with his prominent involvement in politics, generally receive less attention or get portrayed less flatteringly. In the aforementioned Makai Tensho, he was an antagonist while Jubei was the hero.
I personally find Munenori much more compelling as a figure, and I am glad he is the first Yagyu to make an appearance in FGO.
In FGO, Munenori drops oblique references to his son every here and there, giving us snippets for us to imagine and yet at the same time provide not enough information to paint a concrete image of what his son was like. In my opinion this is a fitting way to approach the myth of Yagyu Jubei.
Then one day Jubei drops for real in FGO.

Legacy

“I found Rome a city of bricks and left it a city of marble.”
-Augustus
Yagyu Munenori was a dutiful son, a master swordsman, a successful politician, a shrewd strategist and an intimidating spymaster.
When Munenori was born, the Yagyu clan was based in a small village in Nara embroiled by the era’s political instability, and he secured the future of his clan by turning it into the most prestigious sword school active all around Japan. With Munenori at the helm, the Yagyu clan experienced an exponential growth from 200 Koku to 12,500 Koku. Few, if any, other Japanese clans could rival the incredible growth the Yagyu did under Munenori.
His personal accomplishments and glories would fade with time, but Munenori left behind a much more tangible, living legacy:
His teachings on swordsmanship would last through the ages; today Munenori’s Heiho Kadensho is considered a central text on kenjutsu alongside Musashi’s Go Rin No Sho.
The All Japan Kendo Federation has a hall of fame for their swordsmen called Kendo Dendo, and in 2003 Munenori was among the first batch of inductees. He was inducted with the highest honour in recognition of his tremendous contribution to the development of kenjutsu, and to date the only other swordsman to share this highest honour with Yagyu Munenori was Miyamoto Musashi.
Although descriptors such as ‘the greatest’ ultimately lies in subjectivity, perhaps we can take these two swordsmen’s special induction as to who the historians of the Kendo Federation consider as ‘the greatest’ in Japanese sword history.
Munenori’s own school Yagyu Shinkageryu is active even today. Although today’s Yagyu Shinkageryu descends from Hyogonosuke’s Owari branch, it was Munenori’s lifetime efforts in engineering the metamorphosis of Yagyu Shinkageryu that provided the clout for the style to survive the test of time.
Yagyu Munenori navigated his life with cerebral strength, and left behind a legacy that continues to awe and inspire. He may not enjoy tremendous fame outside of Japan, but he was a man every bit as worthy a heroic spirit as the famous demigods, kings, knights, and heroes of other countries.
Closing Words
I thank all who took their time to read the post, and hope you find the time reading well-spent.
This post is the product of almost a month of gradual writing. Initially, I just wanted some accompanying text around screenshots of my maxed-out Munenori, but before I knew it the amount of text ballooned into something that belongs to a proper post.
Some people vaguely know him as some big-shot swordsman and politician from the past, while some people have never heard of him and wondered why is this man a heroic spirit. To some people he is just Sitting EX. I decided I have to give this interesting man a worthy introduction, if I do not no one else will.
Every time when I thought I wrote all I could about him, that I was done with the article for good, some new insights would pop up and compel me to write even more. It is absurd a mobile phone game can inspire this level of interest and dedication to a figure I knew nothing of before, but this is a testament to how well Yagyu Munenori has been implemented in the game.
Most accounts concerning Munenori are sourced and adapted from William Scott Wilson’s English translation of Heiho Kadensho titled “The Life-Giving Sword”, I strongly recommend giving this book a read for anyone interested in Yagyu Munenori. The rest are supplemented by online sources in both Japanese and Chinese, quality online information concerning Munenori in English is exceedingly difficult to find. FGO’s implementation of Munenori to Fate Lore are my own understanding and interpretation.
Any and all inaccuracies presented are my mistake.
submitted by Idz4gqbi to u/Idz4gqbi [link] [comments]


2020.01.13 16:40 CMButch Talking/Question about my sins

Salam, everyone.

I am gonna start with: there are five Pillars of Islam( I am gonna write them in English) first being (Faith), Second being( fasting), third being( prayer), fourth( Almsgiving) and last being (Pilgrimage)
I am a Muslim I come from Europe so pardon me if I say things incorrectly because in my language and accent it's different, but currently I am not big Muslim(NOR I CLAIM TO BE) , I am low Muslim reason being is I don't do Sujud. I do pray as in like ask Allah SWT for forgivness,for health and say prayers like Bismillah ir-rahman ir-rahim, Allahu Akbar, lā ʾilāha ʾillā llāh.
But I don't do Sujud as of now, I will do it in the future. I know that is obligation for Muslims and there shouldn't be no excuse, but problem is: no one taught me ( parents never taught me to do it) and right now I don't have will to do it because of personal problems like I am still in college/university even though I am 25.. I started going to college on age 19, then I have never had GF.. all those hurt me mentally but I am still strong, I feel because Allah SWT is giving me strength and I am grateful for that. But, I promised that I will do Sujud( if the God lets it be that way) once I finish college/University,once this gets of my back( I hope I finish it next year).
Some madhabbs say that if Muslim doesn't do Sujud, that makes him non-Muslim, is that true? I disagree with that because I know and feel in my heart that I am Muslim and that I pray to Allah SWT.
Now, my question is; once I do Sujud in upcoming years, can I do it like 3 prayers a day, then after 6 months 6 and after a year all 5? Because I feel if I do all 5 at once and I am not familiar with them I won't do it from heart but memory which won't count..
Now my friend who is doing all 5 prayers everyday I asked him if he couldn't do it on the strict times he said he does it once he can( because he works and he goes out for example) and I said: I read that that doesn't count only on strict times, he said it counts but less, is that true?
I do fast but not entire month which is bad, but same above because of those things. But I will start as of this year to slowly expand it with heart. Like 10 days this year, 20 days next year and full month 2022.
As of Almsgiving and Pilgrimage IIRC those are if you're wealthy enough which I am not currently, once I finish my college I will do Pilgrimage maybe once I am 40 or 50. As of Almsgiving, I am not too familiar to this but I do give some money even now to people who need it who need operations or something and I do from heart because I feel sorry for them.
Now onto other things about haraam and what I have done.
  1. It was 2018 and it was Ramadan and I was playing Fortnite ( I didn't fast that day) and I felt very awful but one guy have killed me in that shitty game( that I stopped playing like 1 year ago, thank Allah SWT) I got so mad that I said F God several times. I felt really awful and asked for Forgivness and even now I felt sorry and awful for saying that. But, Allah SWT did punish me because I am still in college/university which I deserved it. ( I did also curse God back when I played games and some one is making me super angry which I also repented it.)
  2. I made sick South Park level joke about Qur'an which also happened in 2018( which was the worst year for me) and even my friends told me that was too much and I did repent it( same with Shitnite stuff), I felt really sorry and I asked Allah SWT for Forgiveness even now I felt sorry( which I believe Allah punished me since I am still in college which I deserved it)
I feel these are only two big sins that I have done that I am aware of: making sick joke about Qur'an and swearing on God because someone made me angry or video games( which is why I understood why online vs video games are haraam because of this but I don't think they're haraam if someone like Ninja plays this who can contain the anger and not do this stuff, stupidity that I did, but for me because of anger issue that came from things I wrote: no GF, no money, didn't finish college) . I don't remember if I cursed on God in 2019( maybe once I did which I felt sorry) which is good because I am changing , becoming better person and better Muslim which I am grateful.
Now there are other things that I have done but which I think they're sins but maybe they're not. One is but I don't think it's that big because of story behind.
That thing is: Back in 2016/2017 when LeafyisHere was dominant on YT he created shitty "insult" KYS aka kill yourself. I never used as joke but I did use it as insult but hear my story:

I was and I still am at some degree power-scaler and movie lover. Power-scaler is a person who per say scales who has stronger power in fictional worlds like Goku vs Vegeta and movie lover is pretty explanatory.
So that would be implied that I had many many debates in my 5 years when I debated people on who would be stronger than who, I also hated Pewdiepie and I debated Bros about him that he sucks, I also debated about Youtubers that they don't deserve much money and doctors get way less. Anyway... during those debates it's not easy to not insult people which I HAVE NEVER DONE IN FIRST PLACE. My motto is have nice debate and never start a insult firsts. Maybe someday I did start first but it stays on that level.
90% people insult me first and we go and back forth and someone I told them to kill themselves, like "Kill yoruself". But immediately after that or 5-10 min after that I say sorry, it was out of place, childish I am sorry about that. I think that's a sin, but not big one because they don't actually do it because I don't think suicidal person would even debate who is stronger Goku or Vegeta let alone insult me first, but I apologized after that to everyone I believe and I regretted what I was saying. But I am not regretting when people told me to kill myself and I said; you first ;). Because they told me first.
I remember one person( I think we debated about something IDK what) I told hehim, " kys" and he/she said "Stranger told me to kms well I am going to now". I immediately said I am sorry it was bad of me etc. I don't remember if that person responded to me. But I feel that was liek sarcasm like " someone on internet told me to KMS wow, I am gonna do it" and that person beforehand insulted me thus I was angry to tell him/her to KYS.After 2016/2017 I never told anyone to kys except in November 2019 I told one guy to KYS on Pokemon video because he was responding to me about how Pokemon Sword and Shield Pokemon suck and I was angry because many idiots hate on new Pokemon( I am Pokemon fan) but after that I apologized to him.
I have anger issues and trust issues. Several weeks ago I tried to see how all those people I said KYS how they do , but since I have over 10,000 comments it couldn't load( comment history) I tried and Allah SWT knows and saw that. I just hope all those people are OK.
Another thing that I think it's haraam but not that big IMO is online piracy. I am not that wealthy and I am movie fanatic and I like video games. But I don't have that much money so I can buy movies which cost too much for my country I am not gonna lie. So what I do? I pirate them and video games. That same person who pray 5 times also pirates movies and games and I asked him if that's haraam he said it was but he said " If you're Bill Gates, you can buy them" meaning we're not wealthy enough to buy it, which I agree. I personally believe that's haraam but it's man-made thing and it's not like stealing a food( which is bigger haraam), I never stole anything except online piracy which like I said I have no choice, this is 21st century where technology is everywhere. You can't live without internet and entertainment per say. Video games and movies are everywhere and there are like 100 movies coming each year. How can you pay if you're not "Bill Gates" most of these movies and there are tons of movies.
I said that once I start working I will pay for some/most of stuff like games because games but for movies: I am sorry I will try and buy as much as possible but pirate if I must. And piracy in my country is not forbidden like in Germany it is, my friend who prays lives in Germany and once he came to our country he pirated as much and returned to Germany.
Now, there are other things that some people on NET consider haraam but IDK about them, it makes no sense IMO
like Masturbation is haraam, since when? I masturbate, everyone does( including Muslims), how is that haraam?
Only explanation is that masturbation can lead to doing evil acts( which I never did, like rape or killing) ( I understand that MB is haraam if you're married and you're MB and you have wife, I understand that)
Sex before marriage( I understand that but what if it's condom involved what if GF and BF love soo much?)
Music is haraam( since when?) I am listening to Breaking Benjamin, Starset, so that's haraam?)

Movies and video games are haraam( since when?) These are all entertainment. Like I said it's 21st century movies and games are things " we can't live without". Surely, if you start doing that in these movies or games like worship a devil ( Tevbe ja Rabbi) which I and many other Muslims DON'T do when watch/play those like horror games or movies it's just entertainment.
Maybe it's haraam for weak-minded or children that could be easily influenced. I watched Conjuring and nothing, good scared, good jumpscared and that's it.

and many other haraams that are there like ( don't look at women at certain way, like she's hot, what I am gonna watch men? Lol), don't kiss and hug GF which is why? That's love expression. What else men must have beard and don't shave beard which I do because I get itchy. Dating is haraam in Islam( since when?) etc etc.
( BTW haraams like alcohol, pig's meat theft, murder, not respecting your parents etcs are haraams that make sense and that are actual haraams, but haraams like don't kiss your GF, don't look at women certain way, don't game, don't watch movies don't make any sense... it makes sense to children and weak-minded people, I agree with that but with all Muslims; it's a no IMO).

Sorry for long post.
submitted by CMButch to islam [link] [comments]


2019.12.29 21:53 popcodswallop [WTS] VINTAGE • Early Hard Rubber Watermans and Parkers with Superflex Nibs: Wat 12 ED Wat 12 1/2 PSF Wat 12 ED Wat 52 Parker Jack-Knife 20 1/2 •

This week's vintage batch features 5 early FPs in black chased hard rubber from Waterman and Parker. All have delightful Super-Flexible XF/XXF nibs ideally suited to calligraphic writing styles such as Copperplate and Spencerian. As always, all pens are fully restored and ready to write.
 
ALBUM & TIMESTAMP
 
Pastable link: https://imgur.com/a/rhMM3l9
 
Condition (n.b.): All pens listed below have been disassembled, cleaned and restored with new sacs installed in the lever fillers and threads greased on the eyedroppers in the couple months. Each of these pens guaranteed to fill and write as designed without leaks or other problems. Nibs have been adjusted when necessary to ensure that all lay down a smooth and consistent line.
THESE PENS HAVE NO CRACKS, CHIPS, PERSONAL ENGRAVINGS, MISSING PARTS, BENT NIBS, MISALIGNED TINES, OR THREADING ISSUES.
 
Line Widths and Writing Samples: To provide buyers with as much information as possible, I have started to adopt the following line width standards: XXF (.1-.2mm); XF (approx .3mm); F (approx .4mm); M (approx .6mm); B (approx .8mm). Nib flexibility is determined by variation (max line width under pressure) and softness (amount of pressure). Flexibility designations based on variation generally run as follows for an XF/F nib: Semi-Flex (approx. 1mm); Flex (1.2-1.9mm); Superflex (>2mm). All line width measurements are taken with a digital caliper but should be considered approximations providing a general guide. Width may vary slightly depending on type of ink and paper used as well as amount of pressure applied. All writing samples are on Rhodia dot paper using Waterman Serenity Blue or Pelikan Edelstein Smokey Quartz.
 
1. 1900s-10s Waterman No. 12 Eyedropper (BCHR, eyedropper filler, 14k XF/F Superflex nib). This full-length, standard girth model measures 5 1/4" capped. The No. 12 eyedropper is the simple, utilitarian pen that first put Waterman on the map. Made of black, chased hard rubber, it was otherwise unadorned, designed as it was to be a no-nonsense writer that reliably put ink to paper for the multitudes. This pen came clipless from the factory (no holes drilled for a clip) during a time when clips were an optional upgrade. Optional nickel-plated accommodation may be fitted on buyer's request for an extra $10. The section unscrews for the barrel to filled with ink using an eyedroppepipette – holds far more ink than a lever filler of the same size. My usual caveats about early eyedroppers apply here. Some extra care must be taken with them owing to the amount of ink is stored directly in the barrel and their primitive feeds. FP design had yet to be perfected so that it is common to find some excess ink on the nib or in the cap when they are uncapped (especially if carried). Super-Flexible 14k Ideal NY #2 nib lays down a smooth and consistent XF/F line that widens to a respectable 4B+ (approx 2.3mm) under light pressure (see WRITING SAMPLE). Strong snap-back and impeccable flow through its full range of flex. Condition: very good [C]. This pen was well loved but is free of serious flaws. Hard rubber has faded to a chocolate brown color. Chasing is weak but visible. Surface is smooth and lustrous with no deep scratches or other notable blemishes. Manufacturer imprint on the barrel is weakened but still fully legible. Number stamp on barrel end is sharp and fully legible. Price: $155 SOLD
 
2. 1915-16 Waterman No. 12 1/2 PSF (BCHR w/ GF barrel bands, lever filler, 14k XXF Superflex nib). This full-length, narrow girth (1/2 size) model measures 5 1/4" capped. The first Waterman lever fillers, which were only manufactured from 1915-17, were marked ‘PSF’ (Pocket Self Filler) on the end of the barrel. They are also distinguished by having raised threads on the barrel (as opposed to later, inset threads). This is an example in black, chased hard rubber with two gold-filled barrel bands intricately engraved with an Art Deco floral motif. This pen came clipless from the factory at a time when clips were available at an added cost to the customer. Super-Flexible 14k Ideal NY #2 nib lays down a smooth and consistent XXF line that widens to a 4B+ (approx 2.4mm) under light pressure (see WRITING SAMPLE). Needlepoint hairlines, strong snap-back and reliable flow through its full range of flex. Condition: excellent- [B-]. Hard rubber isn't as oxidized as pen #1 above, but does show some fading to a dark chocolate color. Chasing shows moderate wear across barrel and cap. Surface is smooth and lustrous with no deep scratches or other notable blemishes. Gold-filled furniture is extremely clean, showing no wear aside from thin slivers of brassing on the outer edges of the barrel band nearest the nib. Manufacturer imprint on the barrel and number stamp on barrel-end are weakened but still fully legible. Price: $180 SOLD
 
3. 1906-9 Waterman No. 12 Eyedropper (BCHR, NPT, eyedropper filler, 14k XXF Superflex nib). This full-length, std. girth model measures 5 5/16" capped. The No. 12 eyedropper is the simple, utilitarian pen that first put Waterman on the map. Made of black, chased hard rubber, it was otherwise unadorned, designed as it was to be a no-nonsense writer that reliably put ink to paper for the multitudes. In addition to barrel and nib imprints, the patent dates on Waterman's clips provide crucial info about when their pens were made. The absence of a 1910 date on the clip of this example distinguishes this pen as a relatively early model, manufactured between 1906 and 1909. The section unscrews for the barrel to filled with ink using an eyedroppepipette – holds far more ink than a lever filler of the same size. My usual caveats about early eyedroppers apply here. Some extra care must be taken with them owing to the amount of ink is stored directly in the barrel and their primitive feeds. FP design had yet to be perfected so that it is common to find some excess ink on the nib or in the cap when they are uncapped (especially if carried). Super-Flexible 14k Ideal NY #2 nib lays down a smooth and consistent XXF line that widens to a 4B+ (approx 2.4mm) under light pressure (see WRITING SAMPLE). Needlepoint hairlines, strong snap-back and reliable flow over its full range of flex. Condition: excellent [B]. Hard rubber retains its dark black color with virtually no fading. Chasing shows light wear but is still visible and palpable throughout. Surface is smooth and lustrous with no deep scratches or other notable blemishes. Nickel-plated clip shows no notable wear whatsoever. Manufacturer imprint on the barrel and number stamp on barrel-end are weakened but still fully legible. **Price: ~~$210 $190~~ **SOLD
 
4. 1918-23 Waterman No. 52 (BCHR, NPT, lever filler, 14k XF Superflex nib). This full-length, std. girth model measures a hair under 5 1/2" capped. A fine example of Waterman's celebrated workhorse in black chased hard rubber with nickel-plated furniture. As on many of these pens, its Super-Flexible 14k Ideal #2 nib is a delightfully expressive write. It lays down a smooth and consistent XF line that widens to a 4B+ (approx 2.5mm) under light pressure (see WRITING SAMPLE). Fine hairlines, strong snap-back and reliable flow over its full range of flex. Condition: excellent [B]. Hard rubber retains its dark black color with virtually no fading. Chasing shows light wear but is still visible and palpable throughout. Surface is smooth and lustrous with no deep scratches or other notable blemishes. Nickel-plated furniture shows a spot of wear here and there – scarcely visible after a good polish. Manufacturer imprint on the barrel and number stamp on barrel-end are deep, sharp, and fully legible. Price: $240 $215 SOLD
 
5. c.1915 Parker Jack-Knife Lucky Curve No. 20 1/2 (BCHR, NPT, button filler, 14k XF Superflex nib). This full-length, std. girth model measures 5 3/8" capped. Manufactured roughly 3 decades after the company was founded in 1888, this early Parker features a Safety cap (marked "Jack Knife Safety" with a 1912 patent date) that was designed not to leak when carried. Rather than denoting the girth of the pen (cf. Watermans), Parker's numbering system used '1/2' to designate a chased model. This one is made of black, chased hard rubber with nickel plated clip, knurled HR blindcap and clip lock, and Lucky Curve "Xmas tree" feed. This pen is a button filler (see DETAIL PHOTO). To fill simply unscrew the blindcap, submerse the nib, and depress the brass button once. 14k Lucky Curve #2 nib is long-tined and features an early teardrop breather hole. This Super-Flexible nib lays down a buttery smooth and consistent XF line that widens to a 4B+(approx 2.4mm) under light pressure (see WRITING SAMPLE). Condition: excellent/near mint [B+]. This pen is a duplicate from my personal collection and you'd be hard pressed to find a nicer example. Hard rubber retains its dark black color with scarcely any fading. Chasing is as sharp and crisp as they come with no discernible wear. Surface is smooth and lustrous with no deep scratches or other notable blemishes. Knurling on clip-lock and blind cap is unbelievably sharp. Nickel-plated clip is clean aside from minor dulling of its luster toward the clip ball. Manufacturer imprint on the barrel, "Jack Knife" imprint on cap, and number stamp on blind cap are all factory deep, sharp, and fully legible. A time-capsule example of this pen and a lovely writer to boot. Price: $290 SOLD
 
 
Shipping: All pens that do not come with their original boxes are packaged in thick PVC tubes to protect them in transit. To CONUS locations the following shipping option is available on this set:
  • USPS First-Class with tracking for $5
  • USPS Priority with tracking for $8
International Customers: Please contact me for shipping quote if located abroad (delivery confirmation required).
New York Customers: For tax purposes, I am now required to add an 8% sales tax on any sale made in the state of NY. If your shipping address is in NY state, please let me know before payment to receive an adjusted total. Free shipping is included for NY State residents to help defray the extra cost.
Order, Payment, & Guarantee: Pens are placed on hold for the first person to reply to the thread and PM me with firm request to purchase (no chat DMs please). A request with the words “I'd like to purchase [pen number]” would be best to avoid confusion), to which I’ll reply with payment details. If I haven't received Paypal payment within 24 hrs, then pens may become available to the next person. All pens are guaranteed to be in the condition in which I've described them. If I've missed something objectionable or the filling mechanism is not fully functional, the buyer may contact me up to 7 days after receiving the pen for a full refund (issued once I receive the pen back in the same condition as sold). Buyer must ship the return no later than 2 weeks after it was delivered. I've sold pens online for over a decade. Please check my past listings here as well as on the classifieds and historical sales forums on FPN (username: Estragon) and FPGeeks (popcod) for some of my previous offerings.
OTHER RECENT LISTINGS (still open):
submitted by popcodswallop to Pen_Swap [link] [comments]


2019.12.08 01:03 IMightHaveBeenHacked Let's talk about predatory practices in the videogame industry and what we can do as consumers.

Videogames hold a very dear place in my heart. They allow me a reprieve from the daily problems of my life. They give me a space to share with friends I wouldn’t have otherwise. Every so often, a videogame will say something that touches me deeply. I’ve cried at least a couple times at the end of Metal Gear Solid 4. Maybe your experience with videogames is not quite the same, but I bet what I say rings somewhat true for anyone who’s picked up the hobby.
I’d argue that, as a piece of media, they’re works of art. They connect us and allow us to express ourselves. I’ve met some very special people to me, just by playing games online. And I’ve been able to play with them, in sandboxes and zombie infested lands and truly bonded over the time we’ve shared.
But games are also the product of hard work. They still are a piece of media to be distributed. At the end of the day, a game must be sold to keep the lights on: there’s developers to be paid, assets to be invested in, and stakeholders to answer to. So game companies adopt DRM policies, to thwart piracy and defend their product. They research new ways to reach broader audiences, and to hold their attention over the competition.
But I fear that, throughout the years, we’ve gotten it twisted. Game companies don’t talk in terms of “fun” but engagement nowadays. They don’t even call games as such anymore: platforms, live services – games as a service. But a service to who? I brought this question to a buddy who goes by the nickname EndlesNights, he replied with this:

“It's clear they only care about their bottom lines… For instance, how can we be in a time with simultaneously both record setting high profits and yet people are being let go from these corporations?”
“You can go into further details about the negative implications and implementations of always online DRM. For instance on launch day & during big events, the severs are almost always overstrained which prevents everyone from accessing the server. It creates an arbitrary expiry date for the game, where the severs will no longer be cost effective to maintain and no one will be able to launch the game anymore. It provides no benefits to the end users, and the general ficklety of the services has only turned potential customers away to acquire pirated & cracked copies.”

A lot of these AAA companies CEOs don’t really care for the games they make. To them, it’s just another product. Bobby Kotick is infamous for many things. Among these, one that has stuck to the back of my mind was his belief that videogames should be sold like detergent. Back in 2005 he hired a couple of Proctor & Gambler ex-employees for his publishing division. When interviewed, this was his reply:

"Processes that have worked well in packaged goods industry -- bringing goods to market, the process of market research and internalizing the business -- have all added the most value to our company…"Source: https://www.marketwatch.com/story/activision-adds-publishing-execs-with-pg-experience

Fast-forward a bit: it’s 2009, and Activison just merged with Blizzard. A bunch of their IPs were dropped, and amongst these was Brutal Legend, which seemed like it would never be published under Activision. So Double Fine negotiated with EA, who would end up publishing the game. So, of course, Activison sues EA trying to block the release of the game.Source: https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-2009-jun-05-fi-ct-lawsuit5-story.html
This is what Tim Schafer (Founder of Double Fine Productions) had to say regarding Mr. Kotick, after Double Fine got sued by Activision over the release of Brutal Legend by EA, back in 2010:

"His obligation is to his shareholders… Well, he doesn't have to be as much of a dick about it, does he? I think there is a way he can do it without being a total prick… He [Kotick] makes a big deal about not liking games, and I just don't think that attitude is good for games in general. I just don't think we're an industry of widgets...”
"We can approach it like we approach bars of soap, where you're just trying to make the cheapest bar of soap. He definitely has that that kind of widget-maker attitude. I don't think he's great for the industry, overall. You can't just latch onto something when it's popular and then squeeze the life out of it and then move on to the next one. You have to at some point create something, build something… Hopefully he'll go back to another industry soon.”Source: https://www.eurogamer.net/articles/schafer-calls-bobby-kotick-a-total-prick

The lawsuit was settled outside of court, btw. But the judge said he was “… strongly inclined to rule against Activision’s motion to stop the game’s release.” You draw your own conclusions.Source: https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-2009-aug-07-fi-activision7-story.html
So, it’s pretty clear that, at least for Activision’s CEO, games don’t hold value beyond the revenue they can bring into the company. The outcome? After the success of CoD 4, Modern Warfare, CoD became a franchise that released games yearly. The games weren’t that different from each other, and each came with it’s own new monetization scheme: microtransactions, map-packs, lootboxes, etc. This is bad. And what’s worse, the quality of the games isn’t always up to par. It can’t be, if you’re expected to pump out a product year after year, using a cookie cutter formula. And CoD isn’t the worst example of this kind of thing, it’s just the most popular and polished.
The lead up question is, are we getting the short end of the stick as consumers? And I’m hoping to build a solid case of proof and evidence to say “Yes, we are!” This attitude is not localized to Activision, but widespread across the industry. It’s not the exception, is the rule. And, somehow throughout the years, we’ve just accepted this as the way things are.
I feel that we, as gamers, make tons of excuses for game companies when they mess up in the pursuit of money, out of misplaced loyalty. Because the games they put out mean more to us than just entertainment. But AAA game companies abuse our demand for games. They wring us for all our worth with a smile and then heckle us in subtle, and not so subtle ways (Yes, I have a phone Blizzard, your game is still a free PoS for the Chinese market.)
So, the real question is, what can we do about it?
All we can do is try to rally together and vote with our wallets: the only language they understand.
I'm here to tell you the current state of the market isn't fine. We’ve gotten to this point, not because games started out as 60 dollar products with a real cost of upwards 100 dollars and spendings on the side - we let it get to this point. I’m here to put forward the motion that, sometimes, we just have to let games we love die and move on. Another one will come to take it's place. It won't be the same, but it always does anyways. It is something regrettable, but when game companies predate on consumers this hard.
Below, I’ve put together a list of companies I'm personally boycotting, along with videos and articles that back up the reasons I have for this boycott. IDK if anyone will care to go through this, I certainly hope at least one other person takes me seriously and at least reads through it, just to be informed. That’s all I can ask for.

EA

  1. Lays off 350 people, while hiring a new CEO and giving him multimillion dollar bonus
    1. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3RZ1zfEe0W8
    2. Article: https://www.businessinsider.com/electronic-arts-laying-off-350-employees-2019-3
  2. FIFA 2020 was basically a copy paste of FIFA 2019 with no Quality Assurance. This is the best example of what yearly franchises actually are. You can tell here since it's unpolished: they just forces gamers to reset their progress to 0 and spend more money trying to play catch up with their last year's progress, all the while including very minor updates to the game itself.
    1. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9duLp9PZtWM
    2. Article: https://www.imore.com/why-you-shouldnt-buy-fifa-20-nintendo-switch
  3. List of dead studios at the hands of EA (They ran the companies and their IPs to the ground)
    1. Maxis Studios
    2. Westwood Studios
    3. Visceral Games
    4. Many more (List)... https://heavy.com/games/2017/10/studios-ea-has-killed-visceral-games/
  4. They introduced microtransactions into a single player game, allowing you to prepurchase this, along with some day 1 dlc. Maybe it's to be expected now, and they’d done it before with Mass Effect 3 (And Ubisoft did it with Assassin’s Creed), but they did it with reckless abandon.
  5. Dead Space 3 will have microtransactions, to massive public uproar:
    1. Video: https://youtu.be/6Myy5Khm12A?t=161
    2. Article: https://www.eurogamer.net/articles/2013-01-22-dead-space-3-includes-micro-transactions-for-buying-better-weapons
  6. Oh and then they used that as a platform to shove microtransactions into EVERY GAME
    1. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ra113_O9R4E
  7. Always online DRM for a Single Player game! (Simcity 2013) This was one of the building blocks for games as a service, as this form of DRM is widely tolerated nowadays. They argued it was needed back then. They wouldn’t really say why.
    1. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=maU7vPrNRDI
    2. Article: https://kotaku.com/simcity-is-online-only-but-it-promises-not-to-repeat-d-5915377
  8. Then they backed down on that once it flopped, because they couldn’t sustain it:
    1. Article: https://www.theregister.co.uk/2014/01/13/simcity_offline_turnaround/
  9. Did I talk about the Sims online and how they only care about PR? Here's a BOOK on MMOs (just read the abstract), Second Life, and how messed up Sims online was: they never policed it, banned users if they gave them negative PR, not if they were hacking scumbags.
    1. Book: https://mitpress.mit.edu/books/second-life-herald
  10. How can we forget Battlefront 2 lootboxes, gating characters and skills behind "randomized", definitely overpriced, booster packs.
    1. Lootboxes, a rundown of the issue Article: https://mashable.com/2017/11/13/star-wars-battlefront-2-loot-box-controversy/
    2. Lootboxes get noticed (Yongyea): Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9ndi8D2eRu4
    3. Lootboxes get noticed (Jim Sterling) Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XUfkGSbabSo
    4. EA's reply Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1qfo1Bv91ws
    5. The turning point (Belgium defines lootboxes as gambling): Video:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=28K6GkkaTik
    6. Some dood flexing his lootboxes online. This is what it all amounts to Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bj9xrUolKb4
  11. NEVER FORGET FIFA LOOTBOXES AND HOW EA REFUSES TO TAKE RESPONSIBLITY
    1. Kid empties parent's bank account trying to get a FIFA player card Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RHy7XueW6dc
    2. Article: https://www.thesun.co.uk/sport/football/9475199/kids-parents-bank-messi-fifa-19/
    3. The addictive cost of Predatory Videogame Monetization (The Jimquisition) Video: https://youtu.be/7S-DGTBZU14
    4. Full UK parliament hearing Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jPkyERMbKU8

Bioware

  1. Bioware devs getting overworked to the point of breaking down (Stress Casualities!). This came out in an article by Kotaku’s Jason Schreier about Anthem.
    1. Bioware working staff to tears and calling it "Magic" Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GN1uV57hE_w
    2. What went wrong with anthem? (Story by Kotaku's Jason Schreier) Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UYDJNf4LyBsArticle: https://kotaku.com/how-biowares-anthem-went-wrong-1833731964
  2. Mass Effect Andromeda was a rushed piece of crap, just riding the popularity of Mass Effect 3
    1. Mass Effect Andromeda Troubled development history Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UYDJNf4LyBs
  3. Bug makes Anthem more FUN. Bioware fixes regardless of playerbase's protests
    1. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UYDJNf4LyBs
    2. Article: https://www.polygon.com/2019/3/11/18260057/anthem-loot-update-bug-boycott

Activision-Blizzard

  1. Record revenue of the quarter after massive layoffs (770 people)
    1. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tmK43DV_wVY
    2. Article: https://kotaku.com/activision-blizzard-begins-massive-layoffs-1832571288
  2. Made Diablo 3 online only, added auction house while reducing drop rates to non-existence. On a loot-based dungeon crawler. They didn't even prepare for the amount of players who wanted to play their game at launch! They also backpedalled the AH by the expansion, upping the drop rates, prohibiting trading "because it's not in the spirit" (BTW they just wanted to stop players selling items on the side), but THE PROFIT by then. And we praised 'em for "fixing” the game after years. Ugh.
    1. Error 37, couldn't login at launch: A light read: https://knowyourmeme.com/memes/error-37
    2. Article about Action house: https://blog.hoard.exchange/diablo-iiis-failed-auction-house-why-true-ownership-won-t-save-your-game-c6d692b9de1
  3. Bans player for freedom of speech. Players are on uproar. Congress gets in on the action. Blizzard backpedals publicly with the most NOTHING apology I've ever seen. Player (Blitzchung) is still banned.
    1. Article Talking about issue and the ensued apology: https://www.businessinsider.com/blizzard-apology-blizzcon-blitzchung-hong-kong-china-2019-11
    2. Video explaining issue: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OdCNGszoP0U
    3. Blizzard CEO emits “nothing” apology at Blizzcon, play by play Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-T2_PU8rHtk
    4. Break down, of nothing apology, if you had doubts:Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NDAcrhfQDqI
  4. COD opening lootboxes in front of other players gives watcher rewards to pressure them into buying lootboxes
    1. Short 1-minute video showing this: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Nra1UG4_1c
    2. Video explaining (By Yongyea): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hkkpHVjVyFQ
  5. COD Modern Warfare Remastered did not include map-pack, then resold as dlc at a HIGHER price than the original game
    1. Article: https://kotaku.com/for-some-reason-modern-warfare-remastereds-map-pack-is-1794563753
    2. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gY9vBu0z8NQNotice how the guy, almost by reflex, makes a disclaimer to defend his PoV after pointing out this clearly predatory practice (which it is, if you think of what a remaster should be and the actual cost in production compared to the OG release, but I digress). This is what we do to each other by defending the companies. We attack each other to see who’s right and wrong, instead of just letting people voice their opinion freely (likewise you could voice support in the company’s social media “keep doing you” and the such, but it takes all kinds. Again, I digress).
  6. COD Black Ops 4 sneaks lootboxes into the game
    1. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cJYjvFsF-U8
    2. Article: https://www.destructoid.com/loot-boxes-sneak-into-call-of-duty-black-ops-4-under-a-new-name-543584.phtml

EPIC Games

  1. Cornering the Market via Exclusivity Deals, instead of making a good storefront. Here's some games that signed an exclusivity deal with EPIC Games:
    1. Metro Exodus
    2. Borderlands 3
    3. Outer Worlds
    4. Detroit: Become Human
    5. Many more! Full List: https://www.gamewatcher.com/news/Epic-games-store-exclusives
  2. Spyware, stealing your Steam Data
    1. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O8xi69sBbwo
    2. Apologist Article (So you can read both Sides): https://www.usgamer.net/articles/the-epic-games-store-is-spyware-how-a-toxic-accusation-was-started-by-anti-chinese-sentiment
    3. Reddit Thread that fired the controversy: https://www.reddit.com/PhoenixPoint/comments/b0rxdq/epic_game_store_spyware_tracking_and_you/
  3. Introduced Battle Passes cuz, who cares as long as "cosmetics only"
    1. Forbes Article – The Psychology of Fortnite’s Battle Pass: Explains how Battle Passes hook players by making them work for their reward. The sucky bit is that they also charge an entry fee, so to speak, to unlock your hard earned rewards. https://www.forbes.com/sites/jamiemadigan/2019/07/06/the-psychology-of-fortnites-battle-pass/#7f7f45015e61
    2. Cosmetics matter: Video by Jim Sterling exemplifying why, and how games as a service are killing videogames. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cyUutk1xDew
    3. Here’s an example of a good game with cosmetic customization.Code Vein Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BUtLrzHctKU
    4. Honestly, maybe I'm a dinasour that's been around for a while but I remember when cosmetics were unlockables and not DLC (as late as 2009, just look at Resident Evil 5, and that game GOT chopped up into DLC). Remember the uproar surrounding Oblivion Horse armor?Video about Horse Armor: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uopSzlYo7sg

Bethesda

  1. Fallout 76 promising "No game-affecting dlc" and "no Season pass"
    1. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kR28-3lPcZA
  2. Breaks promise repeatedly
    1. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=otT6w0-jGI0
    2. Article: Added Repair Kits https://www.criticalhit.net/gaming/bethesda-breaks-promise-on-cosmetics-only-atom-store-adds-repair-kits/
    3. News Post: Bethesda justifies adding non-cosmetics to store by saying, “We’ve looked at all the data” - platforms off that to break promise further https://fallout.bethesda.net/en/article/6eNqXDms6VbtrHubE26y4new-wastelanders-release-date-private-worlds-the-atomic-shop-and-more?utm_source=share&utm_medium=ios_app
  3. Fallout 1st and private server bugs (Stash disappearing, private worlds not private)
    1. Announcement Video: https://youtu.be/CMF5wSmQkDY
    2. Service is broken (SURPRISE) Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CMF5wSmQkDY
    3. Article: https://arstechnica.com/gaming/2019/10/bethesda-pledges-to-fix-early-fallout-1st-bugs-and-complaints/
  4. Reportedly Banning a user for reporting a bug
    1. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PPabZ3vcqmc
    2. Article: https://boundingintocomics.com/2019/11/12/bethesda-reportedly-bans-creator-of-fallout-76-interactive-map-for-finding-and-reporting-an-exploit/
  5. Canvas bag debacle (buyers got a crappy nylon one, then after months of complains, actually got promised bags)
    1. Video with a nice parody song intro: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TvGdhzDMy4I
    2. Article: https://www.pcgamer.com/bethesda-is-finally-gonna-ship-those-damn-fallout-76-canvas-bags/
  6. One of the special edition helmets turned MOULDY and became a health hazard
    1. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uhA1NmRJPDQ
    2. Article: https://www.pcgamer.com/fallout-76-collectable-helmets-are-being-recalled-due-to-mould-risk/
  7. Nuka Rum (Terrible rum, horrible material for bottle, overpriced as all hell)
    1. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9naBulH2e9s
    2. Article: https://theradlands.com/2018/09/10/nuka-dark-rum-is-insulting/
  8. Stupid overpriced jacket for game they are not fixing
    1. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cReHb8xwmsI
    2. Article: https://www.pcgamer.com/twitter-reacts-to-dollar276-fallout-76-jacket-with-a-bunch-of-bag-jokes/
  9. Refuses to refund 76, forced by Australian government, but even that had caveats.
    1. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yw3fl3wsyJ4
    2. Forum thread discussing refunds: https://www.giantbomb.com/fallout-76/3030-68742/forums/bethesda-refusing-refunds-for-fallout-76-1859009/ (This is bad. The consumer itself is going “you can’t demand a refund just because the end-product is bad) MY DUDE.
  10. Elder Scrolls Blades being a piece of crap.
    1. (Chest unlock timers in my RPG are awful)Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HJHjtFx_STI
  11. Horse armor! (First time cosmetic DLCs were introduced by anyone! It was Bethesda and it was Horse Armor! We laughed at this back in the day.)
    1. It’s even a meme!: https://knowyourmeme.com/memes/events/horse-armor
  12. Rereleased Doom on the Switch with new DRM for the 20 year old titles!
    1. Article: https://www.theverge.com/2019/7/26/8932026/doom-library-switch-drm-log-in-online-connection-bethesda-quakecon
    2. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dh7nZ9t2eJA (DISCLAIMER) They removed the DRM after uproar. They even fixed the buggy music.

Ubisoft

  1. Most egregious example of greedy microtransactions, with their "Time savers"
    1. Ghost Reckon Breakpoint time savers include skill points and more: Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IM9JLr5KZJs
    2. Article: https://www.polygon.com/2019/10/4/20899162/ghost-recon-breakpoint-microtransactions-ubisoft-time-savers-ps4-xbox-one-pc
  2. Then they backpedalled on it and acted like those getting into the storefront in the first place Was a mistake
    1. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qIPUILFl0eo
    2. Article: https://www.pcgamer.com/ubisoft-removes-ghost-recon-breakpoints-booster-and-skill-point-microtransactions/

Warner Brothers

  1. Lootboxes in Shadow of War (which has some multiplayer, and is mostly single player, making it P2W on top of scummy. Double Scummy.)
    1. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2TXWdyrqFP8
  2. Removes Shadow of War lootboxes over half a year later. Backpedals like it's their sudden realization. What about all the players that already paid for lootboxes? What about the people that were upset about this for months?
    1. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W_XEMAVTxqE
    2. Article: https://www.pcgamer.com/middle-earth-shadow-of-war-is-ditching-loot-boxes/
  3. MKX Devs Burnout after getting worked up to 100 hours a week.
    1. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V_f_qe1-75w
    2. Article: https://www.pcgamer.com/former-devs-speak-out-about-severe-crunch-at-mortal-kombat-studio/

Telltale (It's dead now, but it's getting "revived" so worth remembering)

  1. Massive layoffs, got sued even after closing down.
    1. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vq6iX1htl28
    2. Article: https://www.polygon.com/2018/9/25/17901106/telltale-layoffs-lawsuit-warn-act
  2. Getting bought out by another company and "revived"
    1. Article: https://www.polygon.com/2019/8/28/20835854/telltale-games-return-walking-dead-lcg-entertainment

2K

  1. NBA 2K20 promoting gambling to children LIKE IT'S FINE
    1. Article: https://www.pcgamesn.com/nba-2k20/microtransactions (Video in Article has been taken down, here’s some more vids).
    2. MyTeam actual trailer: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FwN4VYzD02g
    3. Yongyea analyzes trailer: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-junD46e9Iw
    4. PEGI defends NBA2k Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=roddqD3Xqs0

Gearbox

  1. Randy Pitchford assaults employees and denies due revenue.
    1. Article: https://www.pcgamer.com/former-claptrap-voice-actor-details-randy-pitchford-assault-allegations/
    2. Video by Yongyea: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R7bEjCG_D8s
    3. Video by Jim Sterling: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RhXXpGFU2-s
  2. Alien Colonial Marines was a lie. The Demo didn't match the final product.
    1. NSFW Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eG1q3X3HxeA
    2. Photos for Comparison in this Article: https://www.ign.com/articles/2013/02/14/did-aliens-colonial-marines-screenshots-lie-to-you
    3. Article: Sega outs Gearbox for lying: https://www.destructoid.com/sega-outs-gearbox-for-lying-in-aliens-colonial-marines-case-280655.phtml

Capcom

  1. BIG day 1 dlc offender. They chopped up some characters OFF their fighting game, then added them later as DLC. The reason how we know the characters were ready at launch is because the character's data CAME WITH THE DISC and the DLC just unlocked them. They sold you a full 60 dollar game and then wanted some more, by hiding the actual cost of the FULL game through sketchy means.
    1. Article: https://www.cinemablend.com/games/Capcom-Gets-Busted-Disc-DLC-Discovered-Street-Fighter-X-Tekken-40114.html

Konami

  1. Killed P.T.
    1. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iRTwUShPFN0
  2. Full disclosure, personal grudge: Messed up MGS5. Had a fallout with Kojima, fired him, tried to remove him from the credits like he never was a part of it.
    1. Article: https://www.polygon.com/2015/3/19/8257283/metal-gear-solid-konami-branding
    2. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VYLC0rLBCtI
  3. Most messed up, internal, corporate policies I've EVER seen or heard of.
    1. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=okNtRgMGNmc
  4. Konami blacklisting ex-employee, messing with their health insurance and future employment opportunities
    1. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pJawlLSkj7E
  5. Game franchise PACHINKO (Turning beloved franchises into gambling machines)
    1. Silent hill pachinko trailer https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ht4dbyPIcM
    2. Metal gear Pachinko trailer (LOOK AT THOSE GRAPHICS GODDAMNIT) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WVSRjJL1bv8
    3. Castlevania Pachinko trailer: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UN0Te7uTi7o

Nintendo’s Mobile Division

  1. Pads out Mario Kart Mobile with bots, WHILE not being upfront about it.
    1. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jiOCyTsg-yoIt makes you believe you’re playing with real players
  2. Animal Crossing Pocket Camp has 2 subscription models
    1. Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dDaGQ-vQC8k
    2. Article: https://www.polygon.com/2019/11/20/20974027/animal-crossing-pocket-camp-subscription-plans-price-features-nintendoAnd of course the game gets crippled to incentivize you to pay for a sub.
Conclusion:
If it wasn't clear by now, the companies that come out with the game's ratings, like ESRB and PEGI, that should be watching out for consumers, just cover corporate interests! Parent’s get the short end of the stick and companies just reply with empty PR statements, like “You can check the Parental Controls for your system,” which is corporate lingo for “you’re not getting your money back, we don’t care, sorry not sorry.”
Most of the money doesn't even go to the devs, if that wasn't obvious by now. They get overworked (sometimes forced to do up to 100 hours a week!), then they get laid off anyways. The money goes to executives and stakeholders, who give each other multi-million dollar bonuses and shares. These execs act like they are nice and care about the consumer, and they even do self-deprecating jokes like they are self-aware. It's just a facade to placate us, to stay on our good side while they suck more money away from us.
Game companies don’t validate their users’ grievances. They act like nothing is wrong, shut up complainers until the noise gets too loud (which not always happens) and then just do the thing they’ve been told to do for months while pretending they came up with on their own, or act like it’s some sudden realization and they’ve always had our best interests in mind...
If that isn't obvious scumbag behavior IDK what is.
I believe it is time that we as consumers put our foot down. Not because everyone else is gonna do it too and we’re gonna enforce some major change, but just because we, as individuals, refuse to be abused so. It’s up to each of us. And if enough people follow suit the market WILL change. Even if it doesn’t, that’s not a good enough reason to keep meekly paying the abusive corporations.
So, this is a list of practices I believe should be stopped, by not supporting games that enforce them:

  1. Always online DRM.
  2. Microtransactions on full 60 dollar games.
  3. Microtransactions on exclusively Singleplayer games.
  4. Time saving microtransactions. (If you have to save my time on a game I played for entertainment, then you’re crippling it by design, instead of focusing on making it fun… just so I have to spend money to MAKE it fun. Just give me back cheat codes.)
  5. Pre-ordering (stop throwing your money at incomplete products and empty promises out of hype and misplaced loyalty).
  6. Season passes
  7. Justifying gating all good cosmetics behind microtransactions “because they don’t affect gameplay anyway”.I want to touch on this one.Cosmetics affect my gameplay experience. Growing up, a favorite part of a bunch of games was customizing my character, making it feel my own. It matters, that’s why game companies charge 10 dollars for a bunch of pixels; because enough players pay for those. Just look to Minecraft and Terraria and all those sandboxes, for crying out loud, and tell me it would be the same without the creative freedom to mod in your own skins. Why are we defending them taking that away and gating it behind MORE money? I’m not saying “DLC that comes afterwards should be free”. I’m saying, when I pay for a full priced game, I expect the full content they got, not a maimed version of it. I’m not buying a game in installments, that’s what episodic games are for.Seriously, there’s even a sense of elitism between paying players and “base skin” players in many games (Fortnite comes to mind prominently). Here, check out this talk that explains the psychology behind it in brutally honest terms by the very corporate execs that don’t really care about their consumers. Infamous Video - Let’s go whaling: Tricks for monetizing mobile game players with free-to-play: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xNjI03CGkb4
  8. With that said, Battle Passes also get on the list. On top of wanting you to spend money on cosmetics, they make you grind for them. You’re no longer buying the cosmetic, you’re buying the option to get the cosmetic by investing ungodly amount of hours on their product, on top of whatever price the Battle Pass has. This is just psychological manipulation on top of unfair content gating.
  9. Gambling in video games: from lootboxes, to NBA’s predatory attempt on children. All of it. Gambling in videogames should receive an “Adult Only” rating, but if you can’t trust the ratings companies, why would you even risk being exposed to this BS?
Why support any of this anymore?
Disclaimer:
This is my take on the matter. I’ve tried to be impartial and back-up my arguments and provide as much info as I can. Truth be told, I’m quite bitter, and I’m aware. This list hurts me. I'd rather not support companies that make their living off the blood and sweat of hardworking people, and then spit in their faces. Who abuse the consumer and e-sport players and then try to take it back with lies. Who apologize like a manipulator trying to keep you nice and subdued, but do nothing about it.
We get a choice of which business practices we support and which we don't. It's up to each of us. I don’t fully expect many people to actively boycott these companies: they do provide us with valued entertainment. But I urge anyone who reads this to not be so quick to forgive, and to never forget what it used to be like, how we got here today, and what it’s cost us.
I leave you with this: These videos are a more in-depth look behind these scummy practices, and break it down pretty neatly, top to bottom.
CAAApitalism: The Successful Failure of Videogames (The Jimquisition).
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HmW0GhdDOvw
The Trouble with the Video Game Industry Philosphy Tube
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IYkLVU5UGM8
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